(Newspapers of Illinois)

Warsaw, Hancock County

Warsaw  Signal (Message)
Jan. - June 1844 Articles

Murder of Hyrum and Joseph (at window) -- early drawing

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Vol. I.                       Warsaw, Illinois, January 3, 1844.                       No. 42.


We promised in our last, to give some of the particulars in relation to the arrest of a citizen of Green Plains, Mr. John C. Elliott -- by the Mormons, on a charge of kidnapping. We have been favored, by a gentleman, with the following facts:

About day break of the 17th ultimo, 12 armed men entered the premises of Mr. Freeman, of Green Plains, and took Mr. E. prisoner, on a charge of Kidnapping. Mr. E. not knowing but the Danite Band was upon him, was about to resist to the extent of his power, till having a writ read to him, he desisted, and asked to go before the nearest Magistrate at Warsaw. This was refused & he was taken to Nauvoo.

Arriving at Nauvoo, he was taken before Justice Johnson, the same who had issued the warrant, to undergo an examination. -- Two notable counsellors -- Marr and Styles -- and the great Prophet himself, appeared as prosecutors, and -- of course -- Mr. Elliott was ordered to enter into recognizance to appear at the next term of the circuit court, under a bond of $3000.

During the examination, a witness testified that the prisoner had had the audacity to use certain threatening words towards the Prophet; whereupon Joe [is]sues out a writ before Justice Foster, and had him again arrested.

During the latter trial, and while Joe was in the midst of a long stereotyped speech, an express arrived, with the news that the Missourians were crossing by hundreds -- that Warsaw and Green Plains were in arms -- and more of the same sort and equally as true. This was enough. Joe turned his tune very considerably -- thought the prisoner and his friends were rather clever fellows, after all -- hoped he had not offended them -- if so, he begged their pardon -- if they would come to his house, they should be well taken care of; (which, by the by, they did, and paid for it too.) But Joe cut short his speech -- and in evident alarm, ordered the by-standers to disperse and arm themselves; called out the Legion, and ordered the passes to be strongly defended! And what was the cause of all this commottion? Some dozen or twenty of the citizens of Green Plains, excited by the circumstances of the arrest, had armed themselves and followed on as far as Warsaw. "Verily, the wicked flee when no man pursueth."

The Nauvoo Neighbor mentions Joe's speech on that occasion, as transcendant. If the account we have had of it, be correct -- which we doubt not -- it was, indeed transcendant! In its personal abuse -- its vituperation -- its malignity -- its foulness and obscenity -- and its horrid and loathesome blasphemy, it transcended any thing which our informant had ever before heard! Yet meb -- or beings in the shape of men -- were there to applaud! and an editor is found to praise!

The circumstances which led to the arrest are briefly these, as we believe:

Some two or three citizens of Missouri opposite, came to this side, and asked and obtained the assistance of several citizens of Green Plains, in arresting one Danier Avery, who is charged with being a notorious horse-thief. This man was arrested and sent across the river, to await a charge of horse-stealing in Missouri; the arrest being without any legal process. This was wrong; for even the lawless should be treated with the due forms of law.


At a meeting of the Anti-Mormon citizens held at Green Plains, on motion, Col. L. Williams was called to the chair, and H. P. Crawford, chosen Secretary,

On motion it was

1st. Resolved, That the citizens of Green Plains, request the Central Committee to forward a certain extra Nauvoo Neighbor, published December 1843, to Governor Ford informing him of our situation, and that we wish redress for our grievances.

2nd. Resolved, that the Chairman and Secretary of this meeting forward said extra Nauvoo Neighbor to the Governor of Missouri, with suitable comments on the same.

3rd. Resolved, That we request the authorities of the State of Missouri to make a demand for such individuals as have transgressed their laws, and fledto our State especially Jo Smith the false Prophet.

4th Resolved, That any of our citizens seeing a suspicious character lurking around that we find out if possible his business, and give him our opinion of spies and bad characters.

5th. Resolved, That we use our utmost energy to ferret out all dishonest persons in our section of country, whether Mormons or not.

6th. Resolved, That so far as we are concerned about Jo and his Legion and his threats we ask him no favors.

7th. Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be signed by the Chairman and Secretary and published in the Warsaw Message and all other papers friendly to Justice.

                  Levi Williams, Ch'r'm.
H. P. Crawford, Secretary.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. I.                       Warsaw, Illinois, January 10, 1844.                       No. 43.

More Mormon Difficulties.

We learnthat there was quite an excitement at Carthage yesterday, in consequence of the arrest of a citizen of that place, by a posse of Mormons from Nauvoo, on a chrage of Bastardy. The citizens declare that the individual shall not be taken to Nauvoo for trial -- and were under arms in his defence. We do not hear that any fighting was done. The excitement ran high, and may yet result in bloodshed. We hear no further particulars. It is hoped that our citizens will exercise moderation in these scenes of strife -- and on all occasions, make it a paramount duty to support the supremacy of the law. Let others disobey the law, and receive the consequences; but the Anti-Mormon party should ever make the law their shield and their hope.

In view of these things, the question occurs to ud, whether there is not some common ground, on which the two parties can meet. This is not for the hoary monster who rules at Nauvoo; whose black heart would exult in carnage and bloodshed, rather than yield one iota of that power he had obtained by his hellish knavery. We feel sure that a majority even of his most firm supporters would prefer peace and quietness to rapine and violence. To all such -- to all [who] are not determined to rush headlong to destruction, in carrying out the villainous designs of Smith, we appeal, to meet their fellow citizens in a spirit of concession and compromise; and to the old citizens of the county, we would urgently appeal, to meet them on the same ground.

As a means of bringing about so desirable a result, we respectfully suggest that a public meeting of all parties be called, to meet at Carthage on as early a day as practicable to take into consideration the grievances and their remedy. What say you, Fellow Citizens?


A few days since, two Mormons were kidnapped from the neighborhood of Nauvoo, by some citizens of Missouri, who are now in confinement in that State. The excuse for this high-handed measure, it is unnecessary for us to look into. No matter how great the injury inflicted by those who have been kidnapped, upon their captors, the act is alike arbitrary, illegal and oppressive. No man in his senses, who, for the last three years, had been accustomed to peruse the Telegraph will accuse us of either favor or partiality towards the Mormons. We have spoken of them, from our firm convictions of right, and as we believed the evidence in our possession justified. Unprincipled, and unworthy the countenance of all honest men, as the leader among them may be, they are, nevertheless citizens of the State of Illinois; and, as such are entitled to all the protection that the constitution and laws of the State throw around the person, the property, and the liberty, the most favored in our midst.

We understand that satisfactory evidence of the caption and unlawful detention of the two Mormons, has been transmitted to the Governor; and his aid asked, as the Executive of this State, in demanding the release of the two citizens of Illinois from the authority of Missouri. This demand, we are credibly informed, the Governor has refused to make. Why has he done so, is to us more inexplicable. Here has been a direct invasion upon the rights of two of our citizens, the protection of whose life, liberty and property, is guaranteed to them by the constitution of Illinois -- an utter disregard and papable violation of our State sovereignty -- and a gross outrage committed against our laws. And yet, we are told, the Executive has not the power to demand of the authorities of Missouri, the release of two of our citizens, who have been illegally captured within the limits of our State, and transported vi et armis into the State of Missouri.       Alton Telegraph.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. I.                       Warsaw, Illinois, January 17, 1844.                       No. 44.

General Joseph Smith's Appeal to
the Green Mountain Boys.

I was born in Sharon, Vermont, in 1805, -- where the first quarter of my life grew with the growth & strengthened with the strength of that "first-born" State of the "United Thirteen." From the old "French War" to the final consummation of American Independence, my fathers, heart to heart, and shoulder to shoulder, with the noble fathers of our liberty, fought and bled; and with the most of that venerable band of patriots, they have gone to rest, -- bequeathing a glorious country, with all her inherent rights, to millions of posterity. Like other honest citizens, I not only (when manhood came,) sought my own peace, prosperity, and happiness, but also the peace, prosperity, and happiness of my friends; and, with all the rights and realm before me, and the revelations of Jesus Christ to guide me into all truth, I had good reasons to enter into the blessings and privileges of an American citizen; -- the rights of a Green Mountain Boy, unmolested, and enjoy life and religion according to the most virtuous and enlightened customs, rules, and etiquette of the nineteenth century. But, to the disgrace of the United States, it is not so. These rights and privileges, together with a large amount of property, have been wrested from me, and thousands of my friends, by lawless mobs in Missouri, supported by Executive authority; and the crime of plundering our property; and the unconstitutional and barbarous act of our expulsion; and even the inhumanity of murdering men, women, and children, have received the pass word of "justifiable" by legislative enactments, and the horrid deeds, doleful and disgraceful as they are, have been paid for by government.

In vain have we sought for redress of grievances and a restoration to our rights in the Courts and Legislature of Missouri. In vain have we sought for our rights and the remuneration for our property in the Halls of Congress, and at the hands of the President. The only consolation yet experienced from these highest tribunals and mercy seats of our bleeding country is, that our cause is just, but the government has no power to redress us.

Our arms were forcibly taken from us by those Missouri marauders; and, in spite of every effort to have them returned, the State of Missouri still retains them; and the United States militia law, with this fact before the government, still compels us to military duty; and, for a lack of said arms, the law forces us to pay fines. As Shakespeare would say; "thereby hangs a tale."

Several hundred thousand dollars worth of land in Missouri was purchased at the U.S. Land Offices in that district of country: and the money without doubt, has been appropriated to strengthen the army and navy, or increase the power and glory of the nation in some other way; and notwithstanding Missouri has robbed and mobbed me and twelve or fifteen thousand innocent inhabitants murdered, and hundreds expelled, the residue, at the point of the bayonet, without law, contrary to the express language of the Constitution of the United States, and every State in the Union; and contrary to the custom and usage of civilized nations; and especially one holding up the motto: "The asylum of the oppressed;" yet the comfort we receive to raise our wounded bodies, and invigorate our troubled spirits, on account of such immense sacrifices of life, property, patience, and right; and as an equivalent for the enormous taxes we are compelled to pay to support the functionaries in a dignified manner, after we have petitioned and pleaded with tears and been showed like a caravan of foreign animals for the peculiar gratification of connoisseurs in humanity, that flare along in public life, like lamps upon lamp-posts, because they are better calculated for the schemes of the night than for the scenes of the day, is as President Van Buren said, your cause is just, but the government has no power to redress you!

No wonder, after the Pharisee's prayer, the Publican smote his breast and said, Lord be merciful to me a sinner! What must the manacled nations think of freemen's rights in the land of liberty?

Were I a Chaldean I would exclaim: Keed' nauh to-maroon lehoam elauhayaugh deyshemayaugh veh aur kau lau gnaubadoo, yabadoo ma-ar'guauoomen tehoat shemayaugh alah. (Thus shall we say unto them: The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, they shall perish from the earth, and from under these heavens.)

An Egyptian: Sa e eh-ni: (What other persons are these?) A Grecian: Diabolas basseleuei: (The Devil reigns.) A Frenchman: Messieurs sans Dieu, (Gentkemen without Go.) A Turk: Ain shems: (The fountain of light.) A german: sie sind unferstandig. (What consumate ignorance!) A Syrian: Zaubok. (Sacrifice!) A Spaniard: Il sabio muda conscio, il nescio ne. (A wise man reflects, a fool does not.) A Samaritian: Saunau! (O Stranger!) An Italian: O tempa! oh diffidanza! (O the times! O the diffidence!) A Hebrew: Ajtaij aol raicu (Thou God seest me.) A Dane: Hvnd tidende! (What tidings!) A Saxon: Hwaet riht! (What right!) A Swede: Hvad skilla: (What skill!) A Polander: Nav-yen-wheo bah poa na Jesus Christus: (Blessed be the name of Jesus Christ.) A Western Indian: She-mo-kah She-mo keh ough-nepgab. (The white man, O the white man, he very uncertain.) A Roman: Procul, o procul este profani! (Be off, be off ye profane!) But as I am I will only add: when the wicked rule the people mourn.

Now, therefore, having failed in every attempt to obtain satisfaction at the tribunals where all men seek for it, according to the rules of right: -- I am compelled to appeal to the honor and patriotism of my native State: to the clemency and valor of "Green Mountain Boys;" for, throughout the various periods of the world, whenever a nation, kingdom, state, family, or individual has received an insult or an injury from a superior force, (unless satisfaction was made,) it has been the custom to call in the aid of friends to assist in obtaining redress. For proof we have only to refer to the recovery of Lot and his effects by Abraham, in the days of Sodom and Gomorrah; or to turn to the relief afforded by France and Holland for the achievement of the independence of these United States. Without bringing up the great bulk of historical facts, rules, laws, decrees, and treaties, and bible records, by which nations have been governed, to show that mutual alliance for the general benefit of mankind, to retaliate and repel foreign aggressions; to punish and prevent home wrongs, when the conservators of justice and the laws have failed to afford a remedy, are not only common and in the highest sense justifiable and wise, but they are also poorer expedients to promote the enjoyment of equal rights, the pursuit of happiness, the preservation of life, and the benefit of posterity.

With all these facts before me, and a pure desire to ameliorate the condition of the poor and unfortunate among men, and, if possible, to entice all men from evil to good, and with firm reliance that God will reward the just, I have been stimulated to call upon my native State, for a "union of all honest men;" and to appeal to the valor of the "Green Mountain Boys" by all honorable methods & means to assist me in obtaining justice from Missouri: not only for the property she has stolen and confiscated, the murders she has committed among my friends, and for our expulsion from the State, but also to humble and chastise, or abase her for the disgrace she has brought upon constitutional liberty, until she atones for her sins.

I appeal also to the fraternity of brethren, who are bound by kindred ties, to assist a brother in distress, in all cases where it can be done according to the rules of order, to extend the boon of benevolence and protection, in avenging the Lord of his enemies, as if a Solomon, a Hiram, a St. John, or a Washington raised his hands before a wondering world, and exclaimed: -- "My life for his!" Light, liberty, and virtue forever!

I bring this appeal before my native State, for the solemn reason that an injury has been done, and crimes have been committed, which a sovereign State, of the Federal compact, one of the great family of "E pluribus unum," refuses to compensate, by consent of parties, rules of law, customs of nations, or in any other way. I bring it also, because the national Government has fallen short of affording the necessary relief as before stated, for want of power, leaving a large body of her own free citizens, whose wealth went freely into her treasury for lands, and whose gold and silver for taxes, still fills the pockets of her dignitaries "in ermine and lace," defrauded, robbed, moved, plundered, ravished, driven, exiled, and banished from the "Independent Republic of Missouri!"

And in the appeal let me say; raise your towers, pile your monuments to the skies; build your steam frigates; spread yourselves far and wide, and open the iron eyes of your bulwarks by sea and land; and let the towering church steeples marshal the country like the "dreadful splendor" of an army with bayonets: but remember the destruction of Pharaoh and his hosts; remember the handwriting upon the wall, mene, mene, teke, upharsin; remember the angels visit to Sennacherib and the 185,000 Assyrians; remember the end of the Jews and Jerusalem, and remember the Lord Almighty will avenge the blood of his Saints that now crimsons the skirts of Missouri! Shall wisdom cry aloud, and her speech not be heard?

Has the majesty of American liberty sunk into such vile servitude and oppression, that justice has fled? Have the glory and influence of a Washington, an Adams, a Jefferson, a Lafayette, and a host of others, forever departed, -- and the wrath of a Cain, a Judas, and a Nero whirled forth in the heraldry of hell, to sprinkle our garments with blood; and lighten the darkness of midnight with the blaze of our dwellings? Where is the patriotism of '76? Where is the virtue of our forefathers? and where is the sacred honor of freemen?

Must we, because we believe in the fulness of the Gospel of Jesus Christ; the administration of angels, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, like the prophets and apostles of old, -- must we be mobbed with impunity -- be exiled from our habitations and property without remedy; murdered without mercy, -- and government find the weapons, and pay the vagabonds for doing the jobs, and give them the plunder into the bargain? Must we, because we believe in enjoying the constitutional privilege and right of worshiping Almighty God according to the dictates of our own consciences; and because we believe in repentance, and baptism for the remission of sins; the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands; the resurrection of the dead; the millennium; the day of judgment; and the Book of Mormon as the history of the aborigines of this continent, -- must we be expelled from the institutions of our country, the rights of citizenship, and the graves of our friends and brethren, and the government lock the gate of humanity, and shut the door of redress against us? -- If so, farewell freedom; adieu to personal safety, and let the red hot wrath of an offended God purify the nation of such sinks of corruption! For that realm is hurrying to ruin where vice has the power to expel virtue.

My Father, who stood several times in the battles of the American Revolution, till his companions in arms, had been shot dead, at his feet, was forced from his home in Far West, Missouri, by those civilized, or satanized savages, in the dreary season of winter, to seek a shelter in another State; and the vicissitudes and sufferings consequent to his flight brought his honored grey head to the grave, a few months after. And my youngest brother also, in the vigor and bloom of youth, from his great exposure and fatigue in endeavoring to assist his parents on their journey, (I and my brother Hyrum being in chains, in dungeons -- where they tried to feed us on human flesh -- in Missouri,) was likewise so debilitated that he found a premature grave shortly after my father. And my mother, too, though she yet lingers among us, from her extreme exposure in that dreadful tragedy, was filled with rheumatic affections and other diseases, which leave her no enjoyment of health. She is sinking in grief and pain, broken-hearted, from Missouri persecution.

O death! wilt thou not give to every honest man, a heated dart to sting those wretches while they pollute the land? and O grave! wilt thou not open the trap door to the pit of ungodly men, that they may stumble in?

I appeal to the Green Mountain Boys of my native State, to rise in the majesty of virtuous freemen, and by all honorable means help bring Missouri to the bar of justice. If there is one whisper from the spirit of an Ethen Allen, or a gleam from the shade of a Gen. Stark, let it mingle with our sense of honor and fire our bosoms for the cause of suffering innocence, -- for the reputation of our disgraced country, and for the glory of God; and may all the earth bear me witness, if Missouri, blood-stained Missouri, -- escapes the due merit of her crimes, the vengeance she so justly deserves -- that Vermont is a hypocrite -- a coward -- and this nation the hot bed of political demagogues!

