Vol. III. Oregon City, May 30, 1857. No. 7.
Freaks of Popular Sovereignty Among the Mormons
NEW GOVERNOR OF UTAH. -- We had the gratification yesterday morning of a call from Judge W. W. Drummond, of Chicago, late Chief Justice of Utah Territory. He was in that condition of fine health and spirits in which we always rejoice to see good, sturdy, manly democrats. He entertained us for a considerable time with an account of his personal and judicial experience among the saints, and of their manners, habits, history, notions and purposes. Although we were disgusted with this set of miserable fanatics from accounts which had already reached us, some relations given by Judge Drummond, in addition to those contained in his letter to Attorney-General Black, added many revolting shades to the picture.
Vol. III. Oregon City, June 13, 1857. No. 9.
NEW GOVERNOR OF UTAH. -- The Washington Union announces, at the head of its leading editorial column, that it understands that the Governorship of Utah Territory has been tendered to Major Benjamin McCullough, of Texas, and "that there is every reason to believe he will accept the office," The Union says: "It would be difficult to name another person who combines in himself so many qualities for the successful discharge of the duties of this important and delicate trust as are undoubtedly possessed by major McCollough." This reads much as if the Administration intended bestowing unequivocal attention upon the Salt Lake community. It is presumed that the great mass of the Mormon people will be gald to avail themselves of an opportunity to escape from the loathsome and exacting despotism of the obscene prophets, and that the notorious braggart, Brigham Young, could not, if he dare, raise much of a rebellion.
Vol. III. Oregon City, July 4, 1857. No. 12.
==> The Utica (N. Y.) Herald of April 21st says: "Eight hundred Mormons passed through this city night before last en route for Utah. They occupied some 30 cars. They were mostly English and Scotch. One of the 'leaders' had a pleasant little responsibility of fifteen wives."
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, July 11, 1857. No. 33.
Beauties of Brigham Young.
In one of this "old sinner's" discourses at Salt Lake, we notice sundry gems, which may, perhaps, be read with the same instruction and profit, as going to show the sort of spiritual food which the "saints" in that region regale themselves with:
Vol. III. Oregon City, July 11, 1857. No. 13.
From the Chicago Press,
We have had a number of interviews with the Hon. W. W. Drummond since his arival in this city from Utah, and have learned much from him of the manner in which affairs are conducted in that modern Sodom. Judge Drummond expresses freely his belief that the design of Brigham Young and the Mormon leaders generally is to build up a sovereignty in Utah, acknowledging no allegience to the Constitution and laws of the United States. Even now the Mormons draw a broad line of distinction between themselves and American citizens. They glory in the appellation of Mormon, while American is a term of reproach among them, synonymous with "Gentile."
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, July 18, 1857. No. 34.
The Mormon Wife.
Vol. III. Oregon City, July 18, 1857. No. 14.
BRIGHAM YOUNG, THE MORMON. -- It appears from an article in the Buffalo Commercial that President Fillmore, in appointing Brigham Young to Governorship of Utah, did so after consulting many respectable persons in the several States, among them Col. Thos. L. Kane, of Philadelphia, a brother of the late Dr. Kane the Artic navigator. Col. Kane spent many months in Utah, and at that time formed a high opinion of Brigham Young. It seems, however, that at the time the appointment was made, the doctrine of polygamy was not avowed by the Mormons, and that if they practiced it, they did so and concealed the fact from the world. They have since incorporated it in their creed as one of their leading articles, and have openly defended it, and hence the just indignation which has everywhere been expressed throughout the country. It is further stated that Brigham's nomination was confirmed by the United States Senate without the slightest opposition.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, July 25, 1857. No. 35.
For the Oregonian.
Vol. III. Oregon City, July 25, 1857. No. 15.
Interesting Letter from Judge Drummond
Chicago, Ill., Monday, May 4, 1857.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, August 1, 1857. No. 36.
THE POPULATION OF UTAH. -- The facts which have been elicited within the last few weeks show that the "Saints" have systematically palmed off spurious enumerations upon the public. In the early part of the year 1853, the Mormons estimated their strength in Utah roundly at from 30,000 to 35,000, but at the fall conference of that year, as appears from the regular census taken by themselves, they did not quite come up to 19,000. According to information obtained from the Mormon agency in St. Louis in 1855, it appears that the immigration of 1854 was only about 3,500, that 2,600 was the sum total reported as shipped from Liverpool for 1853, and that 3,000 only were the numbers intended to be sent over the plains the same year. With these data, and making a fair allowance for the loss and gain, the population in 1855 was estimated by the Hon. B. G. Ferris at 18,500. From these slender figures they have gone on magnifying their population until they have actually induced most persons to believe it one hundred thousand. At the present time it does not reach 40,000.