I make this appeal to the sons of liberty of my native State for help to frustrate the wicked design of sinful men; I make it to hush the violence of mobs; I make it to cope with the unhallowed influence of wicked men in high places; I make it to resent the insult and injury made to an innocent, unoffending people, by a lawless ruffian State; I make it to show our nation's escutcheon; I make it to show presidents, governors, and rulers, prudence; I make it to fill honorable men with discretion; I make it to teach senators wisdom; I make it to learn judges justice; I make it to point clergymen to the path of virtue; and I make it to turn the hearts of this nation to the truth and realities of pure and undefiled religion, that they may escape the perdition of ungodly men; and Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is my Great Counsellor.

Wherefore let the rich and the learned, the wise and the noble, the poor and the needy; the bond and the free, both black and white, take heed to their ways, and cleave to the knowledge of God; and execute justice and judgment upon the earth in righteousness; and prepare to meet the judge of the quick and the dead, for the hour of his coming is nigh.

And I must go on as the herald of grace,
Till the wide-spreading conflict is over.
And burst thro' the curtains of tyrannic night.
Yes, I must go on to gather our race,
Till the high blazing flames of Jehovah
Illumines the globe as a triumph of right.

As a friend of equal rights to all men, and a messenger of the everlasting gospel of Jesus Christ,

         I have the honor to be,
             Your devoted servant,
                    JOSEPH SMITH.

   Nauvoo, Ill., Dec., 1843.

The Appeal to the Green Mountain Boys; For aid to assist in "licking" the Missourians, made by Joe Smith a month or two ago -- will be found in another column. No doubt but all the Ethan Allens and Gen. Starks in the State of Vermont will soon be "on their winding way," to assist their esteemed brother!

To show our great learning, after the fashion of the "Appeal," -- were we a Vermonter, we would say: Boowoo waugh! Josephi. -- (You can't come it Josey!) Were we a Turk, we would say: Noah shah Mahomet. (You can't act Mahomet.) Or a Western Indian, we would yell: Che-mo-ko-mon, Jo-Smith-e-kuk hah ug! (White man, Joe Smith, very unsartin.) But as we are, we shall only say: Some men are fools by nature; and others are fools for lucre.


In our last, we copied an article from the Alton Telegraph, commenting in severe language on what the editors are pleased to call an "unheard-of outrage." It was our intention, when we marked the article for insertion, to accompany it with some remarks of our own; but in the hurry and excitement of Tuesday and Wednesday, it was entirely forgotten

We think the Telegraph need not have been quite so severe upon the actors in this matter. Situated at the distance of 150 miles from us, the editors of that print can know but little of the difficulties and vexations and dangers with which the people of this region are surrounded. Besides -- we have some recollection of an "unheard-of outrage," which was perpetrated in the goodly city of Alton -- in the murder of a certain Elijah P. Lovejoy by a mob; and if our memory serves us, the editor of the Telegraph had something to say by the way of extenuation. But circumstances alter cases; times change and men change with them.

We agree with the Telegraph that the conduct of the so-called "kidnappers" was reprehensible; but there is more excuse for them than the editors of that paper seem to appreciate. They have not had the facts correctly, They are briefly these -- as far as we have been able to learn: A certain Mormon named Avery, was arrested in Missouri, on a charge of Horse Stealing, and is now, as we believe, in jail in Palmyra awaiting his trial. On his examination he implicated his father, who resides on this side of the River, and who had a most notorious character. Some citizens of Missouri came over, and in company with citizems of this State, arrested said Avery, (without process) and took him to Missouri, where a Grand Jury found a true bill against him for the crime of which he was accused. (He has since, however, as we learn, been set at Liberty, by the operation of the Habeas Corpus -- which has become in this country a mere mockery, and a machine of injustice.)

The taking of Avery without process, we do not justofy; but have from the beginning condemned. Those concerned plead in extenuation -- That they had been continually harrassed by depredators from this side of the river; that Mo. had several times made application to Illinois for the arrest of an individual charged with crime, and have ever been unsuccessful. Had they taken that course in this case, the escape of the criminal would have been almost certain. They decided on a more summary method; and on them rests the responsibility. We think they erred. We believe in the application of no remedy for evils, but legal ones; even though they may bring present wrong, they will ultimately triumph.

It may not be generally known, that the Mormon Prophet is a great Land Speculator. The following, a standing advertsiement in the Nauvoo Neighbor, will show how he operates upon the brethren in that line:

Notice to Emigrants and Latter Day Saints Generally.

I feel it my duty to say to the brethren generally, and especially those who are emigrating to this place, that there is in the hands of the Trustee in Trust, a large quantity of lands, both in the city and adjoining Townships in this county, which is for sale -- some of which belongs to the church and is designed for the benefit of the poor, and also [to] liquidate debts owing by the church, for which the Trustee in Trust is responsible. Some also is land which has been consecrated for the building of the Temple, and some for the Nauvoo House.

If the brethren who move in here and want an inheritance will buy their lands from the Trustee in Trust, they will thereby benefit the poor, the Temple and the Nauvoo House, and even then only be doing that which is their duty and which I know, by considerable experience, will be vastly for their benefit and satisfaction in the days to come....

                              For the Warsaw Message.
Meeting of Citizens at Carthage.

At a large and respectable meeting of the citizens of Hancock county, held in the court house in Carthage, on Wednesday the 10th day of January, 1844 --

The meeting was organized by the appontment of Jas. B. Matthews, Chairman, and John C. Elliott, Secretary.

The objects of the meeting having been stated by the chairman, on motion, it was decided that Valentine Wilson address the meeting, which he accordingly did in an appropriate and eloquent speech.

After which it was moved and decided that the chairman appoint a committee of three to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting, in regard to certain difficulties with the community of people called Mormons.

The chair named Walter Bagby, Colonel Levi Williams and Henry Newton, for that committee, who reported the following Preamble and Resolutions, which were unanimously adopted:

That while we have been denied the ends of Justice in Nauvoo, by the interposition of armed bodies, set up by the authorities of that city, and ordered to rescue a prisoner at all hazards, regardless of law or justice, from the rightful custody of an officer, which order was accordingly carried into successful execution, as is well authenticated in the case of Smith, the leader of the Mormon community at Dixon, in Lee county of this State.

And while the authorities of the city of Nauvoo have been continually passing ordanances in designation of the laws and constitution of the State of Illinois and of the United States, calculated, if carried into effect to be a source of galling oppression to the citizens of this county, and indeed to all who may be so unfortunate as to be placed under their operation; which laws have been in many cases executed upon individuals to their great detriment and annoyance.

And while we have seen a growing disposition on the part of that community and especially of their leader, the most potent Joseph Smith, to harrass us, by dragging our citizens from the most remote parts of the county to Nauvoo, to be tried for every petty offence, and when there to be subjected to all the indignities that the said Smith -- the most foul-mouthed blackguard that ever was commissioned by Satan to vex and torment the children of men -- could invent.

And while we have been threatened, vilified and abused in every possible form and manner, insomuch that we are driven to the conclusion that there is no alternative now left us, but the most object and ignominious resistance;

Still we desire to hold ourselves responsible to the laws of the country, so far as they are reasonably administered; and will at all times cheerfully submit to be tried by officers of our immediate vicinage; Yet --

Resolved, That seeing we have been constrained to believe that the authorities of Nauvoo, by a succession of the most extraordinary ordinances that were ever known to be passed by a deliberating body, design to bar themselves against the just and equitable operation of the laws, as well as by many other indications too numerous here to name. We hereby determine and pledge to each other, our sacred honor, and all our substance, so far as it may be needed, to resist every oppression that may be attempted to be imposed upon us, and every indignity that may be offered to any individual or community in this county, or the surrounding counties, by the authorities of Nauvoo, at the point of the bayonet.

Resolved, That we pledge ourselves most solemnly, that we will at all times hold ourselves in readiness to march at a moment's warning, to any point to which we may be called.

Resolved, That each and every one of us will use our influence and our best exertions, to induce those of our immediate neighborhood to engage heartily in the work, by organizing themselves into defensive bodies, that we may be at all times prepared for any emergency.

Resolved, That the editor of the Warsaw Message be requested to publish in his paper the proceedings of this meeting, -- the late ordinances of the City of Nauvoo in relation to the services of process, and the selling of liquors in said city...


The Nauvoo Neighbor, as is usual with that print, on such occassions, comes out with a long rigmarole of untruth, about the affair at Carthage last week, between the citizens and Mormons.

The facts as they occurred, were about as follows: A constable from Nauvoo, went to Carthage on Saturday, and arrested one Milton Cook, on a charge of Bastardy, Before reaching the Justice -- but whetehr before they left Carthage or not, we did not learn -- the prisoner made his escape from the officer. In the mean time, some of the citizens turned out to defend Cook, declaring that he should not be taken to Nauvoo for trial; but offered no resistance to a hearing before any other magistrate. The officer, seeing that he could not succeed in his attempt, returned to the Justice who issued the writ, who summoned 11 men to his assistance. With this reinforcement, he returned on Monday night; when three or four of the party attacked Mr. Bartlett's grocery, in which Cook was supposed to be. They were met at the door with five or six bayonets, firmly grasped; and it appeared that one Mr. Eagel had no more prudence than to rush violently against one of them, and get himself hurt. Thus repulsed, the party retired for the night.

In the morning, it would seem, as by accident, the parties again met at Wilson's store. Considerable confusion and volence prevailed for a moment; when the pistol of Dr. Morrison, as he was attempting to draw it from his pocket, was accidently discharged. The ball, instead of striking one of the officer;s party in the forehead, and glancing off afain, to the imminent danger of the whole -- as the Neighbor has it -- passed very near the Doctor's own head, and lodged in the ceiling! -- No pistol was intentionally fired, and no bayonet plunged at the breast of any of the assailants, during the whole affray.

The combatants now separated; the constable and his posse set out for Nauvoo, declaring that they would return with the Legion, and take the prisoner, or lay the town in ashes!

The above are substantially the facts of the case. We leave our readers to make their own comments.

According to request of the Citizens' Meeting, we publish in this No. several of the Nauvoo Ordinances, tending to show how utterly regardless of all law and right & decency, the authorities of that city can make themselves. One ordinance authorizes marriages without a license; another sets Smith above the license laws of the State, "fir the health and convenience of travelers; another takes all process out of the hands of State officers, and puts it into those of the city; & yer another takes the pardoning power away from the Governor!


Mr. Gregg: -- in your paper published on the 10th inst., we find some remarks on the fifficulties which occured between the Carthagenians and the Mormons on Monday and Tuesday last, in which I think may be seen a strong squinting at a disposition to compromise with that people. Your closing paragraph runs thus:

"As a means of bringing about so desirable a result, we respectfully suggest that a public meeting of all parties be called, to meet at Carthage on as early a day as practicable to take into consideration the grievances and their remedy. What say you, fellow citizens?"

As for one, I say, NO Never!! Just as well might you call upon us to strike hands with Pirates or to compromise with the Powers of Darkness. Who is there amongst us so wanting in discrimination as not to be able to see, that a community constructed as is that at Nauvoo, headed by a leader so destitute of every moral principle, as we know Jo Smith to be, can be trusted? -- obeying a leader most implicitly who in their very midst has committed so long a catalogue of the most adominable acts, of which the imagination of man can conceive; attempting at the same time to cloak all his outrages under the sacred garb of religion, and that too, the pure and holy religion of Jesus Christ! In view of such wonderful presumption, I am constrained to cry out -- "O blasphemous wretch! Who can trust him?" I repeat it most emphatically, "Let no such man be trusted!" I again answer, I can make no compromise with Nauvoo, as a community, while it avows allegiance to the Beast and the False Prophet. If there are those, as you suggest, who would be willing to rid themselves and the country, of the evils growing out of the mad projects of that presumptuous wretch, let them show their faith by works, and come out, and disabuse themselves of the odium which cleaves to them like the fatal shirt of Nessus, and that will suffice me. For I hold that the little philosophy which I can lay claim to, has never yet taught me that when I see a thief, and other partakers with him, that these last can be honest men! No, Sir, I can never compromise with Jo Smith; nor yet with a community who consider his will as their pleasure -- no matter how absurd. And more especially cannot I compromise with Jo Smith, until I shall have seen his inflated vanity and his intoerable audacity humbled and subdued. I have seen too much of his treachery, and felt too much of his dastardly tyranny, when in the plenitude of his power, he expected no resistance. Who, then, in view of such a being, but with the full assurance that so soon as he shall have found himself in a situation to crush them with impunity, that he will not withold his hand for a moment? These are my feelings: They are the feelings of one who presumes to subscribe himself,        --- Hannibal.

Remarks on the Above.

WE are glad that our Query has brought so prompt an answer -- though so unfavorable to our own views. One has spoken, -- and he has spoken, no doubt, the sentiments of many -- and we desire a further expression, on the part of our citizens. Our columns are always open to well tempered articles on a subject so momentous. Again we ask -- Fellow Citizens, what say you?

We acknowledge, that, inview of all the circumstances -- regarding the high state of excitement which has been produced upon the public mind -- the danger there is of collision and bloodshed, and consequent misery and ruin and death, to hundreds of innocent people -- in view of all these things, we have a "strong squinting at compromise." Rather thando worse, we would "strike hands with Pirates, or compromise with the Powers of Darkness" -- so far, at least, as to agree to a system of non-intercourse. We would not compromise with Joe Smith one inch, in the acknowledgement of his right to plunder, and destroy, and tyrannize, and dupe, as he is doing; or that he is any thing short of a demon in human shape, sent to scourge mankind. But we do believe that there are "ten righteous persons in the city" -- yes, fifty times ten -- who are innocent of any intention to do wrong. And, shall they, too, suffer? Shall there be no discrimination made between these, and that ruthless and guilty band, who disregard all law and all right? Shall all be made to suffer alike -- the innocent with the guilty. God forbid!

We see no use in attempting to disguise the fact, that many in our midst contemplate a total extermination of that people; that the thousands of defenceless women and children, aged and infirm, who are congregated at Nauvoo, must be driven out -- aye, DRIVEN -- SCATTERED -- like the leaves before the Autumn blast! But what good citizen, let us ask -- what lover of his country and his race, but contemplates such an event with horror?

Shall not, we would ask -- shall not the olive branch be at least held out to those innocent -- though deluded -- followers of the prophet? Shall not an attempt be made to set them right, in reference to the designs and aims of those, whom they have heretofore been taught to regard as their wirst enemies?

We still persist in the opinion that a compromise may be ebtered into that will do much good; that will, in its operation, entirely stay the work of destruction. And we call upon all our fellow citizens to aid in bringing about such a compromise.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. I.                       Warsaw, Illinois, January 24, 1844.                       No. 45.

Another Appeal.

One of Joe's understarppers, calling himself "Benjamin Andrews," has come out with an apepal to the Lumbermen on the Passamaquoddy, and others of the State of Maine. Cannot the Editor of the Neighbor, or his man Friday, John Greenhorn, give us a touch of the sublime, too, in an appeal to Queen Victoria?

Important to the Locos.

John C. Calhoun can't be president of the Unitwed States! 'Cause viz: Joe Smith has declared against him.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. I.                       Warsaw, Illinois, January 31, 1844.                       No. 46.


Mr. Gregg: -- I have been a silent observer of what has been done and said fro some time, though not feeling myself qualified to say anything that would be profitable on the important subjects before the people. Notwithstanding, I see you invite the attention of people to the question of Compromise; & as an old citizen, whose rights and liberties have been tramplled under foot, and who loves and highly esteems the old citizens of this county, I feel opposed to a compromise in any shape whatever.

We notice an article in your paper of the 10th inst., in which you say: "We feel sure that a majority even of his most firm supporters would prefer peace and quietness to rapine and violence." Now, sir, I do not know what ground yopu have to think so; we see and know, that those very individuals will go any length -- even they will hazzard their lives -- for Jose and his measures.

Our conclusions have been the result of deliberate reflection, not made in frenzied excitement; and those reflections, are briefly these: that, as a people, we have every reason to look upon them as a band of knaves, or highway robbers, who, as I said, are willing to hazard their lives to carry out what you call Joe's hellish designs; and as a proof of this, let us notice many of their publications, among which is a statement of the Carthage difficulty, made by Markham, a man in whom they say they can rely; which statement we pronounce basely false. And that is not all; we see that by their knavish and tyrannical conduct, they have been compelled to leave every place they have lived in yet, except this; and from their conduct here, I think they deserve to live among no civilized people.

If there are as many innocent ones as you suppose, as "Hannibal" says, "let them show their faith by their works;" though I confess your faith in their innocence is just "fifty times ten" as strong as mine. I think when I speak my sentiments, I speak the sentiments of many citizens. So we say anything but compromise, until they humble themselves, and bring forth fruits worthy of repentance.

If you think this worthy a place in your columns, you are welcome to the same, after correction [of] such errors as you may see fit.

I have the honor to subscribe myself a
                                FARMER'S GUARD.
        Jan. 22, 1844.

Remarks by the Editor.

We do not know whether to understand our correspondent as advocating the system of expeling or not: but that he is vastly mistaken in his views, as to the number of persons among the Mormons innocent of crime, is perfectly clear. Admit, if he please, that they are a "band of knaves and robbers." that is not decisive that all who reside at Nauvoo are deserving of punishment. By no means. One half of the adult population of that city are females, who necessarily associate themselves with their husbands, fathers and brothers. How are those to come out from among their natural protectors, and "show their faith by their works?" What would our correspondent do with these? Probably one half of the whole population of the city, is children under the age of seven or ten years -- not responsible in law for their own acts; and would our friends make them responsible for those of their guilty fathers? We blush for our country, and for the age in which we live, to be compelled to denounce such odious -- such fearful doctrines!

We will go as far as any one, in bringing the real criminals to justice, by the force of the LAW: beyond this we cannot go! The shield, as well as the sword, is its emblem. While it punishes [the] guilty, it must also protect the innocent.

One word more. The verdict of the American people will ever be against those who resort to force to effect their purposes. It ever has been, and is now so. We rejoice that it is the case; and hope that it ever may continue to be so.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. I.                       Warsaw, Illinois, February 7, 1844.                       No. 47.


In another part of this sheet, comes to us post marked "Nauvoo." It is not perfect in versification, but contains some hits at the Prophet, his Apostles, and their practices, which most readers will understand.

Sir: If you see proper you may publish the enclosed verses in your papers; they are a true "twitting on facts," vut so much the more necessity for publishing them, for it is time that all hould know that there are hundreds and thousands in Nauvoo who will neither worship the image nor bear the yoke of the tyrant.

Buckey's Lamentations for the Want of More Wives.

I once thought I had knowledge great,
    But now I find 'tis small;
I once thought I'd Religion too,
    But now I find I've none at all --
For I have but One lone wife,
    And can obtain no more;
And the doctrine is, I can't be saved,
    Unless I've half a score!.

The NARROW GATE that Peter kept,
    In ages long ago,
Is locked and barred since he gave up
    The keys to BEARDLESS Jo.
And Jo proclaims it is too small,
    And causes great delay,
And that he has permission got
    To open the BROAD WAY.

The Narrow gate did well enough
    When Peter, James and John,
Did lead the Saints on Zion-ward
    In SINGLE FILE along;
When bachelors, like good old Paul,
    Could win the glorious prize
    Reach "mansions in the skies."

But we have other teaching now,
    Of great glories far;
How a SINGLE GLORY'S nothing more
    Than some lone twinkling star.
The TWO-FOLD glory's like the moon,
    That shines so bright at night,
Reflecting from her gracious Lord
    Whatever he thinks right.

A TENFOLD glory -- that's the prize!
    Without it you're undone!
But with it you will shine as bright
    As the bright shining sun.
There you may shine like mighty Gods,
    Creating worlds so fair --
At least a WORLD for every WIFE
    That you take with you there.

The man that has got ten fair wives,
    TEN worlds may create;
And he that has got less than this,
    Will find a bitter fate.
The one or two that he might have,
    He'll be deprived of then;
And they'll be given as TALENTS were
    To him who has got TEN.

And 'tis so here, in this sad life --
    Such ills you must endure --
Some priest or king,* may claim your wife
    Because that you are poor.
A REVELATION he may get --
    Refuse it if you dare!
And you'll be damned perpetually,
    By our good Lord the Mayor.

But if that you yield willingly,
    Your daughters and your wives,
In spiritual marriage to our POPE,
    He'll bless you all your lives;
He'll seal you up, be damned you can't,
    No matter what you do --
If that you only stick to him,
    He swears HE'LL take you through."

He'll lead you on through the broad gate,
    Which he has opened wide --
In SOLID COLUMNS you shall march,
    And enter side by side.
And no delay you'll meet with there,
    But "forward march" you shall; --
For he's not only our LORD Mayor
    But Lord Lieutenant Gene-RAL.

This is the secret doctrine taught
    By Joe and the red rams --
Although in public they deny --
    But then 'tis all a sham.
They fear the indignation just,
    Of those who have come here,
With hands that's clean and honest hearts
    To serve the Lord in fear.

Thus, all the TWELVE do slyly teach,
    And slyly practice too;
    Wont have untied his shoe;
For sure, 'twould be quite impolite,
    If not a great disgrace,
To have a WIDOW sister fair
    Spit in a Prophet's face!

But Jo at snaring beats them all
    And at the rest does laugh;
For widows poor, and orphan girls,
    He can ensnare with chaff.
He sets his snares around for all, --
    And very seldom fails
To catch some thoughtless PARTRIDGES,
    SNOW-birds or KNIGHT-ingales!

But there are a hundred other birds
    He never can make sing;
Who wont be dragged to hell.
    By prophet, priest nor king.
Whose sires have bled in days gone by,
    For their dear country's cause;
And who will still maintain its rights,
    Its liberty and laws!

* B[righam] Y[oung] & O[rson] H[yde]



Another Mormon Outrage.

To the Editor of the Warsaw Message:

Dear Sir: -- Through the columns of your Journal, I wish to make a full and fair statement of an occurrence with myself and the Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, in Nauvoo. I beg your indulgence while I give the particulars, as I wish it to go to the world in its true color.

On the 17th day of last month, I was waited on by a Mr. Roundy of Nauvoo, at Mr. Davis' store, of that place, with a request to go immediately to see the Prophet at his own house as he had some important business with me. I asked him if he knew what was wanting -- He said he did not. I went with him to see what the prophet wanted. On arriving there we were told that he was gone to his farm in the country. He then requested me to go and see a Mr. Phelps who was his clerk; he in all probability could tell what was wanting. On seeing Phelps he could tell nothing about the business I was sent for. I then went to the Steam Boat Hotel, where I board: got my dinner, and was returning to my business in Dr. R. D. Foster's office, near the temple. On my way I was again met by this Mr. Roundy, who informed me that the prophet had left the business with a Col. Dunham to attend to, and that he was at the office waiting for me, and wished me to call and see him immediately. I again asked if he knew what he wanted; he assured me he did not know. We went to the office. Dunham was not there; after waiting and looking for Dunham about one hour I told him I could stay no longer. Said he "wait a few minutes longer, I have sent for Dunham, and I see the man I sent running across the street, he no doubt sees him and will he here with him in a few minutes." Accordingly I waited some 20 or 30 minutes; they did not appear, and I told him I must leave, that he might tell Dunham he could find me in Dr. Foster's office any time that evening. I was in the act of leaving, when he said -- "If you cannot stay any longer I must inform you that I must detain you in behalf of the people of the State of Illinois." I asked him why he did not tell me so at first, and not trifle with me in that way; and where is your authority and what am I detained for? He replied that he had no precept -- that he was a police officer -- and by the city ordinances he could take me as well without as with a precept; and that I was accused of an attempt to murder and rob Mr. Badham, who resides some five or six miles from the city, on the Carthage road; and that the prophet (Mayor) had told him that morning to arrest me. I enquired who had made the complaint. He said [he] was at Esq. Johnson's office, (it was now 3 o'clock P. M.) and asked for the papers. He (Johnson) showed me a blank affidavit and warrant, and said he got word to make out those papers this morning, and a Mr. Dunham had just left the office to find a man that would swear to it; and if he could not find him, he would return and swear to it himself. I remarked, that if Dunham could hire a man to swear a d----d lie, he would do so, but if not, he would do it himself.

By this time there had several called to see the prisoner. I spoke freely about the proceedings, and the power usurped by the prophet; which did not relish so well. The prophet was brought to set matters right. He told me why he had me apprehended; that he had been told I was the man, and he thought it his duty as a Mayor to have me tried; and that they had a right to take a man without a writ in that city; and said he "Mr. Sympson, you know that I am a man that keeps nothing back. Mr. Badham has seen you, and says that you are the identical man that stabbed and robbed him; and sent me word to have you apprehended -- which I have done."

I was held in duress until seven o'clock, or a little after that time. Neither Dunham nor the man he went after had as yet returned. The Prophet Smith, then made an affidavit that he verily believed I was the man who stabbed and robbed Mr. Badham, on or about the tenth of December last. The warrant was issued and served at half past seven o'clock, P. M. We then went to trial. R. D. Foster, Esq., was called to assist Esq. Johnson. Mr. and Mrs. Badham and the Prophet, Joseph Smith, were sworn in behalf of the State. --

Mr. Badham was examined first.

Question -- Would you know the man, were you to see him, that stabbed and robbed you?
Answer -- I would. Col. Higbee, Esq., pointed out to him, and asked, Is that the Man?

Answer -- No, nor nothing like him!

I then asked him if he had ever seen me before. He said he had no recollection of ever having seen me. I asked him if he had sent the Prophet word that he had seen me, and that I was the man who had committed the act, and he wanted me apprehended.

Answer -- I NEVER DID!

Mrs. Badham testified that I was not the man, and did not resemble him in the least. His holiness, the prophet, came next, and requested to tell his own story, without any question being asked. After he had got through, I remarked to the court that I wanted to propound a few questions to the witness. Leave was granted.

Q. Have you the smallest particle of belief whatever, at this time, that I am the man who committed the act with which I am charged?
A. No, sir, I have not now, and I never had!

Q. Why did you swear it in your affidavit?
A. I did not!

I replied -- you did, sir. He said he had not. I again told him he did. The affidavit was then read, and he too plainly saw that the affidavit did not agree with his evidence in the case. Said he, extending his hand towards Esq. Johnson, who had just read the affidavit, -- Give me that paper. The court hesitated. He asked for it again: he said he had a right to it; that it was his, and that it was couched in stronger language than he had intended to swear to.

Mr. Higbee, my attorney, said he hoped the court would not give [it] up; that it was a part of the record, and that he (Smith) had no right to it.

Smith then said that he had not sworn to it; that he had signed it, but the oath was not administered to him. (This is with him and his Justice, Esq. Johnson.)

Smith went on to say that what he had done was to befriend me -- that he knew I would be honorably acquitted, and that I would stand fairer than I ever did!!!! (The Lord deliver me from such friends!)

I was now discharged by the magistrates.

I thin informed Esq. Johnson that I wanted a copy of the papers, and asked him to make out a copy and certify them; he reluctantly consented to do so. After calling several times for the papers, he told me I could not get them. I asked his reasons for not giving me a copy, and he replied that it was not necessary to give me his reasons.

I intended to have the papers published, & I have no doubt but his reasons are that they do not want the public to see them; but I hope to bring those papers to light at some future time.

In the foregoing I have given a fair, full, and unvarnished statement of facts as they occurred, and ask a candid perusal of a reflecting community. As to the injury it can do me, where I am known I disregard it. But I know not where I am to be thrown, and should I ever be pointed out as one who was once tried for an attempt to murder and rob [in] Illinois, I entreat you be not hasty in condemning me, as it is too common in this country. In my native state of Kentucky, where I was raised, no man who knows me, would for one instant believe it. Nor do I believe for one moment that there is a man in Illinois, or elsewhere, who knows me, can for one moment entertain a doubt as to my innocence. No -- not even immaculate prophet himself! Where was I accused and tried. In Nauvoo. Who by? Why by a man professing to be a prophet of the Lord, Joseph Smith. Look for one moment at his evidence in the case; first state in his affidavit that he verily believes I am the man that committed the act -- and 3 hours afterwards swear before a court of equity that he did not believe it then and never believed it! Is not this enough of itself?

I have but a single request to make to the public -- and it is this: -- Examine and investigate the transaction, and then decide as to the probability of the charge made by Smith, my accuser. Do this, and I fear not the result. I intend the whole matter shall be investigated in a legal tribunal. We must know that he is not to swear what he pleases and pass with impunity. A Prophet as he pretends to be, he must walk up to tract.
Yours,         ALEX. SYMPSON.                  

Anti-Mormon Meeting.

The citizens of Warsaw Precinct are respectfully requested to meet at the Church in Warsaw, on SATURDAY EVENING, the 10th instant, (this week,) for the purpose of taking into consideration a proposition made by the Central Anti-Mormon Committee of the County of Hancock, and to take such other steps as the exigencies of the case require.

          Thos. C. Sharp,
          Wm. N. Grover,
          Henry Stephens.

          Precinct Committee.
Feb. 5, 1844.


We are not willing, brother Joe, to leave the station we have ocupied for a year past, and in which it has been our duty to hold up your deformities occasionally to the public gaze, without giving you, in the kindest feeling, a few words of parting advice. It shall be gratis -- and therefore the more valuable: At any rate, our fee shall not exceed what you charge to marry a brother and sister for Eternity; and we think the service will be of quite as much value.

Be an honest man, Joe! Steeped up to the very eyes in sin, as you have been from your cradle up -- deep, disgusting, foul, lothesome, soul-destroying sin -- it is yet in your power, as we verily believe, by a long process of purgation and purification, to make [a] tolerably decent man of yourself. This will be disputed by many. But we are more charitable than some of our neighbors, and verily believe it. At least in the language of the Irishman -- "If you can't be dacent be as dacent as you can." But it will be no mean labor: it will require years of penitence, in sackcloth and ashes -- but then you can accomplish it. You are strong and robust and have sufficient mental and physical energy tp carry you through, if you shall undertake it in the proper spirit. Try it then.

Now Joe, that you have been a lazy, good-for-nothing vagabond, all the days of your life, your own conscience (if you have any left) will tell you. That you have been the ruin of hundreds of your fellow beings, men, women, and children; -- that you have been the means of sending many of your fellows into Eternity unprepared -- that you have robbed the widow and the orphan of their sixpence, and the honest laborer of his daily earnings -- the rich man of his hoarded gainl -- that you have violate the sanctuary of private life -- despoiled female virtue and innocence, and destroyed conjugal felicity; -- that you harbored the thief and robber -- directed the hand of the assassin and murder, and aided their escape from justice; -- that you have, under the garb of a Saint, done the work of a Demon -- in other words, "stolen the livery of Heaven to serve the Devil ;" that you have done all this, and a hundred times more, you need none other than that same inward monitor to tell you.

Knowing, as you must, Joe, the relation in which your black-hearted crimes and Heaven-daring blasphemies place you before God, we charge you that it is now high time that you should begin to repent in order to avert His impending vengeance. You are now near 40 years of age, and it will require all the remaining years of a life of four score and ten, to place you in the same moral position you occupied at the outset of your desparate career. You know, too, the position you occupy before your fellow men. You know that you are despised, and hated and loathed, by nineteen twentieths of all who have ever heard of your name and deeds; and all the "Appeals" that you and your understrappers can make to the sympathies of your fellow citizens, between this and the day in which you shall "shake off this mortal coil," will not change your position before them.

And more -- you cannot expect it to continue much longer in your courses of infamy and crime. Depend upon it, the day of retribution cannot be far distant, for at least some of your misdeeds. If the vengeance of the law shall overtake you, and stretch you up as quick as lightning to the gallows, and thus end your career, rest assured that individual vengeance will! Do you think that, of all the men, women and children you have so foullu wronged, that no one will be so bold as to avenge their own wrongs? be a prophet nor the son of a prophet -- yet we tell you that your career of infamy cannot continue but a little longer! Your days are numbered! The handwriting is upon the wall!

Come, now, brother Joe. Let us entreat you to begin the work of reparation. Begin it now, for you have much to do; the job is a hard one! Divide out again among the widows and the orphans whom you have beggared, [in] your knavery, the thousands you filched from their hard earnings; pay back those sums of money you have borrowed of your followers, and for which they have for years been whistling; dispoil the oxen and baptismal font of their trappings, and buy shoes and stockings for the ragged urchins of your streets; and tear down your Temple and of its materials build a hospital for the innocent victims of your ambition and licentiousness. These done, and you will have made some atonement for your past life. Until then, Joe, we shall remain as, ever, all but "your friend and most obedient servant."

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 1.                   Warsaw, Illinois, February 14, 1844.                  No. 118.

[Governor Ford's address to]
the Citizens of Hancock country, Mormons and all.

                  SPRINGFIELD, January 29, 1844.

DEAR SIR: -- I have received the copy of the proceeding and resolutions of a meeting of the citizens of Hancock County, which you did me the honor to send me.

I have observed with regret that occasions have been presented for disturbing the peace of your county; and if I knew what I could legally do to apply a corrective, I would be very ready to do it. But if you are a lawyer, or at all conversant with the law, you will know that I, as a Governor, have no right to interfere in your difficulties.

As yet, I believe that there has been nothing like war among you: and I hope that all of you will have the good sense to see the necessity of preserving peace. If there is anything wrong in the Nauvoo charters, or in the mode of administering them, you will see that nothing short of legislative or judicial power is capable of enforcing a remedy.

I myself had the honor of calling the attention of the Legislature to this subject at the last session; but a large majority of both political parties in that body either did not see the evil which you complain of, or, if they did, they repeatedly refused to correct it. And yet a call is made upon me to do that which all parties refused to do at the last session.

I have also been called upon to take away the arms from the Mormons, to raise the militia to arrest a supposed fugitive, and in fact to repeal some of the ordinances of the City of Nauvoo.

Hancock County is justly famed for its intelligence; and I cannot believe that any of its citizens are so ignorant as not to know that I have no power to do these things.

The absurd and preposterous nature of these requests give some color to the charge that they are made for political effect only. I hope that this charge is untrue; for, in all candor, it would be more creditable to those concerned to have their errors attributed to ignorance than to a disposition to embroil the country in the horrors of war for the advancement of party ends.

But if there should be any truth in the charge, (which God forbid.) I affectionately entreat all the good citizens engaged in it to lay aside their designs and yield up their ears to the voice of justice, reason, and humanity. All that I can do at present is to admonish both parties to beware of carrying matters to extremity.

Let it come to this -- let a state of war ensue, and I will be compelled to interfere with executive power. In that case also, I wish, in a friendly, affectionate, and candid manner, to tell the citizens of Hancock County, Mormons and all, that my interference will be against those who shall be the first transgressors.

I am bound by the laws and Constitution to regard you all as citizens of the State, possessed of equal rights and privileges, and to cherish the rights of one as dearly as the rights of another. I can know no distinction among you except that of assailant and assailed.

I hope, dear sir, you will do me the favor to publish this letter in the papers of your county, for the satisfaction of all persons concerned.

I am, with the highest respect,

         Your obedient servant,
         THOMAS FORD.

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 2.                   Warsaw, Illinois, February 21, 1844.                  No. 119.

The Nauvoo  Charter.

Much has been said in this community, in relation to the Nauvoo Charter -- one party contending violently, for its repeal, and others, urging that the Charter is in itself unobjectionable -- and that a repeal would be attended with no beneficial effect. As for ourselves, we are of the opinion that the existence of these chartered privileges in the Mormons, is one of the most fruitful causes of the animosity existing between them, and the Old Citizens. As much interest has been manifested on this subject, we propose in this article to present what we conceive to be a proper view of the case.

We have found in conversation with intelligent individuals, that doubts exist, as to the right of the Legislature to repeal this Charter. They urge it would be an interference with vested rights -- and to repeal it, although beneficial, in this case, would be deleterious as a precedent. Now, this argument is based entirely on ignorance of the distinction which exists between the various kinds of Corporations....

But there is another view of the case. We hold that the Mormons have transcended their chartered powers -- knowing that they had no shadow of authority for the passage of many of their ordinances. Some however, pretend to believe that these ordinances were passed because the Mormons did not understand the true limitation and provisions of their Charter. Now we hold it to be an incontrovertible maxim that "we should not give the sword to knaves, or power to fools." If the Mormons knowingly and knavishly transcend the limits of their Charter, using it for purposes not contemplated by the Legislature -- converting the bread that was given for their nourishment into a stone wherewith to wound their benefactors, would it not be just as reputable to grant chartered privileges to a band of blacklegs or horse-thieves as to such men? On the other hand if the Mormons are not capable of understanding their charter -- so stupid that they cannot comprehend the "King's English," would it not be quite as sensible for the Legislature to grant extensive corporate powers to a band of idiots, or babes, who are utterly incapable of construing them, and whose blundering would be a source of annoyance to all who happened to be so unfortunate as to live in their vicinity. Take which horn of this dilemma that you please. If the Mormons have palpably transcended their corporate powers, they have either done it knavishly or because they are to great fools to understand them. Who would wish to give extensive corporate power to knaves? None! How much more sensible then is it, to give them to fools. Trust not a knave, for he may injure you for his own benefit. Trust not a fool, for like the Indian's white man he is very "unsartin,"

There is but one way to evade this dilemma, and that is by assuming (terrible assumption) that the Mormons are neither knaves or fools, that they have exercised no power but what is rightfully delegated to them by their Charter. Well then, if they have power under their Charter, to pass such ordinances, as some that have emanated from their Council, we say that such privileges should not be delegated to any body of men, in any civilized community. If the Mormons have these powers we have a sovereignty within a sovereignty -- the creature having power to annul the laws of the creator.