Vol. III. Oregon City, August 1, 1857. No. 16.
==> Mrs. McLean, the wife of the man who shot Pratt, the Mormon Elder, has published a defence of her conduct, and of Pratt. It shows the great delusion of which she has been made the victim. She accuses her husband of neglect previous to her conversion to Mormonism, and acquits the Mormon Elder of having attempted to get her away from him. She says that all the advances were made by herself. -- Her story is intermingled with scraps of very bad verses, and shows that her husband did not lose much when she ran away from him. She certainly was not worth killing even a Mormon Elder for.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, August 8, 1857. No. 37.
For the Oregonian.
Vol. III. Oregon City, August 8, 1857. No. 17.
The Utah Expedition.
Washington, June 29.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, August 15, 1857. No. 38.
CALIFORNIA EMIGRATION. -- The St. Louis Republican of the 13th June says:
Vol. III. Oregon City, August 15, 1857. No. 18.
==> On the 28th of October last, Hiram F. Morrell was appointed postmaster at Salt Lake City, Utah, in the place of Elias Smith, removed. The credentials were regularly forwarded from the Department, but never delivered to Mr. Morrell. Duplicates followed, with no better success. Mr. Morrell, being now at the seat of the General Government, has received his commission, qualified before the Hon. Geo. P. Stiles, associate judge of Utah, now in Washington, entered into the bonds required, and will start, fully empowered to take charge of the post office ar Salt Lake City.
Vol. III. Oregon City, August 22, 1857. No. 19.
SUMMARY MEASURES. -- That old sinner, Brigham Young, in a late speech to his "Saints," made the following declaration, which has a light air of parental severity:
Vol. III. Oregon City, August 29, 1857. No. 20.
S P E E C H
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, September 5, 1857. No. 41.
The immigration to California via the plains is reputed larger than any other year since '52. One half of those having control of the wagons are heads of families, [and are ------- ---- ----] immigration [----] from Missouri, Iowa, Texas and Arkansas. All the trains have cattle and many of them mules and horses. As far as known, there are 25,000 head of cattle, and from 2,000 to 3,000 head of mules and horses. The cattle have been affected with a disease peculiar to the Humboldt and Carson Valley, many dying. But few deaths have occurred among the immigrants. Many of them are stopping at Carson Valley and taking farms....
Vol. III. Oregon City, September 12, 1857. No. 22.
THE NEW GOVERNOR OF UTAH. -- Col. Cumming, the new Governor of Utah, who is to put an end to the reign of "Brother Brigham," is said to be a gentleman of the exact type of character best suited to that most difficult and responsible post. Conversant with all phases of life, and experienced in every degree of fortune, he is admirably adapted to exercise executibe functions in the Territory to which he has been appointed. Col Cumming was at one time an extensive merchant in Augusta, Ga., but failed. Removing to St. ouis, he established himself as a sutler to the forces stationed at Jefferson Barracks, and was subsequently appointed Indian Agent, the duties of which he discharged with great discretion and judgment. -- Baltimore Sun.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, September 19, 1857. No. 43.
EASTERN BOUND EMIGRANTS BY OVERLAND ROUTE. -- Wm. I. Johnson and company arrived at Salt Lake City, on the 4th July, and left on the 7th. They were from California and went by way of Pitt River and Nancy Lake Valley, having left Yreka June 3d. They experienced no trouble from the Indians and expected to reach the frontiers of the States early in August.
Vol. III. Oregon City, September 19, 1857. No. 23.
UTAH Washington, Aug. 2. -- The instructions to Gov. Cumming were completed to-day. They are brief and specified. He is to see that the laws of the United States are faithfully executed. No man in Utah is to be affected for his political or religious opinions, but held responsible for his conduct. Should the civil authorities be unable to enforce the laws, military forces are then to be employed. -- While Gov. C.'s powers are ample for all practical purposes, much is confided to his discretion. -- Cor. N. Y. Times.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, September 26, 1857. No. 44.