TO JO SMITH -- Prophet -- Candidate for the Presidency -- Mayor of the City of Nauvoo -- Lieutenant General of the Legion -- President of the Church -- Tavern Keeper -- Grog Bruiser -- &c., &c.

Sir: Understanding that you are a candidate for the highest office within the gift of the People, we claim as the unalienable right of an American Citizen to ask you a few questions, as regards the policy which you, as "His Excellency, the President of the United States," will pursue.

Well Jo! if you should be so fortunate as to be elected President of the United States, what would you do with the State of Missouri? Would you pluck out the eyes of her soverignty? Or would you take her up in your expanded arms, and giant-like stride across the Western Prairies -- leap the Rocky Mountains and hurl her headlong into the angry Pacific, there to remain until purged of every Anti-Mormon sin? Or Jo, would you Xerxes-like muster your myriads, and every man armed with a hoop-pole, march across the icy bridge in winter time, and give her Sovereign Highness, a most transcendent drubbing?

From the manner in which you write to J. C. Calhoun, we conclude that you had some design of chastising Missouri, and we would like to know how you are going to do it, and so no doubt would the people of that State.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 3.                   Warsaw, Illinois, February 28, 1844.                  No. 120.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 4.                   Warsaw, Illinois, March 6, 1844.                  No. 121.


The Quincy Whig and the Mormons. -- The Quincy Whig has taken the true position in relation to Mormonism. In the last number the Editor discourses as follows:

"Some of our Mormon friends, or rather acquaintenances, we suppose we should should call them, are exceedingly wrathy, because we published an article in our last paper from the New York Tribune, reflecting in somewhat severe terms, upon the leaders of the Mormons. We are sorry that we cannot please them -- but having made up our mind to publish all that the cause of truth demands, in exposition of Smith's blasphemy, hypocrisy, and political proceedings, generally, whenever we deem it necessary and proper, to the public good, we shall not turn aside from our duty in consequence of the frowns or threats of any one or dozen men. We have no religious or sectarian prejudices to gratify, in exposing the conduct of the Mormon leaders. We should pursue the same course towards any other denomination calling themselves Christians, were the leaders of the same guilty of attempting to unite religious and political power together, under the control and at the behest of a leader whose morals as a religious teacher, as a politician, as an official magistrate, and as a man, were of so doubtful and questionable a character as Smith's. When such a man has influence in the land, and is leading thousands of perhaps honest, though deluded individuals, into a position that must bring upon them misrey, wretchedness, and a thousand other ills, it is time for the press to speak out, and expose the knavery and hypocrisy of such a man. We shall not, of course, devote much of our paper to the Mormon controversy, now raging in Hancock county, but we shall on necessary occasions publish such matter, referring thereto, as will best, as we believe, serve the cause of truth, humanity, and the rights of other citizens. This, Mormons, and all others may rely upon.

"We are informed at a church meeting of this people in our city, on Sunday last, one or two of their speakers took the opportunity to denounce our paper in the strongest language, for publishing the article referred to above. This was hardly in the character of Christians, as they claim to be. If they were "persecuted." as they assert, the good book teaches them to bear all such things with patience and an enduring spirit -- instead of induging in wrathy denunciations, and exhibiting a bitter and vindictive feeling. This last is too much in the character of Mahomet, such as their leader desires to be, if he only had the men and money."

==> Why do you dignify the Mormons by taking any notice of them? is the question asked by a certain class of individuals. Well, why do you dignify a thief by taking notice of him? He is a poor, good for nothing, low-lived blackguard; why are you so undignified as to say one word in relation to his acts? Let him alone, don't speak of him, for fear that you will contaminate yourself.

Now, as for ourselves. We regard Jo. Smith, personally and individually, as beneath our contempt, but as the leader of an organized band, having power to inflict great mischief, we look on him as a dangerous and powerful man, whose actions should be watched, and closely scrutinized. If he has the power to injure us, and minifests the disposition to exercise that power...[we must take] a defensive posture, and in doing this we must regulate our movements by the actions of our common foe.


(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 5.                   Warsaw, Illinois, March 13, 1844.                  No. 122.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 6.                   Warsaw, Illinois, March 20, 1844.                  No. 123.


                                                For the Warsaw Signal.
Mr. Editor: --

In all probability, you have heard of the existence of a body in Nauvoo City, called the "High Council," whose business it is to investigate all the affairs that concern the church, to try all offenders against the laws of said church, and punish accordingly. Of course, this court is considered by the members, to use the words of Mr. Dillon, in his history of the Inquisition, the most just, correct and holy of all others. I had often heard of this court, and my curiosity was aroused to see it, and I had the fortune to have it perfectly satisfied in the following manner. Being in that city, last December, I heard considerable talk of the doctrine of Spiritual Wives, which doctrine, I find has been, and is now being taught to a great extent in that place, the proofs of which are daily presenting themselves, but in what shape, I shall leave you to determine.

Being compelled to remain in that city on account of the closing of the river, I was happy to learn that there was to be a trial of one of their Priests, not for teaching said doctrine, but for teaching it too publicly. Accordingly on the day of the trial, I repaired to the council chamber and by good luck, obtained a seat, the room being crowded to excess. It was with much difficulty that I could learn the names of all concerned, but shall endeavor to give them as correct as possible: but previous to my going farther, I will say, that before this occurrence transpired, I cared little or nothing about their creed, consequently was not carried away, as other[s] are against them, on account of their faith; and therefore I watched their proceedings strictly, but without prejudice. But it was impossible to be there long, without seeing that it was fixed and settled between Smith and the accused (the trial merely being got up for effect,) that it should all be blown over. The parties concerned, as near as I could find out, were, Joseph Smith, complainant, Harrison Sagers, defendant, and the two principal witnesses were, Lucy Sagers, wife of the said Sagers, and her sister, Miss Mason, to whom he had been teaching this doctrine for the last two years; which fact was clearly proven, and would have been satisfactory to any court but such an accursed Inquisition as this. The evidence here produced, is of too black and despicable a nature to be described; and had the accused been dealt with according to his crime, he would have been divested of his office, as priest, and cut off from the church. As is common, however, in all cases of importance, that come before this tribunal, instead of meeting his just deserts, after a short address from the Prophet, which was more to screen himself and brother, than to chastize, the said Sagers was discharged by the Prophet, notwithstanding the suit was brought before the said High Council; and that body did not act officially on that subject, no vote being taken. I must say that a more ungallant speech than that of the Prophet, was never spoken in the presence of females -- in fact, so lewd and lascivious, that it was with difficulty that I could sit still and hear it. I would say more, but my time is short, and I am afraid I have occupied too much of your columns already; but if you should think this worthy of notice, I will give you a more full account at a future period, but shall now close, subscribing myself yours, &c.

(under construction)

Note 1: According to Mormon sources, on Apr. 13, 1844, A charge was preferred against Harrison Sagers for teaching spiritual wife doctrine and neglecting his family, which was handed over to the High Council to act upon. LDS History of the Church, VI:333; cf. Nauvoo Expositor, June 7, 1844: "Whereas my husband, the Rt. Rev. W. H. Harrison Sagers, Esq., has left my bed and board without cause or provocation, this is to notify the public not to harbor or trust him on my account, as I will pay no debts of his contracting. More anon. Lucinda Sagers."

Note 2: An earlier (Nov. 25, 1843) problem with Priest Harrison Sagers is recorded in LDS History of the Church, VI:81: "In the evening the High Council sat on the case of Harrison Sagers, charged with seduction, and having stated that I had taught it was right. Charge not sustained. I was present with several of the Twelve, and gave an address tending to do away with every evil, and exhorting them to practice virtue and holiness before the Lord; told them that the Church had not received any permission from me to commit fornication, adultery, or any corrupt action; but my every word and action has been to the contrary. If a man commit adultery, he cannot receive the celestial kingdom of God. Even if he is saved in any kingdom, it cannot be the celestial Kingdom. I did think that the many examples that have been made manifest, such as John C. Bennett's and others, were sufficient to show the fallacy of such a course of conduct. I condemned such actions in toto, and warned the people present against committing such evils; for it will surely bring a curse upon any person who commits such deeds."


NS No. 7.                   Warsaw, Illinois, March 27, 1844.                  No. 124.


(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 8.                   Warsaw, Illinois, April 3, 1844.                  No. 125.


(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 9.                   Warsaw, Illinois, April 10, 1844.                  Whole 126.

(news from Nauvoo -- under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 10.                   Warsaw, Illinois, April 17, 1844.                   Whole 127.

(news from Nauvoo -- under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 11.                   Warsaw, Illinois, April 24, 1844.                   Whole 128.

Why Oppose the Mormons?

The Alton Telegraph is making some rather complimentary remarks, in relation to our paper, regrets the course which we pursue in relation to the Mormons, and expresses the opinion, that it is the duty of the press to allay, as far as possible, the excitement against that people. Now Mr. Telegraph, you know but little of the circumstances by which the people of this County are surrounded -- you know nothing of the repeated insults and injuries received by our citizens from the Heads of the Mormon Church -- you know nothing of the manner in which the laws are trampled under foot, and evaded by the Mormons, and thry screened from their just operations behind a set of sham city ordinances -- you know nothing of the baits held out, wherewith the more gullible portion of Joe's followers, are induced to take up their residence in Nauvoo, and then of the manner in which they are fleeced of their all, and reduced to beggary -- you know nothing of the iron rod by which Jo controls his followers; with threats of violence quieting the discontented, and by every species of tyranny restraining the liberty of the tongue and person. -- We say Mr. Telegraph, you can know nothing of these things, or you could not undertake to lecture us, for endeavoring to expose such a gang of outlaws, blacklegs and bloodsuckers.

It is a fact, that can be substantiated by the most unimpeachable testimony, that the discontented spirits in Nauvoo, dare not speak or write one word against the Prophet without risking their lives. And even those who have left the Church will hint of iniquities, which they dare not proclaim.

It can be proven that there are men in Nauvoo, who have publicly said that should Jo Smith command them to commit murder, they should do it without compunction, believing that the command of Smith is the will of Heaven.

It can be proven that some of Smith's principal supporters, and confidential friends, are among the basest seducers, and violators of female virtue -- that Smith himself has aided these villains to accomplish their unholy designs; and unscrupulously averred that he acted from the impulse of Heaven's dictation, while endeavoring to rob virtuous females of their chastity.

It can be proven that one of Joe Smith's bosom friends has been guilty of passing counterfeit money; knowing it to be such, having been detected in the act of brightening it, in order to give it currency.

It can be proven that William W. Phelps, who swore that Smith and his clan were guilty, in Missouri, of deeds black as ever were conceived in the brain of Satan himself, is now the bosom friend, and confidential clerk of the Prophet -- thus proving one of two things; either that Smith has a perjured villan for his most intimate associate, or that he himself has been guilty of acts that would disgrace Nero.

It can be proven that Jo Smith has knocked down a quiet and peaceful citizen of the county because as an officer he was not afraid to do his duty; and then screened himself from just punishment of the law, by a sham trial amongst his minions.

It can be proven, that repeatedly, Smith has been wrested from the officers of the law, and the law set at defiance, its officers insulted and mal-treated by his willing catspaws -- the Municipal Court of Nauvoo.

It can be proven, that Smith swore that he believed a respectable citizen guilty of murder; thus subjecting him to a degrading and insulting investigation; while at the same time, not one particle of evidence could be produced against him -- not even a shadow on which to found a suspicion.

It can be proven, that Smith and his coadjutors have propogated the doctrine, that a man may hace spiritual wives -- thus by a cunning stroke of priest-craft, throwing wide open the door for every species of licentiousness, that can disgrace, or degrade a community.

It can be proven, that many of the leaders in Nauvoo, have spiritual wives, by which means, females have been so debased, as unblushingly to boast of their connection with Mormon Elders, and with pride point to the fathers of their illegitimate offspring.

In addition to these, it is a notorious fact, that, the city council of Nauvoo, acting under the direction of Jo Smith, have at sundry times, passed a set of ordinances intended to screen the inhabitants of Nauvoo, from the operation of the State laws -- requiring all criminal process to be endorsed by Smith, acting as Mayor, before it can be executed in the city -- threatening state officers, (although commanded by a State Warrant,) who go to Nauvoo, to arrest Smith, or any other person, for acts committed in Missouri, with imprisonment for life -- subjecting all persons who visited Nauvoo, either on business, or otherwise to an annoying examination by the police officers of the city, and if their impertenent questions are not answered satisfactorily they are to be taken up as vagrants and vagabonds -- repealing the Marriage License Laws of the State, so far as Nauvoo is concerned, and substituting instead an ordinance of the city, whereby no license for marriage is required -- giving the Municipal Court the power to issue the writ of Habeas Corpus, in all cases whereby the inhabitants of the city, shall be arrested under the Laws of the State.

These are only a part of the flagrant outrages on decency, --- rights of other citizens, committed on Holy brotherhood at Nauvoo. And Mr. Telegraph, with these facts staring in the face, can you blame us for opposition to this unholy clan; even if the opposition does produce excitement? If so, you are to blame for exposing blacklegs, counterfeitors, and thieves.

CHURCH AND STATE. -- In the last Nauvoo Neighbor we find a long list of the names of Elders of the Churches in the different states of the Union; at the conclusion of which, they are instructed in these words, to "preach the truth in righteousness, and present before the people, "General Joseph Smith's views of the powers and policy of the General Government," and seek diligently to get up electors who will go for him for the Presidency," That's it Jo! "Preach the truth in righteousness, and go for Presidency. That is Mormonism disguised. First preach the gospel, and thereby gull the people, and then fleece them of their money, or induce them to elevate me to office." -- That is the sum and substance of all your teachings. Ain't it Joe.

CONSPIRACY IN NAUVOO. -- In the late Neighbor, we find two affidavits charging certain prominent individuals in the Holy City, with being implicated in conspiracy against the Prophet. It will be recollected that the persons against whom the charge was made are those who have lately rendered themselves obvious to his majesty, by their discontent, and independence of the threats of the powers that be. We have no doubt but that those charges are made for the purpose of a legal formula. We trust however, that they will stand their ground, and neither suffer themselves to be cowed by threats or gulled into a compromise of their liberty of speech and action. Let Joe dare to harm one of them, and he will awaken a spirit to which resistance will be useless.

Joe Smith and the Globe.

In the last Neighbor, Jo has a lengthy reply to the remarks of the Globe, on his views "Of the Powers and Policy of the General Government." In the preface he very modestly speaks of himself thus, "I rarely reply to the many remarks, sayings and speculations upon me and my plans, which seem to agitate the world, for like the showers upon the verdure of the earth, they give me vigor, beauty and expansion."

Jo, then goes on to describe the kind of a man, worthy to be elected to the presidency, and as he is an aspirant for that office, it may be regarded as Joe's opinion of himself, "When a man occupies a station in his country, which ought to be sustained with dignity; and which should be filled by a friend and a patriot of the nation, too wise to be cozened by counterfeit principle; too great to blur his fame with sophistry; too proud to stoop to the vanity that is momently wasting the virtue of the Government; and too good to act the hypocrite to accumulate wealth or frustrate the ends and aims of justice."

We have no room for any firther comment on this choice production of Jo's but we cannot refrain from treating our readers to the following choice poetical morceau: --

Hail Columbia, 'free and equal' --
Lo, the saints, the Mormons, bless ye;
Felt thy glory most severely,
When Missouri gave them jesse.
No Jo, we were aware that you were a great statesman, jurist, and General; but we never before knew that you were a poet. This, however, is now settled; and hereafter you will not only rank with Cicero, Burk, Coke, Alexander, Caesar, Hanibal, and Napolean, but your name shall be registered on the tablets of fame, by the side of Homer, Shakespeare, Milton and Byron.

==> By request of many friends, we to-day re-publish "Buckeye's Lament," and Mr. Simpson's statement from the Warsaw Message. The number of the Message containing these articles, was much sought after, and the edition soon exhausted, -- hence the call for their republication.

"SISTER EMMA SMITH," wife of the Prophet, passed down the river on Sunday last, in the steamboat Hibernia. We learn that before she left, she became reconciled to Jo, who last week turned her out of his house.

COUNTERFEITS. --" There is a species of counterfeit, extensively circulated in this community, called Nauvoo Bogus. They are half dollars, dated 1828. They are a pretty good imitation of the genuine coin -- so good, that some of our business men have been imposed upon by them. It is said they are manufactured in the City of the Saints.

For the Signal

Mr. Sharp: --

Sir, -- The following was sent to the office of the Nauvoo Neighbor for publication, in answer to a New Conundrum in said paper; but the unneighborly thing, (forgetting its constant cry of equal rights and equal privileges, did not permit it to appear.

If you will insert it in your useful paper, you will oblige one who loves Liberty in substance, and not in shadow; and who despises all sorts of oppression, but most of all, when it appears in a superstitious and religious form.
                                      Yours most respectfully,
                                           A GENTILE.


Why are those biped W(p)helps now in Nauvoo,
So very like the dog turn'd to his spew?
Because Dame Nature's stern imperial will,
Does make a Traitor once, a traitor still.


Mr. Editor: -- I have frequently noticed in the columns of your paper, articles concerning the doctrine of Spiritual Wives, a part of the Mormon creed. Nothing as yet has come to my view which gave entire satisfaction; and as it is my turn now, just command silence for a few minutes that I may have a hearing.

In the year 1834, at Kirtland Ohio, the aforementioned step in the heavenly stairway was located. Much excitement grew out of this measure; many of the Saints demurred, and more knowing ones readily perceived that it was entirely too liberal in its provisions -- even to be constitutional. In a word, the Saints rejected it; only a few of the more licentious delighting in it. The doctrine was hushed up, as being sent before its time -- for be it known that Mormonism is a system of progression. The next glimpse I obtained of this hellish Spiritual Wife doctrine, was in the year 1836, just on the eve of hostilities in Missouri. The presence of the ebemy furnished subjects for reflection, to the exclusion of the old eye-sore for the second time. But iniquity never lies dormant. -- No sooner did prosperity smile upon the fraternity in Nauvoo, than the secret workings of the same faction were set in motion. Success attends perseverance and success emboldens the culprit. Such seems to be the results in the present instance. But, now is the winter of their discontent made glorious summer by the sudden appearance of the Spirit of Elijah, a kind of compromise act, which serves two purposes, viz: is a cloak to the Spiritual Wife system, and cures the indolent saints of the Spring Fever -- a very prevalent and fatal malady in the latitude of Nauvoo. It is generally known that the Mormons are erecting a Temple, in fulfillment of a revelation which brother Joe delivered to his followers in 1841. It appears that the time allowed for said work has been nearly exhausted, and the work not half completed. -- What are the consequences if no Temple is erected in the alloted time? Friend Joe tells his syncophants that they will be rejected, and their dead with them. This failed in producing the necessary energy. The emergency was great and there was a call for measures adapted to the case. Counsel met -- anxiety seized the public mind and all seemed lost in anticipation. Counsel adjourned -- and the following became the order of the Kingdom: It is the privilege of the saints to be united to their better half in time for eternity; and they can be sealed up to eternal felicity in the celestial kingdom. Of course this was very acceptable, and productive of great joy, particularly among the firm Smithites. The Patriarch of the church is the obly one who officiates in these matters, and he complains of being bothered by applications, but some think difficult questions are more his evil genius than many applications. -- But to the qualifications. Brother S. desires to be united with his wife for eternity, and in order to do the thing correctly, he takes advice from some one entitled to give the same, and to his mortification, he learns that he cannot be benefitted in this way until his tithing is paid on the Temple -- which is every tenth day, and a tenth of all his property. The prize is to great to lose, so the tithing is paid over into the hands of the Trustee in Trust, and brother S. and wife are united for eternity, who depart rejoicing. But there are difficulties in the way. If the man, who is the head of the family, falls from grace, his wife is drawn down by him to the dark caverns of the damned, be she as pure as the angels of light. Why so? Because the commission of the Patriarch says -- 'whatsoever ye bind on earth shall be bound in Heaven,' &c. The next thing in order is to provide against the danger of falling from grace, Oh! I can remedy that, says Mr. Patriarch. How? enquires brother S. By sealing you up to eternal felicity in the celestial kingdom, after which, if you do sin, your body will be given up to the buffetings of Satan, that your soul may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. Well, Mr. Patriarch, says S., I and my old lady will be down to see you in a day or so. They fulfil their promise, with a view to be sealed up to eternal life; but mark the chagrin and mortification of brother S. when informed by the Patriarch that no one can be sealed up until the Temple is completed and the Priests obtain their anointings. This settles the matter, and marks out the only course to be adopted by the saints -- viz: Complete the Temple. Pay your tithing, and get married for eternity -- finish the Temple, and be sealed up to eternal glory. Just in proportion to the desire of these blessings do we see energy in paying tithings and voluntary services bestowed on that to-be cathedral. -- No wonder the work is delayed, since such is the order. Each male member pays yearly a tithing of 36 1/2 days labor. Three years have been spent on that work, and there is yet sufficient unfinished work laid out to consume another -- making the tithing of each man 146 days' labor. At one dollar per day, the amount paid in that time by each is $146. Now if there is as many members as are boasted of (100,000) and one-fifth are tithers the sum would be $2,920,000. But enough of this for the present. One item more and close. In 1835 a revelation was received, pointing out a system by which to provide for the poor. The means were to come from the rich -- be delivered to the Bishop of the church -- and by him despised in the Lord's Store House -- there to remain until demanded by the needy. It is useless to say that no Store House has ever been built -- notwithstanding many have perished for the want of necessary comforts of life -- and that too in the city of the saints -- where the gift of discernment is prated upon as being in the possession of the wise and good, and where hundreds enjoy all the luxuries they desire. Shame on such a system of things.
                                   AN EXILE.

Buckey's Lamentations for the want
                  of More Wives.

I once thought I had knowledge great,
    But now I find 'tis small;
I once thought I'd Religion too,
    But now I find I've none at all --
For I have but One lone wife,
    And can obtain no more;
And the doctrine is, I can't be saved,
    Unless I've half a score! ....
                [see original for remainder]


[see original for this text]


                                           Nauvoo, April 12, 1844.
Editor; --

In behalf of a character unstained by crime, and hitherto untarnished by the foul breath of slander, I appeal to you, for the privilege, through the columns of your journal, of expressing my sentiments in relation to certain proceedings that have recently taken place in this far-famed and peaceful City; and of defending myself from the foul and false assertions that have repeatedly been attempted to fasten upon a name I hold most dear and sacred

I speak for myself. Others may bear the lash of the Tyrant to their hearts content: but I am resolved, that no man, whatever may be his pretension, or however lofty his professions, shall trample upon my rights with impunity.

In making this expose and defence, I shall take the liberty to speak plain. My statements shall be simple matters of fact, neither colored with fancy, nor fiction, but clothed in the sable livery of truth -- from which the public may form their own conclusions. I ask no sympathy -- my case needs none: I merely ask that respect to which every man is entitled, who deports himself with propriety.

I have been a resident of Nauvoo for upwards of a year past, and, although differing with the people in matters of faith and doctrine, had supposed myself entitled to the same privileges as other citizens -- the right to think, speak, and act on all subjects, independently -- so far as not to infringe upon the interests of others. This I have studiously endeavored to do; and now make the appeal to the circle of my acquaintances, whether or not my deportment has been exceptionable. I have been notified from various sources that there was no favorable feeling entertained towards me by the Prophet.. I was informed by himself, that I was not his friend. I enquired of him how he knew. He replied, "I am a descerner of spirits!" I took no pains to undeceive him.

On the 7th of last month, it was given out that a public meeting was to be held at the Temple, for the transaction of important business. It was stated in the paper, that the "first Presidency" and the "Twelve" would be present -- urging upon the people a general attendance. Accordingly a crowd of several thousand assembled at an early hour. None knew for what purpose the meeting had been called, and of course, nothing could be done in the absence of authority.

In the course of time, his majesty, Joe, made his appearance; and after rushing through the crowd, whom he treated as so many dogs, he mounted the stand, and stated that the object of the meeting was, to obtain the mind of the people in relation to the enforcing of certain ordinances, the officers having found difficulty in discharging their duties, by the interference of certain individuals, who were eternally grumbling and growling, and whom it was impossible for the Devil himself to please. He then pounced upon some of our prominent and most worthy citizens, in his most approved style, denouncing and damning, by wholesale, Lawyers, Doctors, Merchants, and others, who had had the audacity to question his authority, or the purity of his. motives and intentions. After [slanging] different ones upon the same matters of complaint, he proceeded to inform the people that there were certain Croakers and Spies amongst them, of whom they might well be cautious. He had seen an article in the "New York Tribune," purporting to have been written here, giving an exaggerated account of the state of things in this City. The writer had ventured to express an opinion relative to the professed talents of the great "MORMON PROPHET!" -- that there was a system of duping afloat, based upon his pretended revelations -- that monies collected for the building of the Temple was appropriated to private purposes, &c. This was sufficient to enrage his holiness;, and he roared and bellowed away at a strange rate upon the falsity of the statements -- appealing to his own honesty and virtue, as usual, and to the books and records for proofs of his innocence of the charges in question.

The thought suggested itself to my mind that our Penitentiaries would soon be useless, if criminals were allowed to tell their own story. He then went on to state that he knew all about it -- he had powers of discernment (?) -- and who dare dispute him? After he closed his harangue, knowing that he intended to throw the charge upon me, (although too cowardly to mention names,) I rose up and demanded of him if I was the individual alluded to in his remarks. He gave me no satisfaction. I repeated the inquiry several times. He still refused giving an answer. I then told him, that if he had not heard from me, he should. He then imposed a fine of Ten Dollars upon me. Here my brother R. D. Foster, interposed in my behalf; and he, Joe, threatened to fine him too, if he did not shut up: and the notorious W. W. Phelps, who has the honor of being his chief clerk, ordered me into the halls of the Marshal, remarking afterwards, the fine ought to have been fifty dollars.

This was the "head and front of my offending," and this is a specimen of that freedom which an American Citizen enjoys in Nauvoo.

I leave to the public to make their own comments, pass on to another outrage of a more recent date, upon my rights, by this self-same self-styled Prophet and usurper.

I was in the company of some one hundred or more where Joe was declaiming in the same old tone, against certain individuals. He stated he had rebuked Presidents, Congressmen and judges, and they all took it in kindness, and thanked him for it, considering it evidence of the authenticity and divinity of his mission and profession; but he had to regret that he found more difficulty in governing these certain ones in Nauvoo, than any thing he had ever undertaken. After he got thro' with his "sermon," as he termed it, he proceeded to leave the room. As he was passing out his eye rested upon me -- he bowed very hypocritically, and held out his hand. I refused to speak, or to accept his hand. He immediately became enraged, and demanded why I did not speak. I told him I did not regard him as my friend, and could not respect him as such. He then called me a fool, liar, and other venomous epithets, which I consider unnecessary to repeat, as it would be a waste of time and a disgrace to paper. However, the only specific charge he could adduce against me, was that I had the misfortune to be connected with a dishonest family. I then became excited, and demanded an explanation. In reply he stated he knew of nothing to sustain the charge except that my brother, Dr. Foster, had stolen a Raw Hide, (a riding whip,) on a certain occasion, and he would swear to it on a stack of Bibles Heaven high, and he did not know but some of the same blood ran in my veins. I felt exasperated, but I concluded to let it pass with that contempt which it, and its author so richly merited. During this affair, a certain Col. Markham interfered in behalf of Joe, laid his hands upon me, and told me to remember who I was talking to, and to be careful what I said. I told him to keep his hands off, and we would manage our own affairs, as we were both of age. -- Others, who knew no more than to obey the nod of this modern impostor, surrounded me, with their menaces and contemptible mimicry -- to all of which I replied, I could tell a tale, that would astound you, and make your ears to tingle.

Such is but a faint picture of the state of things in this peaceful City of the Saints, this asylum of rest. If professions were sufficient it might be granted but being cognizant of facts as they transpire, this is all but the case. Other instances of a still more oppressive and aggressive character, could be adduced, wherein the rights of individuals have been invaded, their interests sacrificed, their characters assailed, and the peace of their families destroyed, by the repeated insults and injuries of this Monster in human shape. But enough has been said to make out this case -- let others speak for themselves. For my own part, despite consequences, I will not tamely yield the right to any man to usurp unwarrantable authority over my person and character, and the dictation of his own depraved will. I will speak, and I will be heard in my own defence. I am fully aware of the hazardous position of any one who dares to maintain what he deems his right, in contradistinction to the powers that be -- that no man's blood will be spilt in vain in the contest for right. No, so long as there is justice in Heaven, or revenge on earth so sure shall that same blood be avenged a thousand fold. I have, then nothing to fear from assaults by day, or assassinations by night, if the forfeiture of my life should lead a general investigation , and purification of the iniquities that sing to hundreds and thousands who are not yet entrapped in the snare of the destroyer.

In seeking redress for these our grievances, we are only met by a repetition of insult and injury. Their ordinances are but a mimicry of law, compounded of hypocrisy and absurdity; and their justice is not worthy the name.

But, leaving out the mass, for many of whom I entertain the most sincere regard, I look upon JOE as being the moving cause of all this confusion and folly; having an unparalleled degree of confidence in himself, amounting to barefaced impudence -- and assisted by a cabinet equally rotten and corrupt, who are continually, by night and by day, concocting and plotting schemes for their own aggrandizement, at the expense of the innocent and unsuspecting -- and having such an unbounded influence with the mass of the people, whom, through the aid of his assumed authority and self-made revelations, he wields to his own purposes. These are some of the means by which we are compelled to submit to any insult and injury his head may dictate, or his wicked heart suggest. The public may then judge for themselves as to the complaints we make, and the wretched state of that society whose government is placed in such hands.

I will add no more at present, but simply leave myself in the hands of your readers to judge for themselves, by the inviolable rights, guaranteed to us as American citizens, and by all those various ties that bind up the social compact, to say whether we have not abundant reason for this our complaint; and in view of the foregoing facts, whether we have not equal reasons for this our defence.
                           Respectfully, &c.,
                                         CHARLES A. FOSTER.

For the Warsaw Signal.

                                      Nauvoo, Ill., April 13, 1844.
Mr. Editor: --

Sir, as Gen. Joseph Smith is before the people as a candidate for the first office within their gift, we think it a privilege we have, (as is the case with every other candidate for so responsible an office) to examine his claims and qualifications for the same.

The readers of the "Nauvoo Neighbor" would suppose, from the articles which appear in that paper, that Joe was one of the greatest statesmen and scholars of the age. We do not know but such in the fact; but if men want evidence in regard to his statesmanship, let them but refer to the manner in which he conducts the affairs of the Holy City, as Mayor, and we think the public will be satisfied at once. I speak from personal knowledge, as I have been a citizen of the City of the Saints for several years past, and here stake my reputation as a writer, that there never was as much tyranny practised in any city or country since the days of Caligula and Nero.

For several months past; there has not been a criminal prosecution within the city, instituted before a Justice of the peace, but what, as soon as the accused was arrested by the constable a writ of Habeas Corpus has been granted by the Municipal Court of said City, and the prisoner arrested from the hands of the officer, and taken before that court for trial. We need hardly state here the prisoner is there disposed of, as it is a notorious fact, that there never has been a case of the kind before the Municipal Court, but what the prisoner has been discharged, and judgment rendered against the prosecution for costs -- no matter what the crime may be -- thus rendering it impossible for any man to be bound over from this place to stand a trial before a jury of his county. Joe himself says he will spill the last drop of blood in his veins before he will go to Carthage among the Carthagenian Mob (as he terms them,) for trial, and advises all his followers to do the same -- saying that they have all power to try every offence committed within the limits of the city, and it is unnecessary for any one to go to the Circuit Court, among a set of Jack Asses (to use his own language, for trial. This is true Statesmanship, in the opinion of Joe's followers.

In relation to Joe Scholarship, we have only to Joe's he is one of the greatest ignoramuses of this age; and has not even had the advantages of a common country schooling, as his time, in early life, was spent in money digging; and in more mature years, occupied principally in lying, blackguarding, swindling, and many other kinds of rascality, too numerous to mention.

All the articles to which Joe's name has appeared of late, as well as his Statesman-like "Views of the Powers and Policy of the Government of the United States," were written by the Immaculate William W. Phelps, Esq., the City Attorney for the Holy City, and Private :ecretary to his Holiness Joe, &c., &c., It will be noticed that this Phelps is the man whom Joe charged with having turned traitor, and sworn false, a few years since in Missouri.

We do not know whether Joe's charge against Phelps is true or not. This much however, we do know -- that Phelps did swear that Joe was guilty of some of the most diabolical crimes known to our laws. How is it, Joe? Did he swear false? or are you guilty? More anon.
      Yours, &c.,             SKINIWAY.

The Buckey's First Epistle to Jo.

Friend Jo, I have been told of late
That you had got in your pate
A certain chief, to vent his hate,
   Had learned to sing;
And had turn'd out a poet great,
   Or some such thing.

Because the "Warsaw Message" came
With tidings from the state of fame,
Like some great herald to proclaim
   Your wicked ways.
Your tyranny, your sin and shame,
   In these last days.

With Buckey's trumpet sounding clear,
That Democrat and Whig might hear,
And Priest-rid Mormons, who in fear
   Bow down to thee;
That there is still one child who dare
   And will be free.

That Byckeye child lives in Nauvoo,
And some there are, who know how true
A friend, he ever was to you,
   In days that's past,
Till slanders base around you threw,
   Fair fame to blast.

Till for himself he's fairly seen
That you were not what you had been,
But that iniquity you'd screen
   In every way;
And from fair virtue's path did lean
   Vile plans to lay.

Have you forgot the snare you laid
For NANCY, (lovely Buckeye maid?)
With all your priestly arts array'd
   Her to seduce
Assisted by that wretched bawd
   Who kept the house.

But she, in virtues amour steel'd
Was proof against what you revela'd,
And to your doctrines would not yield
   The least belief;
Although the scriptures you did wield
   In your relief.

And when you saw, she would detest
Such doctrines, in her noble breast,
And did despise the man, 'tho priest,
   who taught them too,
A sallow, yellow, lustful beast,
   Poor Jo, like you.

'Twas then you chang'd your lovers sighs
And vengeful hate flash'd in your eyes
When you found out she did despise
   You as a man;
You took to circulating lies.
   Your usual plan.

Just that you might destroy her fame,
And give to her a ruin'd name,
So that if she should ever proclaim
   What you had tried;
Your friends might turn on her the shame
   And say she lied.

But Joe, in this you fairly tail'd,
Though you her father's house assail'd
She met you face to face, you quail'd
   Before her frown
And like a counterfeit she nail'd
   You tightly down --

Although you tried, by priestly power
To make this gentle creature cower
And eat her words, that you might tower
   In priestly pride;
But strong in truth, she in that hour
   Told you, you lied.

And when you found it would not do,
Then like a coward paltroon, you
Acknowledg'd what she had said was true
   Unto her sire;
But then you'd nothing more in view
   Then just to try her --

And put on her guard, that she
Might keep her pure and free
From base seducers like to me,
   And Joab vile --
For that it was reveal'd to thee
   We would beguile.

O Jo! Jo!! thy slanderous tongue
Some burning tears from me have wrung,
And I had thought t' have held my tongue
   And nothing said --
If thou had'st but repentance shown
   And shut thy head.

But thy repeated slanders vile
Shall not be borne by this child;
Although by nature he is mild,
   And well disposed;
Thy sins from continent to isle
   Shall be exposed.

Missouri's deeds shall come to light
Though perpetrated in the night.
By hirelings who thought it right
   To do thy will --
By cabin conflagration bright
   to scalp and kill.

Repent, repent, there still is time --
And add no more dark crime to crime,
But think, how mighty and sublime
   Thy calling first --
And in black sackcloth bow thee down
   Low in the dust --

And put away far from thy heart,
Each wicked sensual sinful art;
And from the truth no more depart
   Long as you live --
But stop and make another start,
   And I'll forgive.

If not your dark deeds in Nauvoo,
As well as in Missouri too --
Like Hamlet's ghost shall rise to view,
   With old white hat --
Then tremble tyrant, for but few
   Will sanction that.