OVERLAND EMIGRATION FOR OREGON. -- We are informed by Mr. J. W. Berry, of Logansport, Indiana, who has just arrived across the Plains, that there are five hundred wagons, and about fifteen hundred emigrants en route for Oregon. He left the Oregon emigrants at Bear River, who were coming on the Fort Bridger or Northern route. The party were well armed, and prepared for any emergency with the Indians. They had a large amount of fine stock, which was in good order. The grass was good all the way. When Mr. Berry left the train no difficulty had occurred except a little fight with the Sioux Indians. on Sweetwater, eight miles from Devil's Gate. Four whites were killed, and between twenty and thirty Indians. The whites drove the Indians back. Mr. B. informs us that he met fourteen hundred United States troops between Forts Kearney and Laramie, on their way to Salt Lake.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, October 3, 1857. No. 45.
SUICIDE. -- J. B. Backenstos committed suicide by drowning himself in the Willamette river, opposite this city, on Friday night, September 25th.
Vol. III. Oregon City, October 3, 1857. No. 25.
==> Col. J. B. Backenstos of Portland committed suicide by drowning, on Friday night of last week.
Vol. III. Oregon City, October 10, 1857. No. 26.
THE PACIFICATOR OF KANSAS AND THE CONQUEROR OF UTAH. -- In personal appearance, General Harney is impressive... Analyze the quality of character... and I think you will discover the traits which military men consider to fit General Harney eminently as the leader of this Utah expedition. -- N. Y. Tribune.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, October 17, 1857. No. 47.
... The splendor of the Utah expedition, says the Tribune, is quite faded away. Only two regiments of dragoons will go to Salt Lake. The troops will remain in Kansas, for service at the polls.... Gen. Harney will remain in command of Kansas. Col. Albert S. Johnson, late from Texas, has been assigned the command of the troops to Utah.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, October 24, 1857. No. 48.
==> "Have you a fellow feeling in your bosom for the poor women of Utah?" asked a speaker of the sister of Mrs. Partington. "Get out you insulting rascal!" said she, "I'll have you know I don't allow fellows to be feeling in my bosom. Oh dear!"
Vol. III. Oregon City, October 24, 1857. No. 28.
==> The last Advocate goes for a law to prevent Mormons from preaching in Oregon. We are sorry to see any public journal favor such intolerance. It is enough for the border ruffians to legislate against freedom of speech, and we wish to enter our solemn protest against such a movement, no matter how humble a source it comes from.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, October 31, 1857. No. 49.
Horrible Massacre of Emigrants.
J. Ward Christian writes to the Los Angeles Star, as follows:
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, November 7, 1857. No. 50.
THE MORMON OATH. -- The guilty and treasonable oath which the 40,000 or 50,000 Mormons now in Salt Lake valley, and many others scattered in all parts of the country, have taken upon themselves at the hands of Brigham Young and the Danite followers, reads as follows:
Vol. III. Oregon City, November 7, 1857. No. 30.
MORMONISM. -- The following letter, which should have appeared in the Advocate, is published as a news item. It will be seen that Elder Stuart has made some proselytes to the church of "latter day sinners." We think, however, that a goodly number of the "twenty-four baptized" persons are such as have "fallen from grace" and have been re-baptozed:
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, November 14, 1857. No. 51.
PROPOSED NEW TERRITORY. -- Some two months since, the residents of Carson Valley held a public meeting, at which they resolved to memorialize Congress for the erection of a new territory east of the Sierra Nevada, including that and several other valleys at the base of the mountains. On the 3d inst., the residents of Honey Lake Valley held a meeting and endorsed this action of their Carson Valley brethren. The design is to include in this new territory the great basin between the Goose Creek range of mountains on the east, and the Sierra Nevada on teh west, and between the Oregon and Utah line on the north, and the Colorado river on the south.
Vol. VII. Portland, Saturday, November 21, 1857. No. 52.
Utah Affairs and the Mormons.
Five hundred kegs of power was recently seized by Col. Hoffman from one of the Mormon trains, en route to Salt Lake.
Vol. III. Oregon City, November 21, 1857. No. 32.
==> Brigham lately declared in a speech at Salt Lake city, that "henceforth Utah is independent of the United States." We look upon this as only a feeble outburst of Brigham's harmless gas.
Vol. VIII. Portland, Saturday, November 28, 1857. No. 1.
The Mormons -- Utah.
The Mormons held a conference in New York -- the last they intended holding -- on Sunday, October 11th. There were delegates present from New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. Massachusetts sending the greatest number of delegates, and New York the largest number of disciples. After some preliminaries had been gone through with, and Mormon prayers and hymns been done justice to, a discourse was delivered by "Judge" Appleby, in the course of which he remarked that the time had come for the Gospel to be taken from the Gentiles. The saints were all to go to Utah, and then would calamities fall upon the wicked. The Lord had promised that after the Elders had preached He would preach to the people by earthquakes, by pestilence and fearful calamities.