But I must stop this long epistle.
"My pen is worn down to the gristle,"
And ;tis the poet's only missell
   In truth's relief --
For, be it known to all, this child
   Ain;t yet a chief --

Tho he his lineage can trace
Back to the Bruce and Wallace days,
When they for Liberty did raise
   The sword, and broke
(As I tntend in these last days)
   A tyrant's yoke.

Note 1: This issue of the Warsaw Signal may have actually been issued on April 25th -- a day later than its nominal publication date.

Note 2: A copy of the poem, "The Buckey's First Epistle to Jo," either appeared on the first page of this issue of the Signal, or on a Signal "slip" dated April 25th -- no copy of the original has yet been located for confirmation of the text.


NS No. 12.                       Warsaw, Illinois, May 1, 1844.                       Whole 129.


(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 13.                       Warsaw, Illinois, May 8, 1844.                       Whole 130.

Matters and Things at Nauvoo.

Well at last, the Mormons are at it amongst themselves in good earnest. A new church has been organized and we understand that a press will soon be procured, and a paper started which will be devoted to the building up of the cause of the seceders, and to an exposition of Joe Smith's enormities and mal-practices. The creed of the new church differs but little from the old -- they acknowledge the authority of the Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, &c.; the only essential difference being in relation to the inspiration of Joe Smith. The seceders believe that Joe was a prophet, but that he is now fallen from grace. They have a new prophet, who is William Law.

The members of the new church are among the most intelligent and respectable of the Mormon body, and it is said that their number is already quite respectable.

On Sunday last, Law preached in Nauvoo, and in the severest terms denounced Smith, for his arbitrary and immoral conduct. Some think that this breach will soon be healed, but we are inclined to believe that the disaffected have gone so far as to preclude the possibility of retreat -- sure it is, they cannot retreat honorably [[original text damaged]] ...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 14.                       Warsaw, Illinois, May 15, 1844.                       Whole 131.


We stated last week that William Law was the Prophet of the New Church at Nauvoo. This was denied, we hear, by Mr. Law, who says no man can assume the Spirit of Prophecy. He is President of the New Church, but will not venture to publish any revelations

The New Church appears to be going ahead. On last Sunday, there were about three hundred assembled at Mr. Law's house in Nauvoo, and listened with much seeming pleasure to a sermon from Elder Blakely, who denounced Smith as a fallen Prophet. He treated the Spiritual wife doctrine without gloves, and repudiated Smith's plan of uniting Church and State.

After Blakely had concluded, William Law gave his reasons in strong language for leaving the false prophet.

Francis M. Higbee, then read a series of resolutions which set forth the reasons for withdrawing from Joe. After this a number of Affidavits were read testifying to Joe's villainy, and showing the evils under which a huge portion of the citizens are obliged to labor,

The new church and those opposed to Mormonism in Nauvoo, are said to be strongly in favor of repealing their Charter, it having been made an instrument of oppression rather than a benefit.

The Nauvoo Expositor is the title of a new paper about to be started at Nauvoo, by the opponents of Joe. The Prospectus has been issued, in which the proposed character of the paper is set forth. It will have nothing to do with religion, but goes in for the repeal of the Nauvoo City Charter, against political revelations and unconstitutional ordinances. As the conductors of this paper are well acquainted with Joe, it will in all probability make some disclosures which will render Nauvoo too hot either for Joe or his enemies. We will endeavor to keep our readers well apprised of everything of interest to them. In the mean time we say, success to the new undertaking, for "a kingdom divided against itself cannot stand."

.... Joe Smith is above the law. He cannot be punished for any crime...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 15.                       Warsaw, Illinois, May 22, 1844.                       Whole 132.


... [Joseph Smith is] busy in translating [the Kinderhook plates]. The new work which Jo. is about to issue as a translation of these plates will be nothing more nor less than a sequel to the Book of Mormon...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 16.                       Warsaw, Illinois, May 29, 1844.                       Whole 133.


... We have seen and heard enough to convince us that Joe Smith is not safe out of Nauvoo, and we would not be surprised to hear of his death by violent means in a short time. He has deadly enemies -- men whose wrongs have maddened them.

...The feeling of this country is now lashed to its utmost pitch, and will break forth in fury upon the slightest provocation...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS No. 17.                       Warsaw, Illinois, June 5, 1844.                       Whole 134.

Joe  Smith  and  Henry  Clay.

The last Nauvoo Neighbor contains the correspondence between Joe Smith and Henry Clay, which has been long talked of, but nothing known in relation thereto, of a definite character. In Joe's first letter to Mr. Clay, he enquires, what will be his course of action if elected to the Presidency, in relation to the Latter Day Saints, having reference to the Missouri difficulties. Mr. Clay answered in a very courteous, yet frank and firm manner, that as a candidate for the Presidency, he can make no promises, nor give pledges of favor to any particular class of the community. Joe replies in a style characteristic of himself. A more scurrilious, low, blackguard production, we have seldom seen. He speaks to Mr. Clay in his rejoinder, thus: "A blackleg in politics, begging for a chance to shuffle yourself into the Presidential chair, where you might deal out the destinies of our beloved country, for a game of brag, that would end in 'Hark from the tombs a doleful sound.'" He then speaks of him as a "gambler, duelist, intriguer, &c.," and uses every vituperative phrase that the political slang dictionary contains. And what is all this for? What has provoked the ire of his Holiness? Mr. Clay has dared to be candid, and has too much honor and regard for character, to play the sucophant to such a beast as Joe, and some of our two penny politicians in this vicinity have, and therefore, in the eyes of that miscreant he is a vile loathsome wretch.

Joe, you are [the] very thing you accuse Messrs. Van Buren, Clay and Calhoon of being; and more, we do not believe that even your blackguard pen, or rather that of your man Friday's, (for no one would accuse you of being able to put two sentences in the English Language together correctly,) can picture a wretch so depraved, and loathsome as yourself. Yos Joe! we have that confidence in your saintship, that we do not believe that the concentrated extract of all the abominations of the Infernal Regions, can add one stain to the blackness of your character. Look in a mirror Joe and you will see the reflection of the most detestable wretch that the earth contains. The man who under the garb of a Commissioned Minister of the Most High, has made the seduction of innocent females an amusement -- the man on whose skirts rests the blood of hundreds of his confiding followers -- the man who has hired assassins in his employ, commanding them to perform deeds that Satan might shrink from -- the traducer of character -- the swindler who robs without compunction his deluded victims of their sll, that he may revel in wealth. Behold yourself Joe! and as you may well say as a prototype of your Holiness once said,

'Not hell with all its powers to damn.
  Can add one taint to the foul thing I am!

LAST RESORT OF JOE. -- Whenever any individual renders himself obnoxious to Joe Smith, in Nauvoo, and his influence is likely to produce a disasterous effect upon his prospects and schemes, he immediately sets himself to work, to destroy the character and reputation of his enemy, that he may thus render him harmless. Thus it was, that to put down the Laws and Fosters, he invented and circulated the most scandulous reports, and procured the oaths of his miscreant minions, to substantiate them. He hoped, by this means, to divert the attention of the honest and well meaning, amongst his followers, from his own rottenness, by discrediting the witnesses, who bore testimony against him. His last resort to this same game, is the most despicable of all. In the last Neighbor, is published the affidavits of three females, who have been compelled by his holiness, to make statements which entirely blasts their own fame, in order that he might thus destroy the influence of a man, who he felt to be a dangerous enemy. We say that these females have been compelled to publish their own shame, for we cannot conceive how any woman, having left one spark of that native modesty, which characterizes the sex, could voluntarily consent to publish to the world the loss of her virtue, and the degradation of her chastity. A female, that can do such an act, must either be influenced by fear, or else she must be an abandoned strumpet, whose word is unworthy of credence.

What then can Joe hope to gain by such pitiable resorts? Can he hope to turn public indignation from himself, as a base seducer, by fastening the brand upon C. L. Higbee! No Joe! all the evidence which you can manufacture from the ready material which you have at hans -- all the affidavits which you can force weak females yo [make]: or induce abandoned srumpets to publish will never make a sensible man believe that the accused is guilty, or that you are not a villain.

These affidavits bear upon the face of them, their own condemnation. Women who wear their virtue so loosely, as to throw it off, on so slight a representation and inducement as they say Mr. Higbee made to them, should never be used as witnesses in any sensible community. No Joe, these affidavits are but evidence against yourself. They show conclusively that the females of your city, are taught by you, to hold virtue, chastity, decency and propriety, eh! every thing that gives adornment to the character of the sex, as subservient to your will and desire. Yes Joe! by your showing, you have made it appear to the world, that the women of your church, will willingly submit to a seducer if he can make it appear that it is your will that they should. Shame where is thy blush?

COUNTERFEITING, &c. -- On a former occasion, we stated that a species of counterfeit money -- called Nauvoo Bogus, was extensively circulated in this vicinity. We have since heard the charge distinctly made by one who has had an opportunity of knowing the facts, that Joe Smith, in addition to his other villainous employments is engaged in this nefarious business...

Two years ago a scamp was taken up for robbery and examined in this place before two Justices of the Peace; he was discharged, but stated that [had he] been committed for that crime, of which he was innocent, he would have disclose[d] other crimes of which he and others were guilty. On being pressed by his counsel to disclose the matter, he said that there were counterfeiters in abundance in Nauvoo; but he named but one, and that was Joe Smith. This was stated to his lawyer, and of course could not be used in evidence against him and his accomplices. We have now the testimony to corroborate what this man then said, and the fact is notorious that bogus is made in Nauvoo. Here then, we have a band of counterfeiters in our midst, who can defy the laws under the protection of a pretended prophet.

We stated three years ago that Nauvoo would become the resort of blacklegs, thieves, counterfeiters & outlaws; and the evidence of the fulfilment of this prediction is now before us. A man who swindled the Government of $4000 is now under the protection of Joe Smith, and with impunity he sets the laws of the land at defiance. Blacklegs, cut-throats, horse-thieves, defaulters and forgers can find an effectual protection from Joe Smith, provided they will flatter his vanity, and become his pliant tools, as they could on the soil of Texas. An officer of justice might as well go to pergatory to find a culprit as to Nauvoo, if Joe has taken him in charge. The law and its agents are mocked, and yet, if the citizens of this community should rise up, and resort to the only means left us, to rid ourselves of this pest, there are fastidious moralists, who would immediately brand us as "mobocratsm" "persecuting men for religion's sake," and every opprobious epithet would be applied by distant communities to us, and every paliating phrase used towards the vagabonds who have so long merited their fate. When one portion of the community sets the lawa at defiance, are we bound to respect the laws in our action towards it? is a question in ethics which moralists may solve theoretically, at their leisure; but if we do not much mistake, the people in this vicinity will solve it practically, unless there is speedy and [effective] reform in Nauvoo.

JERRY SMITH CAPTURED. -- We learn from Nauvoo, that on Thursday last Jerry Smith was brought before the Municipal Court of Nauvoo, and after a sham trial discharged. On the next day a man named Hiichcock, from Burlington, Iowa, arrived from Springfield, with a writ from the U. S. District Court, and arrested Jerry who was running at large. He had a letter of instruction from Gov. Ford, authorizing him to call out the militia, and also a private letter to Joe. As soon as Jerry was arrested, Joe commenced raving in his characteristic manner -- swore hell was uncapped, and that he cared not for their writs, nor their dragoons, and that he would die before he would surrender Jerry. Hickcock, however, was made of the right kind of stuff; defied Joe and his habeas corpus, and said he would die before he would surrender his prisoner. Joe still raved; but on the officer presenting his instructions from Gov. Ford, and the private letter, he became suddenly calm, and concluded to let Jerry go. The officer then took him on board a boat, and last heard of him, was when he was on his way down stream. Joe, thy fallen crest! Oh! Oh!

The Marshall of Iowa was fairly run out of Nauvoo, by a writ from the Municipal Court commanding the City Marshall to arrest him for contempt of court.


                                                        Carthage, June 1, 1844.
Mr. Editor: --

Having been a short time since a rather conspicuous character in this community, on account of my connection with Joseph, I am anxious to convey to the public through your columns, the motives that actuate my conduct, and thus clear away false impressions which my former conduct has tended to produce. In hopes that the following plain statement of facts, which can be substantiated by unquestionable testimony will produce this effect, I submit it for the information of your readers.

In the fall of 1842, I visited Nauvoo and although I have no knowledge of having done any thing which should have aroused suspicion, I was informed that I was regarded with distrust by his holiness and marked down accordingly as a spy. A short time after this, I had proof that this information was authentic; for incontestable evidence was given of the hostile designs of Joe towards me.

One evening after dark, as I was riding in a wagon with a friend, we met another wagon coming from an opposite direction. A voice from the latter cried out as we passed, "Jackson is that you," I answered in the affirmative. "I wish to see you," said the stranger. I got out of the wagon, and walked to meet the individual who accosted me, who had also left the wagon in which he road. The wagons passed on and we neared each other, when suddenly the stranger fired a pistol -- the ball whizzed by my head, and the assassin fled. I saw no more of him; but the effect of this incident was to make me resolve to be avenged, if the cunning of man could accomplish what I so much desired. I saw plainly from what I had heard, that Joe Smith was the instigator of the villain who attempted to take my life without provocation, and I thought to myself that it should not be my fault, if he were not made to smart for his villainy.

Shortly after this I quit Nauvoo, and spent the winter in Carthage. In the spring of 1843 I told Harmon T. Wilson, that I was determined to head Joe and in order to do so that I would go to Nauvoo, insinuate myself into his favor, win his affection and confidence, and that if he really was a villain I would find it out, and at a proper season I would disclose all to him, that as an officer of the law, he might have an opportunity to bring the scamp to justice. Accordingly I returned to Nauvoo I sought Joe's favor -- he protested he was a man of God: I told him I knew his heart, that his religion was a humbug and I wanted to hear none of it. I represented myself as an outlaw and fugitive from justice -- ready to do whatever he commanded. For a long time, he persisted in his professions of holiness, but finally seeing that I was not gullible enough to believe his [sanctified] professions, and having succeeded in making him believe that I was a proper tool for his uses, he gave in, and acknowledged to me his proper character and principles. He admitted himself an atheist, and the. Book of Mormon a humbug;- and that the original was written by Lyman Spalding, whose heirs now have it in their possession.

By degrees, I entwine, myself completely into his confidence. I seemed ready to perform whatever I was commanded, and to the world kept up the appearance that I was in reality what I seemed to be. I succeeded in my object -- every plot, every plan, every secret movement of the villainous system by which Joe deludes and strips his followers, was made known to me; and before God I say, that a more detestable miscreant treads not the earth. Steeped in blood and crime, guilty by his own admissions, of almost every act of wickedness, that the machinations of hell can suggest to mortal man, he stands before the Devil, but even as the rival of his Satanic Majesty.

But the limits of this communication will not allow me to particularize; suffice it to say, that Joe disclosed to me while in his confidence, that he did send O. P. Rockwell to Missouri: to assassinate Gov. Boggs. He stated too the particulars. I was sent on the mission to liberate him after he had been taken. I know all the facts in relation to this affair, and will soon disclose them to the world. After Rockwell had returned, Joe offered me $3000; if I would do what Rockwell had failed to do, to wit: take the life of Boggs. I consented; -- I visited Missouri, for the purpose of keeping up appearances with him, and on my return excused myself for not having done, what I would have shrunk with horror from doing; by telling him that Boggs was not at home.

This alone brands Joe as an assassin but this is not all I know of his murderous purposes. He attempted to hire myself and others, to take the life of some of our most valuable citizens. I will not at present name them; but I will say from what I know, that his enemies are not safe. He has a ruffian band around him ready to execute whatever he commands and who are only deterred by the fear of detection. The fact that Joe is engaged in counterfeiting, also came to my knowledge while in his confidence; besides this, a baser and more unscrupulous seducer lives not -- I could name his victims, but regard for their feelings deter me.

The limits I have prescribed for this communication, compels me to desist from further remarks at this time. I know that my life is sought by Joe; but I also know, that should I be suddenly cut off, my death will be attributed to the proper source, and amply revenged. I have said enough already, to convince the world that while in Nauvoo my motive was not that which was then attributed to me. -- The fact that I made known to H. T. Wilson my object in going there will unfold the mystery of my conduct.
                                           Yours Respectfully,
                                                           J. H. JACKSON.

The Way Joe Does It.

We extract the following from the St. Louis Reveille:

COUNTERFEITORS. -- Mormon Certificates. Yesterday morning, a boy named Theron Terrill was arrested, having in his possession twelve American half and eight Spanish quarter dollars, all counterfeited in some sort of base metal. On examination by the Marshal, he stated that many had been given to him by one George Reader, with whom he had lived in former years, but who he had only recently seen again. For a long time the boy maintained secrecy, but, eventually, he yielded, and so told his story, Reader was caught and arrested on board the Ospery, having taken passage for himself and the boy to Nauvoo. The man had given the money to the boy, either to buy articles, or to sell to somebody else, as the statement was made.

On Reader was found a steel file and other implements, known as such as are used [in] turning and finishing counterfeit coin. Among other things taken from his pockets, perhaps the following printed certificate, with blanks duly filled in manuscript, may be considered a little curious.


This certifies that George Reader has been received into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, organized on the sixth of April, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight and thirty, and has been ordained an elder, according to the rules and regulation of said Church; and is duly authorized to preach the gospel, agreeably to the authority of that office. Given by the direction of a general conference of the authorities of said Church, assembled in Nauvoo, Ill. on the sixth of April, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty.   (Signed,)
                                           Joseph Smith, President.
William Richards, Clerk.
    Nauvoo, Oct. 18th, 1843.

On the back of this was the following endorsement: "This license was recorded in License Record Book A., page 117, Oct. 19th, 1843.   (Signed)
                                           Wm. Richards, Recorder.

Reader was recognized by a bar-keeper of a coffee-house, and identified as one who attempted to pass similar coin, a few days since, for a glass of beer. They were both committed, in default of bail -- Reader, in the sum of $200 and the boy in that of $100, to appear as a witness against him.

==> The Horrible News given below is the production of the imagination of one of the Lawyers, who amused himself during the trial of a dull case, in Court, by scribbling. We give it merely as a good specimen of fun -- it having been published in the Quincy Herald, and Rushville Whig, without comment.

                      From the Quincy Herald.

H O R R I B L E!

                                                            CARTHAGE, HANCOCK Co., Ill.,
                                                            18 miles from the city of Nauvoo,
                                                            4 o'clock, A. M., May 28, 1844.