Vol. III. Oregon City, November 28, 1857. No. 33.
Perils of the Plains -- the Mormons
Three emigrant families arrived lately in Sacramento, by the Carson Valley route. They report, says the Union, many sad evidences of outrage and murder at different places along the route, particularly in the vicinity of Goose Creek. Near this creek, their attention was attracted by the appearance of a human foot protruding from the ground, and on examining the spot, the remains of three murdered men were found buried only three or four inches below the surface. Upon another grave there lay two dogs, alive but much emaciated, and so pertinacious in retaining their lonely resting place that no effort could entice or drive them from the spot. Their master was, most probably, the occuoant of that grave, and their presence there, under such circumstances, was a touching exhibition of canine instinct and devotion. A few miles further on, they came upon another scene of murder, where, upon the ground, were strewn a few bones, and also knots of long, glossy hair, torn from the head of some ill-fated woman. near by were the remains of three head of cattle, with arrows still sticking in them.
Vol. VIII. Portland, Saturday, December 5, 1857. No. 2.
FROM SALT LAKE.
TREASON IN UTAH. -- The editor of the News thus replies to those who cry "treason":
Vol. III. Oregon City, December 5, 1857. No. 34.
MORMON MOVEMENTS -- There is a very general apparent breaking up among the Mormons in this eastern section of country. We have already noticed the discontinuance of the Mormon newspaper published in this city, and the suspension of religious worship in their usual place in Broom street. We hear also, that last Sunday, at their head quarters, at Tom's River, New Jersey, where there has been a small colony for some time, it was announced that there would be no more public services there. We understand that in Philadelphia measures are in progress for closing up the Mormon church there; public worship is to be discontinued, and all the business affairs of the sect are to be wound up forthwith. This has the appearance of decay and dissolution; but we are inclined to think that it indicates a change of policy, and that the Mormons in all parts of the country, are to be summoned to Utah. Instead of supporting missionary agencies in the eastern States, it is thought best to concentrate their forces at head quarters. We understabd that the New York society will take up their line of march for Utah early in the spring. -- N. Y. Times.
Vol. VIII. Portland, Saturday, December 12, 1857. No. 3.
SUFFERING AMONG THE TROOPS FOR UTAH. -- Letters from officers in the Utah expedition state that the scurve is prevailing to an alarming extent among the troops, and allege that as the cause of the numerous desertions which have taken place recently. Of three thousand cattle which were driven by the troops for supplies of beef, the Indians had run off one thousand. The prospects for the winter are gloomy.
Vol. III. Oregon City, December 12, 1857. No. 35.
The Mormons and the late Massacres.
We copy the following extract of a letter from a Los Angeles correspondent of the San Francisco Herald:
Vol. VIII. Portland, Saturday, December 19, 1857. No. 4.
LATER FROM SALT LAKE.
We copy the following important intelligence from the Marysville Herald:
Vol. III. Oregon City, December 19, 1857. No. 36.
LATE FROM SALT LAKE.
The following important intelligence is taken from the Marysville (Cal.) Herald of a late date:
Vol. III. Oregon City, December 26, 1857. No. 37.
Capt. Van Vliet, U. S. Army, who was sent by Gen. Harney to Utah, to gather necessary information concerning the disposition of the inhabitants, the geography of the routes to the Territory, the condition of the crops, &c., has returned to Washington with the result of his mission.
Vol. III. Oregon City, January 2, 1858. No. 38.
LATE FROM SALT LAKE.
Vol. III. Oregon City, January 9, 1858. No. 39.
Vol. III. Oregon City, January 16, 1858. No. 40.
Vol. III. Oregon City, January 23, 1858. No. 41.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, January 30, 1858. No. 3.
MORMON NEWS. -- We clip the following from the Portland Times of the 16th inst. It is [----- ------- ------ -----] great fear that it may prove true:
Vol. III. Jacksonville, February 6, 1858. No. 4.
We have no very late interesting news from Utah. The latest is by way of San Bernardino, Cal. A party from Salt Lake under Col. Amassa Lyman, were encamped at the crossing of the Mohave, and were procuring provisions, clothing, and munitions of war. It is reported that about 100 wagons are encamped at the Mohave, and a great number have moved out on the road. It is reported that there is great suffering in the camp, but this is doubted, as there has been at least fifty marriages in a few days.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, February 13, 1858. No. 5.