DEAR SIR: -- We are in the midst of an unprecedented excitement -- the crisis has approached -- blood must be spilled. It is highly probable that nearly every man, woman and child in Nauvoo are exterminated from the city, and Nauvoo in flames, all produced by a resistance of the laws by the Prophet Smith. Smith harbored and protected a Mormon who was demanded by the marshal of Iowa for stealing. The prophet refused to give him up; violence ensued. Smith called out the legion of ten thousand well armed and disciplined men, ordered them to fire upon the marshal, who was immediately killed, and the legion killed every person who made any. Some five hundred Anti-Mormons have been killed. The people from the surrounding country in Iowa, Missouri and Illinois, immediately poured in, in companies of thousands each, and waged a war of extermination upon the citizens of Nauvoo, killing, it is supposed, the prophet, some hundreds of his legion, and large numbers of the women and children residents of the city; and have destroyed the whole of the city by fire, excepting only the temple, where the remnant of citizens and legion not destroyed have taken refuge. The citizen soldiery perfectly exasperated, are at this moment makig an attack upon the temple, crying for revenge and blood. Gov. Ford ordered a draft of twenty thousand for the militia, who are thronging in from every direction, and equipped according to law. Gen. Henry Stephens left last evening with 1500 soldiers collected from, in, and about Carthage, to disperse the mob, but it is feared that they will turn, to a man, General and all, against the citizens of Nauvoo. Expresses are now running half hourly between this place and Nauvoo and Springfield.

God only knows where this horrid affair will terminate. Gen. Scott has just arrived to take command of the military. I will write you again soon.
                                Yours in great haste,
                                        A SUBSCRIBER.

P. S. An express has this moment been received, that C. A. Warren, Esq., who is master in chancery for Hancock county, has just issued an injunction to prevent Gen. Stephens and his men from joining the mob, but it is feared that it will be of no avail.

N. B. It is said that Gen. Cooles, who is the worthy successor of Gen. John C. Bennett, of Nauvoo, has proceeded to Nauvoo by the Northern Cross Railroad to take charge of all the women of Nauvoo. It is said he is perfectly competent to the undertaking.

To the Patrons of the Signal.

With this No. of the Signal, my connexion with it ceases. I hope that the object for which it was established, will at no very distant day be accomplished -- that of either correcting the unhallowed usurpation power of that band of villains, at Nauvoo, or their extermination from civilized society. And no one acquainted with their organization, has the least hope of any thing being effected which will ever gain the confidence of an honest people -- gathered as they are from all parts of the world, and bound together by religious fanaticism and rascality. In view of this fact, it should be the firm determination of every one holding in veneration the institutions of his country, upon the first outrage against a citizen of this county, to give those "Latter-day Devils," a scathing that will eclipse the "Missouri Persecutions," or in other words Missouri Justice.

Note: In its initial number, on June 7, 1844, the Nauvoo Expositor reported: "We have received the last number of the 'Warsaw Signal,' it is rich with anti-Mormon matter, both editorial and communicated. Among other things it contains a lengthy letter from J. H. Jackson, giving some items in relation to his connection with the 'Mormon Prophet.' The correspondent referred to was Joseph H. Jackson, an associate of the Expositor publishers -- see Jackson's autobiography: The Adventures and Experience of Joseph H. Jackson, Warsaw, 1846. Probably Jackson did assist in attempts to free O. P. Rockwell in Missouri. How much else of his story might be believed is open to question.


Extra.]                       Warsaw, Illinois, June 11, 1844.                       [Extra.

E X T R A.

"The Time is Come!"

                                            TUESDAY JUNE 11, 1844.

Mr. Sharp: -- I hasten to inform you of the UNPARALLELED OUTRAGE, perpetrated upon our rights and interests, by the ruthless, lawless, ruffian band of MORMON MOBOCRATS, at the dictum that of that UNPRINCIPLED wretch Joe Smith.

We were privately informed that the CITY COUNCIL, which had been in extra session, for two days past; had enacted an ordinance in relation to libels, providing that anything that had been published, or anything that might be published tending to disparage the character of the officers of the city should be regarded as LAWLESS. They also declared the "Nauvoo Expositor," a "nuisance," and directed the police of the city to proceed immediately to the office of the Expositor and DESTROY THE PRESS and also the MATERIALS, by THROWING them into the STREET!!!!

If any resistance were made, the officers were directed to demolish the building and property, of all who were concerned in publishing said paper; and also take all into custody, who might refuse to obey the authorities of the City.

Accordingly, a company consisting of some 200 men, armed and equipped, with Muskets, Swords, Pistols, Bowie Knives, Sledge-Hammers, &c, assisted by a crowd of several hundred minions, who volunteered their services on the occasion, marching to the building, and breaking open the doors with a Sledge Hammer, commenced the work of destruction and desperation.

They tumbled the press and materials into the street, and set fire to them, and demolished the machinery with sledge hammer, and injured the building very materially. We made no resistance; but looked on and felt revenge, but leave it for the public to avenge this climax of insult and injury.
                                              C. A. FOSTER.
      June 11,1844.

We received the above communication by the hands of Charles A. Foster, about 1/2 past 11 o'clock to-day. We have only to state, that this is sufficient! War and extermination is inevitable! Citizens ARISE, ONE and ALL!!! -- Can you stand by, and suffer such INFERNAL DEVILS!! to ROB men of their property and RIGHTS, without avenging them. We have no time for comment, every man will make his own. LET IT BE MADE WITH POWDER AND BALL!!!

LATER -- 6 o'clock, P. M. We have just learned from Carthage, that writs have been procured, and officers despatched to Nauvoo, to arrest the perpetrators of the outrage.

It is also rumored, that Joe is causing the arrest of every man in Nauvoo, who is opposed to him, and does not justify his proceedings.

By the stage driver we learn, that the press, &c., were destroyed a little after sun down, last evening.

We await the final result with anxiety. Much excitement exists; but the course determined on, is to throw Joe into opposition in the laws.

It seems that, in destroying the Expositor office, Jo's orders were, if resistance were made, for the officers to demolish the building, and property, of all who were concerned in punishing said paper; and, also, take all into custody who might refuse to obey the authorities of the city.

Accordingly, a company consisting of some 200 men, armed and equipped with muskets, swords, pistols, bowie-knives, sledge-hammers, &c., assisted by a crowd of several hundred minions. who volunteered their services on the occasion, marched in the building, and breaking open the doors with a sledge-hammer, commenced the work of destruction and desolation.

They tumbled the press and materials into the street, and set fire to them, demolished the machinery with a sledge-hammer, and injured the building very materially.

Note: The exact and full contents of this "Extra" have not been located for transcription. Presumably all the important details published on this "slip" were reprinted in the Warsaw Signal on the following day.


NS No. 18.                       Warsaw, Illinois, June 12, 1844.                       Whole 135.


==> A correspondent of the Nauvoo Neighbor, has suggested to Joe the propriety of engaging the services of Mr. Rhett of N. C., to take charge of a Memorial to Congress, from the Mormons. -- This Memorial is to set out the facts in relation to Missiouri difficulties, according to the Mormon version, and to pray Congress for redress. This correspondent also hints that J. P. Hoge is not what he seems to be in relation to the Mormons, and hardly thinks he can be trusted.

"A SAINT'S REWARD." -- We copy from the Nauvoo Expositor, the following advertisement. It will be recollected that the Right Reverent Gentleman spoken of, is one of Joe's bosom companions and confidential counsellors -- no less a personage than he, who was sometime since detected in passing counterfeit money in the Holy City, after having brightened it with an application of salararus:

One Cent Reward.

Whereas my husband, the Rt. Rev. W. H. Harrison Sagers, Esq., has left my bed and board without cause or provocation, this is to notify the public not to harbor or trust him on my account, as I will pay no debts of his contracting.   More anon.
                                                  LUCINDA SAGERS.
June 7, 1844.

==> The Grand jury of Hancock county, Illinois, are said to have found several indictments against Joe Smith. They are said to be for adultery, perjury, and such like trivial offences. -- St. Louis New Era.

So, your St. Louis morality, Mr. New Era, calls 'perjury,' 'adultery,' &c., trivial offences!" very good. If Joe, by perjury, should cause an innocent man to be hung, it would be a trifling affair, and people at a distance, who take no pains to enquire into our real situation, would say submit to legalized murder, or be branded as mobocrats if you resist. Well the old citizens will abide their time. We hope they will commit no rash act, for they need not expect that distant communities will regard any breech of the peace by them as "trivial offences." Let them act cautiously, but firmly, submit to the law, when fairly administered; but resist tyranny and oppression, no matter whether imposed with, or without a legal formula.

TYRANNY. -- We learn from the last Expositor that the case of R. D. Foster, C. S. Higbee and C. A. Foster in appeal, before the Municipal Court, was last week taken up, and after consideration was remanded to the inferior court with a procedendo. We have only to say, that we hope that they will have the courage to resist the attempt to collect the fine ($100,) imposed on them. It is illegal -- the officer who attempts to collect it, is a trespasser, and the aggrieved would be justified in refusing to pay, or suffering any of their property to be taken to pay the sum thus attempted to be extorted from them. Let them resist; they can find backers.

Can Joe Smith have a fair trial in this County?

The St. Louis Gazette, quotes our remark that we do not believe Joe Smith safe out of Nauvoo, and thereupon makes the following comments: "If this is the case, how can it be expected that Joe can have a fair trial for his imputed offences?" We answer, that we do not believe that Joe can have a fair trial in this county. No! he can suborn a sufficient number of witnesses to swear any jury out of countenance; and besides this, the jury of this county will hereafter be of his own selection. How then can we procure a fair trial for Joe? How can justice be made to reach him?

The Gazette may not know, that in all cases where Joe, or one of his favorites is a party at Law, the opposite party are even now subjected to the inconvenience and expense of a change of venue. If such is the case now, what may we not expect after the August Election, when Joe will doubtlessly have the County Commissioner's Court under his control? This object attained, he can select, and will select our jurors, both Grand and Petit. -- He will also, if we do not mistake, have one of his cut-throats for sheriff, and then what chance, we ask you Mr. Gazette, will those in this county, who do not think proper to bow the knee to this abominable blackguard and impostor, have to obtain justice? We have one chance left: Joe will doubtlessly have the power to oppress, but if he attempts to exercise it, we will throw ourselves on our reserved rights. Justice we will have. If the law is cheated out of its efficacy and can no longer protect our persons and property, we have the consolation to know that steel and gun powder can.

The  Nauvoo  Expositor.

We have received the first number of this long looked for paper. In both its editorial and mechanical departments, it is highly creditable, and we hail it as an efficient auxiliary in the good cause of prostrating Joe's influence, and exposing his villainy.

The first number contains a long exposition of the views of the new church or dissenters. They still adhere to the doctrines officially taught by Joe, "which is contained in the Old and New Testament, the Book of Mormon, and Doctrine and Dovenants, as verily true." They speak of Joe as the embodiment of every abomination, and state the reasons why they have not heretofore been exposed, -- which is, that they had hoped that gentle reproof in private would produce reform. They then draw the following picture of the condition and treatment, by Hon. Joe, of poor females in Nauvoo:

It is a notorious fact, that many females in foreign climes, and in countries to us unknown, even in the most distant regions of the Eastern hemisphere, have been induced, by the sound of the gospel, to forsake friends, and embark upon a voyage across waters that lie stretched over the [greatest] portion of the globe, as they supposed, to glorify God, that they might thereby stand acquitted in the great day of God Almighty. But what is taught them on their arrival at this place? They are visited by some of the strikers, for we know not what else to call them, and are requested to hold on and be faithful, for there are great blessings awaiting the righteous; and that God has great mysteries in store for those who love the Lord, and cling to brother Joseph. They are also notified [that] brother Joseph will see them soon, and reveal the mysteries of heaven to their full understanding, which seldom fails to inspire them with new confidence in the Prophet, [as well as] a great anxiety to know what God has laid up in store for them, in return for the great sacrifice of father and mother, of gold and silver, which they gladly left far behind, that they might be gathered into the fold, and numbered among the chosen of God. They are visited again, and what is the result? They are requested to meet brother Joseph, or some of the Twelve, at some insulated point, or at some particularly described place on the bank of the Mississippi, or at some room, which wears upon its front Positively NO admittance. The harmless, inoffensive, and unsuspecting creatures, are so devoted to the Prophet, and the cause of Jesus Christ, that they do not dream of the deep-laid and fatal scheme which prostrates happiness, and renders death itself desirable, but they meet him, expecting to receive through him a blessing, and learn the will of the Lord concerning them, and what awaits the faithful follower[s] of Joseph, the Apostle and Prophet of God, when in the stead thereof, they are told, after having been sworn [a] most solemn manner, to never divulge what is revealed to them, with a penalty of death attached, that God Almighty has revealed it to him, that she should be his (Joseph's) Spiritual wife; for it was right anciently, and God will tolerate it again; but we must keep those pleasures and blessings from the world, for until there is a change in the government, we will endanger ourselves by practicing it -- but we can enjoy the blessings of Jacob, David, and others, as well as to be deprived of them, if we do not expose ourselves to the law of the land. She is thunder-struck, faints, recovers, and refuses. The Prophet damns her if she rejects. She thinks of the great sacrifice, and of the many thousand miles she has traveled over sea and land, that she might save her soul from pending ruin, and replies, God's will be done, and not mine. The Prophet and his devotees in this way are gratified. The next step to avoid public exposition from the common course of things, they are sent away for a time, until all is well; after which they return, as from a long visit.

The Dissenters complain that many false and damnable doctrines are taught in the church -- such as: 1st. plurality of Gods. This doctrine is, that the God of the Earth, is not the God of the Universe, but as much inferior to him, as we are to the God who immediately presides over us, and the latter and his creatures are subject to fail, as did Lucifer.

2nd. The Doctrine of Spritual Wives. This doctrine is, that a man may have Spiritual wives, or may marry virgins; -- "That David and Solomon had many wives, yet in this they sinned not, save in the matter of Uriah."

3d. The Doctrine of Unconditional Sealing up. This doctrine teaches, that a man may be sealed on this earth, so that no matter what crime or act he may be guilty of, save the shedding of innocent blood, he will be saved eternally.

The Dissenters conclude their exposition with a series of resolutions from which we extract the following:

[see Expositor text for resolutions and affidavits]


Below we give the particulars of the most diabolical outrage that has ever been perpetrated in this free country. Had it been the act of an excited multitude, it would have appeared much more excusable; but it was the deliberate work of men who acted not from the impulse of a sudden emotion, nor amid the tumult of an intoxicated multitude. It was done in cold blood! and is there any thing further needed to exhibit the feindish and tyrannical disposition of Joe and his sattelites. To comment on this most wanton act would be an insult to our readers.

The following are the particulars which appeared in our extra of yesterday:

                                            TUESDAY JUNE 11, 1844.

Mr. Sharp: -- I hasten to inform you of the UNPARALLELED OUTRAGE, perpetrated upon our rights and interests, by the ruthless, lawless, ruffian band of MORMON MOBOCRATS, at the dictum that of that UNPRINCIPLED wretch Joe Smith.

We were privately informed that the CITY COUNCIL, which had been in extra session, for two days past; had enacted an ordinance in relation to libels, providing that anything that had been published, or anything that might be published tending to disparage the character of the officers of the city should be regarded as LAWLESS. They also declared the "Nauvoo Expositor," a "nuisance," and directed the police of the city to proceed immediately to the office of the Expositor and DESTROY THE PRESS and also the MATERIALS, by THROWING them into the STREET!!!!

If any resistance were made, the officers were directed to demolish the building and property, of all who were concerned in publishing said paper; and also take all into custody, who might refuse to obey the authorities of the City.

Accordingly, a company consisting of some 200 men, armed and equipped, with Muskets, Swords, Pistols, Bowie Knives, Sledge-Hammers, &c, assisted by a crowd of several hundred minions, who volunteered their services on the occasion, marching to the building, and breaking open the doors with a Sledge Hammer, commenced the work of destruction and desperation.

They tumbled the press and materials into the street, and set fire to them, and demolished the machinery with sledge hammer, and injured the building very materially. We made no resistance; but looked on and felt revenge, but leave it for the public to avenge this climax of insult and injury.
                                              C. A. FOSTER.
      June 11,1844.

We received the above communication by the hands of Charles A. Foster, about 1/2 past 11 o'clock to-day. We have only to state, that this is sufficient! War and extermination is inevitable! Citizens ARISE, ONE and ALL!!! -- Can you stand by, and suffer such INFERNAL DEVILS!! to ROB men of their property and RIGHTS, without avenging them. We have no time for comment, every man will make his own. LET IT BE MADE WITH POWDER AND BALL!!!

We take the following, from an extra of the Nauvoo Neighbor. It shows the devils in their proper light.


A knot of base men, to further their wicked and malicious designs towards the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and to bolster up the intents of blacklegs and bogus-makers, and advocate the characters of murderers, established a press in this city last week, and issued a paper entitled the Nauvoo Expositor. The prospectus showed an intention to destroy the charter, and the paper was filled with libels and slanderous articles upon the citizens and City Council from one end to the other.

"A burnt child dreads the fire." The Church as a body and individually has suffered till "forbearance has ceased to be a virtue." The cries and pleadings of men, women and children, with the authorities were, "Will you suffer that servile, murderous paper to go on and vilify and slander the innocent inhabitants of this city, and raise another mob to drive and plunder us again as they did in Missouri?" Under these pressing cries and supplications of afflicted innocence, and in the character, dignity, and honor of the corporate powers of the charter, as granted to the city of Springfield, and made and provided as a part of our charter for legislative purposes -- viz.. "to declare what shall be a nuisance and to prevent and remove the same." The City Council of Nauvoo on Monday, the 10th instant, declared the establishment and Expositor a nuisance; and the city marshal, at the head of the police, in the evening, took the press, materials and paper into the street and burned them.

And in the name of freemen, and in the name of God, we beseech all men who have the spirit of honor in them to cease from persecuting us, collectively or individually. Let us enjoy our religion, rights and peace like the rest of mankind. Why start presses to destroy rights and privileges, and bring upon us mobs to plunder and murder? We ask no more than what belongs to us -- the Rights of Americans.

LATER -- 6 o'clock, P. M. We have just learned from Carthage, that writs have been procured, and officers despatched to Nauvoo, to arrest the prepetrators of the outrage.

It is also rumored, that Joe is causing the arrest of every man in Nauvoo, who is opposed to him, and does not justify his proceedings.

By the Stage Driver, we learn that the Press, &c., were destroyed a little after sun down, last evening.

We await the final result with anxiety. Much excitement exists; but the course determined on, is to throw Joe into opposition to the Laws.


We have conversed with a gentleman of undoubted veracity, who was in Nauvoo, and present in the council room, at the time the ordinance to destroy the Expositor press, was under consideration, and from him, we received the following items from the speeches of Joe and Hyrum Smith.

Joe became very much excited in the course of his speech, and appeared wrathy at his own followers, because of their not entering into his schemes with sufficient zeal. In giving vent to his feelings he used the following language: "If you (the people of Nauvoo) will not stick by me, and WADE TO YOUR KNEES IN BLOOD FOR MY SAKE, you may go to Hell and be Damned, and I will go and build another City!!!"

Hyrum directed his fire against the PRESS; and in relation to the editor of this paper, he made use of the following language: "We had better send a message to long-nosed Sharp, that if he does not look out he might be visited with a PINCH OF SNUFF, that will make him SNEEZE." At this burst of oratory, the council were convulsed with laughter.

In relation to our Press, he said, "If any person would go to Warsaw boldly, in daylight, and BREAK THE PRESS of the SIGNAL OFFICE, with a sledge hammer, he would BEAR HIM OUT , if it cost him his farm. He could only be taken with a warrant at any rate, and WHAT GOOD WILL THAT DO!

These extracts, will show, the Rulers of Nauvoo have doffed their saintly robes, and have come out in their true characters of HELLISH FIENDS. Yes! Hyrum & Joe are as truly Devils, as though they had served an apprenticeship of half of eternity in the Infernal Pit.
And now Hyrum, in relation to your threats, we wish no better sport than you should send your minions here to destroy our press. Let them come!! We are ANXIOUS!!! As regards your threats to our person, we scorn them. We DEFY YOU, AND YOUR hosts! Recollect that OUR DEATH will be AVENGED!!! You, Devil as you are, cannot intimidate us. We will write and publish WHAT WE PLEASE, AND AS WE PLEASE!!!

STILL LATER. -- 11 o'clock Wednesday morning. We have kept our paper back until this hour, in order to give the result of the meeting in Carthage. (The stage however brings no later news than we gave last evening. The meeting proceeded no further than to send officers with process to Nauvoo. We anxiously await the result. We will not promise our readers a paper next week; but we will issue extras on the arrival of every item of news.

The Citizens of this place held a meeting last night. The right feeling was up and at our meeting, which will be held this evening, our course will be determined on. We will issue an extra giving the result.

Green Plains has a meeting this afternoon, at 3 o'xlock.

                                                          For the Warsaw Signal.
Mr. Editor:

Some of the Joeites have hinted that many of the "dissenters" are anxious to be reinstated, or return back to the Prophet's Church. I think this all humbug -- I judge from a certain communication sent to his Holiness by one of the dissenters, R. D. Foster. Below you will find a copy of said sweet morsel to Joe.

                                          Nauvoo, June 7, 1844.

Sir: -- I have consulted myfriends in relation to your proposals of settlement, and they, as well as myself, are of the opinion that your conduct, and that of your unworthy clan, is so base, that it would be morally wrong, and detract from the dignity of a gentleman, to hold conference with you -- the repeated insults and abused, I, as well as my friends, have suffered from your unlawful course towards us, demand honorable resentment. We are resolved to make this our motto -- nothing on our part has been done to provoke your anger; but have done all things as become man. You have trampled upon every thing we held dear and sacred -- you have set all law at defiance and profaned the name of the most high, to carry out your damnable purposes -- and I have nothing more to fear from you, than you have already threatened; and I, as well as my friends, will stay here, and maintain and magnify the law, as long as we do stay. We are resolved never to leave until we sell or exchange the property that we have here.

The proposals made by your agent (D. Huntingdon) as well as the threats you sent to intimidate me, I disdain, and [despise], as I do the unhallowed author. The rights of my family and friends, demand at my hands a refusal of all your offers. We are united in virtue and truth, and we sell hell at defiance and all her agents.

                                                          For the Signal.

It is rumored that his majesty, Joe, had prophesied that the "Nauvoo Expositor," would never make its appearance. The proprietors of the new press, took the hint; and I am informed that a guard watches around the office of the Expositor, to keep off the "Danites."

The "New Paper" has made its appearance -- and judging from the contents, we must conclude that the dissenters have good cause for leaving Joe to take care of himself.

The Nauvoo Bogus factories are in full blast, judging from the quantity of base, and counterfeit coin in the city. Since the Mormons have learned they are safe as regards punishment by our laws, they seem bold in talking about their Bogus operations, &c. How long, how long will such wretches go unwhipped?

There are many honest, well meaning men in Nauvoo -- many that have been robbed of property, by their unprinciples leaders. They have got one eye at least open -- they dare not speak, and would be glad to return from whence they came. And Mr. Editor, what think you, in relation to collecting funds for these unfortunate beings, and help them out of the sink of iniquity?     P. S.
Nauvoo, June 8, 1844.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Extra.]                    Warsaw, Illinois, Friday, June 14, 1844.                    {Extra.

E X T R A.

At a meeting of the citizens of Warsaw, convened the 14th June, the following address, reported by Thos. C. Sharp, Esq. was unanimously adopted, and ordered to be published in conexion with the Resolutions adopted by the mass meeting at Carthage yesterday.

The following resolutions were adapted by a meeting of the citizens of Warsaw, on Wednesday last, and the same, as will be perceived by the proceedings that followed, were also adopted by the mass meeting assembled at Carthage yesterday. These Resolutions are of the strongest character, and indicate a depth of feeling which can find vent only in revenge for the repeated insults and injuries which the citizens of this vicinity have endured; as well as for the recent outrage, in destroying by mob violence, the press of the Nauvoo Expositor, a paper opposed to the interest of Joe Smith, and his miscreant band.

In presenting these Resolutions to the world, it seems necessary, least our motives and conduct should be censured, to submit to a candid, public, plain and unvarnished statement, of the situation in which we are placed, but a combination of circumstances, against which no prudence could guard us, and from which no thing but desperate means can rescue us.

The City Council of Nauvoo have, within the last two years, passed a series of ordinances, contrary to the spirit and intent of their Charter, which were intended as they avowed, to screen the adherents of the Prophet, as also the Prophet himself, from arrest, by the state authorities, and to liberate them from custody whenever they should be so arrested. Repeated attempts have been made to arrest Smith, but he has been uniformly screened from the officers of Justice, by the aid of the Municipal Court, which is the tool and echo of himself. Our state authorities have not seen proper heretofore, to call out force sufficient to put thel law in execution. Having repeatedly set all law at defiance, both in his own case, as well as that of his favorites, with impunity, he has grown more daring, and recently, we behold him giving shelter and protection to a criminal who had offended against the laws of the State, rescuing him from the custody of its officers, and refusing to surrender him, until the Executive had given the minister of the Law plenary power, to call in the aid of the military.

The high-handed measures of this self-constituted despot had raised, eved within his own dominion, a powerful opposition. The honest and respectable of his followers became alarmed at the usurpation and tyranny, daily practiced in the city. They protested against his high-handed measures; but they were only heard to be insulted, and spurned with contempt. Finding reformation impossible they manfully came out, and avowed their determination to resist, and subvert his power. To that end they procured a press and printing materials, that they might have an organ through which to speak.

The Prophet finding that his villainies and usurpations were about to be exposed in their naked deformity, and seeing the impossibility of sustaining himself with so powerful an engine as the Press located in the midst of his followers, leveled [all] his villainies and usurpations, determined on its destruction. He called together the City Council, and without shadow of authority and in the teeth of the Constitution of this State, and of the U. States, ordered the destruction of the press and printing materials. This order was promptly obeyed by the Marshall of the city aided by a mob.

But content with this violence within the borders of the city, the brother of this miscreant, publicly threatened the press and material of the Warsaw Signal and the life of its Editor. Having had the audacity to commit one of the most daring outrages ever perpetrated in a free country, here is reason to expect that if opportunity presents itself, the threats against us, will be fulfilled. Nevertheless we fear nothing. We "defy his power and scorn his wealth." The outrages committed by this same villain and his band in Missouri show him to be a devil capable of any deed, however black or damnable, if thereby he can rid himself of his enemies.

Positive proof exists, that he, some time since, sent one of his miscreants to assassinate Gov. Boggs, of Missouri, -- that within the last year he has offered reward to his minions to take the lives of some of our most valuable citizens -- that he is the head of a band of counterfeiters. who are inundating the country with base coin, and that he has about him, an armed and organized band, whose only constitution is, perfect obedience to the commands of this Fiend. With such a desperado and villain in our midst, having the command of two thousand armed and disciplined men, and whom the law cannot reach by any ordinary process, are we safe? When the law ceases to protect life and property; when it is cheated out of its efficacy by an organized banditti, how shall we find protection? When our Political rights are gone, and all legal remedies fail, what shall we do? What can we do, but throw ourselves for protection on that arm which God and Nature intended every man should use as a last resort.

This community will throw itself for protection on its reserved rights, if the safety of our lives and property cannot be ensured to us by legal means; and we hope to be sustained by those generous communities that surround us, who, we are sure will not stand by and suffer with impunity the virtuous to be trampled to dust by a bend of villains. We proclaim to the world in the resolutions that follow, that forbearance has ceased to be a virtue; and for our own safety and protection, the authors of our grievances must be driven from our midst, or submit to the laws. -- The Last outrage, in the destruction of the press of the Expositor at Nauvoo, caps the climax of their iniquity. For this violation of the rights of our neighbors, we have sought redress by legal means: but the offenders who were arrested have been rescued from our officers -- the Law is again put at defiance, and the only recourse left us to take up arms. If we fail in this, (which God forbid) we must bow the knee and submit to the yoke of tyrant, who is the masterpiece of Hell's workmanship. We must leave our property and our homes, or live in constant fear of assassination, or in dread of the destruction of our worldly wealth.

To the communities that surround us we appeal! Will you come to the rescue? Will you aid us to rid the Earth of a pest such as has never before poluted its surface since it was redeemed from Chaos? Come on then Ye men of generous souls! Lay aside sectional prejudices and former grudges, and unite with us in the cause of Virtue and Liberty! We are no mob setting ourselves up above the law, but we seek to establish by every means in our power the supremacy of the law over villains that have long defied it.

And we would say to such as heretofore have been connected with the Mormon Church, but are yet desirous of supporting the supremacy of the laws and their government, that there is no disposition on our part to molest them in person or property; it is only such as make themselves accessory to his crimes, by the defence and support of Smith, and such of his followers as may unite with him in resistance to the laws.

An indignation meeting was held at Carthage on June 13, 1844, by Hancock County citizens opposed to the Mormons and the course of action taken in Nauvoo. Among the resolutions passed on that occasion was the following:

"Resolved, that the time, in our opinion, has arrived, when the adherents of Smith, as a Body, should be driven from the surrounding settlements, into Nauvoo. That the Prophet and his miscreant adherents, should then be demanded at their hands, and if not surrendered, a war of extermination should be waged to the entire destruction, if necessary for our protection, of his adherents."

At a mass meeting of the citizens of Hancock county, convened at Carthage on the 13th day of June, 1844 Mr. Knox was appointed president, John Dory and Lewis F. Evans, vice-presidents; and William Y. Head, secretary.

Henry Stephens, Esq., presented the following resolutions, passed at a meeting of the citizens of Warsaw, and urged the adoption of them as the sense of this meeting.

Preamble and Resolutions.

Whereas information has reached us, about which there can be no question, that the authorities of Nauvoo did recently pass an ordinance declaring a printing press and newspaper published by the opponents of the Prophet a nuisance, and in pursuance thereof did direct the Marshal of the city and his adherents to enter by force the building from whence the paper was issued, and violently (if necessary) to take possession of the press and printing materials, and thereafter to burn and destroy the same; and whereas, in pursuance of said ordinance, the Marshal and his adherents, together with a mob of Mormons, did, after sunset on the evening of the 10th instant, violently enter said building in a tumultuous manner, burn and destroy the press and other materials found on the premises.

And whereas Hyrum Smith did, in the presence of the City Council and the citizens of Nauvoo, offer a reward for the destruction of the printing press and materials of the Warsaw Signal, a newspaper also opposed to his interests;

And whereas the liberty of the press is one of the cardinal principles of our government, firmly guaranteed by the several constitutions of the states, as well as the United States;

And whereas, Hyrum Smith has within the last week publicly threatened the life of one of our valued citizens, Thomas C. Sharp, the editor of the Signal;

Therefore, be it solemnly

Resolved by the citizens of Warsaw in public meeting assembled, that we view the recent ordinance of the city of Nauvoo, and the proceedings thereunder as an outrage of an alarming character, revolutionary and tyrannical in tendency, and being under color of law as calculated to subvert and destroy in the minds of the community all reliance on the law.

Resolved, that as a community we feel anxious, when possible, to redress our grievances by legal remedies; but the time has now arrived when the law has ceased to be a protection to our lives and property. A mob at Nauvoo, under a city ordinance, has violated the highest privilege in government; and to seek redress in the ordinary mode would be utterly ineffectual.

Resolved, that the public threat made in the Council of the city, not only to destroy our printing-press, but to take the life of its editor, is sufficient, in connection with the recent outrage, to command the efforts and the services of every good citizen to put an immediate stop to the career of the mad prophet and his demoniac coadjutors. We must not only defend ourselves from danger, but we must resolutely carry the war into the enemy's camp. We do therefore declare that we will sustain our press and the editor at all hazards; that we will take full vengeance, terrible vengeance, should the lives of any of our citizens be lost in the effort; that we hold ourselves at all times in readiness to co-operate with our fellow-citizens in this state, Missouri and Iowa, to exterminate, utterly exterminate the wicked and abominable Mormon leaders, the authors of our troubles.

Resolved, that a committee of five be appointed forthwith to notify all persons in our township suspected of being the tools of the prophet to leave immediately on pain of instant vengeance. And we do recommend the inhabitants of the adjacent townships to do the same, hereby pledging ourselves to render all the assistance they may require.

Resolved, that the time, in our opinion, has arrived, when the adherents of Smith, as a body, should be driven from the surrounding settlements into Nauvoo. That the prophet and his miscreant adherents should then he demanded at their hands; and, if not surrendered, a war of extermination should be waged to the entire destruction, if necessary for our protection, of his adherents. And we hereby recommend this resolution to the consideration of the several townships, to the Mass Convention to be held at Carthage, hereby pledging ourselves to aid to the utmost the complete consummation of the object in view, that we may thereby be utterly relieved of the alarm, anxiety and trouble to which we are now subjected.

Resolved that every citizen arm himself to be prepared to sustain the resolutions herein contained.

Mr. Roosevelt rose and made a brief but eloquent speech, and called upon the citizens throughout the country to render efficient aid in carrying out the spirit of the resolutions. Mr. Roosevelt then moved a committee of seven be appointed by the chair to draft resolutions expressive of our action in future.

Mr. Carlin moved to amend the motion of Mr. Roosevelt, so that the committee should consist of one from each precinct; which motion, as amended, was adopted.

The chair then appointed the following: Col. Levi. Williams, Rocky Run precinct; Joel Carlin, Augusta; Samuel Williams, Carthage; Elisha Worrell, Chili; Captain Maddison, St. Mary's; John M. Ferris, Fountain Green; James Rice, Pilot Grove; John Carns, Bear Creek; C. L. Higbee, Nauvoo; George Robinson, La Harpe; and George Rockwell, Warsaw, were appointed said committee.

On motion of Mr. Sympson, Walter Bagby, Esq., was requested to address the meeting during the absence of the committee. He spoke long and eloquently upon the cause of our grievances, and expressed his belief that the time was now at hand when we were individually and collectively called upon to repel the innovations upon our liberties, and suggested that points be designated as places of encampment at which to rendezvous our forces, that we may be ready when called upon for efficient action.

Dr. Barnes, one of the persons who went with the officers to Nauvoo for the purpose of arresting the rioters, having just arrived, came into the meeting and reported the result of their proceedings, which was, that the persons charged in the writs were duly arrested, but taken from the officers' hands on a writ of habeas corpus from the Municipal Court, and discharged, and the following potent words entered upon the records -- honorably released.

On motion of O. C. Skinner, Esq., a vote of thanks was tendered to Dr. Barnes for volunteering his services in executing said writs.

Francis M. Higbee was now loudly called for. He stated his personal knowledge of the Mormons from their earliest history -- throughout their hellish career in Missouri and this state -- which has been characterized by the darkest and most diabolical deeds which have ever disgraced humanity.

The committee appointed to draft resolutions brought in the following report, which, after some considerable discussion, was unanimously adopted:

Whereas, the officer charged with the execution of a writ against Joseph Smith and others, for riot in the county of Hancock, which said writ said officer has served upon said Smith and others; and whereas said Smith and others refuse to obey the mandate of said writ; and whereas in the opinion of this meeting, it is impossible for said officer so raise a posse of sufficient strength to execute said writ; and whereas it is the opinion of this meeting that the riot is still progressing and that violence is meditated and determined on, it is the opinion of this meeting that the circumstances of the case require the interposition of executive power. Therefore,

Resolved, that a deputation of two discreet men be sent to Springfield to solicit such interposition.

2nd, Resolved, that said deputation be furnished with a certified copy of the resolution, and be authorized to obtain evidence, by affidavits and otherwise, in regard to the violence which has already been committed, and is still further meditated.

Dr. Evans here arose and expressed his wish that the above resolutions would not retard our operations, but that we would each one arm and equip ourselves forthwith.

The resolutions passed at Warsaw were again read by Dr. Barnes, and passed by acclamation. On motion of A. Sympson, Esq., the suggestion of Mr. Bagby, appointing places of encampment, was adopted -- to-wit., Warsaw, Carthage, Green Plains, Spilman's landing, Chili and La Harpe.

On motion, O. C. Skinner and Walter Bagby, Esqs., were appointed a committee to bear the resolutions adopted by this meeting to his Excellency the Governor, requiring his executive interposition.

On motion of J. H. Sherman, a central corresponding committee was appointed.

Order that J. H. Sherman, H. T. Wilson, Chauncey Robinson, William S. Freeman, Thomas Morrison, F. M. Higbee, Lyman Prentiss, and Stephen H. Tyler be said committee,

On motion of George Rockwell,

Resolved that constables in the different precincts hold themselves in readiness to obey the officer in possession of the writs, whenever called upon, in summoning the posse.

On motion, the meeting adjourned.

JOHN KNOX, President.
LEWIS F. EVANS, Vice-Presidents.
W. Y. HEAD, Secretary.

(under construction)

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