... General Scott is now in Washington, planning the Spring campaign against the Mormons...
Vol. III. Jacksonville, February 27, 1858. No. 7.
Later from Salt Lake.
By way of Los Angeles, we have files of the Deseret News to the 7th September. The Mormon papers contain no [mention] of the movements of the troops [----- -----], and it is only by the speeches of the elders that we can gather [that a] hostile army is upon their frontier....
Vol. III. Jacksonville, March 13, 1858. No. 9.
MORMONS WANT TO LEAVE. -- Dr. Bernhisel, the delegate from Utah, is said to have made overtures to the President signifying the willingness of the Mormons to leave Utah and take up their residence in some island outside the jurisdiction of the United States, provided the givernment [first?] give a fair price for the improvements in Salt Lake City. Mr. B. requested a committee to be appointed to [arrange?] details.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, March 27, 1858. No. 11.
Later from Salt Lake
The Los Angeles Star, of March [6th], publishes the following intelligence from Salt Lake: --
Vol. III. Jacksonville, April 17, 1858. No. 14.
Defeat of the Army Bill -- All [available] Troops to be sent to Utah...
Vol. III. Jacksonville, May 1, 1858. No. 16.
LATER FROM SALT LAKE. -- By a private letter we have advices from Salt Lake to March 14th, eleven days later than by mail. At that time everything was quiet in Salt Lake City. The troops still occupied Fort Bridger, and the Mormons were busily engaged putting in their crops, with the prospect of a very favorable season. The Saints had been advised by their Elders to sow no more land than they could conveniently reap at short notice, and more persons had given their attention to farming, taking up portions of the land owned by farmers, than ever before. The Mormons declare themselves ready for any emergency, and feel satisfied of their capacity to prevent the entrance of the forces under Col. Johnson. They depend greatly on the measures taken to render the various passes impregnable, and feel confident in being able to gather their crops and cache their resources before a detour could be made by way of the South Pass, or before Col. Johnson could be reinforced by troops enough to place his entrance into Great Salt Lake City beyond a doubt. The intelligence brought by the previous mail carrier, to the effect that a large body of disaffected Mormons had been permitted to leave Deseret, and were on their way to California, is contradicted. The Mormons are represented as being greatly in want of many of the comforts and even necessities of life, and clothing is extremely scarce. Powder, arms of all descriptions, and other munitions of war are in great demand. -- S. F. Herald.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, May 8, 1858. No. 17.
LATEST FROM UTAH. -- St. Louis, April 5. -- The Utah mail, which left Camp Scott March 1st, has arrived. -- The troops continued in fine health, and were awaiting the determination of their commander to proceed to Salt Lake. Col. Johnson had a refular effective force of 1,000 men, and 1,000 animals in good condition, and the general impression was that he would wait for reinforcements before making his attack.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, May 15, 1858. No. 18.
Close of the Mormon War.
By the arrival of teh stage last evening we were placed in possession of the Sacramento Union of the 10th inst., containing important news from Salt lake.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, May 22, 1858. No. 19.
Further News from Salt Lake.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 10. '58.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, June 5, 1858. No. 21.
LATER FROM SALT LAKE. -- The Los Angeles Vineyard, of the 22d inst. says that Mr. John Hunt, son of Capt. Jeff Hunt, arrived at San Bernardino, on Thursday, 12 days from Salt Lake, brings intelligence that Gov. Cummings had entered the city, and orders had been sent to the soldiers not to advance from Fort Bridger.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, June 19, 1858. No. 23.
EMIGRATION FROM SALT LAKE. -- Bennett & Tyler, traders on the Humboldt, says the Sacramento Mecrury, reports that five Pah Ute Indians had arrived from Salt Lake, having went there last fall with some Mormon families, and they report some families on their way to Carson Valley; the number they do not know, but say over one hundred wagons.
Vol. III. Jacksonville, June 26, 1858. No. 24.
The New York Tribune has the following in relation to Col. Kane, the gentleman whose movements, in connexion with the Mormons, has been the subject of such frequent comment: -- "When the full truth is known, we believe it will be found that great credit is due to Col. Thomas L. Kane for this auspicious termination of the Mormon broll. He went out to Utah with the consent, indeed, of the President, but prompted by his own generous heart, animated by an earnest desire to prevent a needless and therefore culpable, effusion of human blood. By his past services to, and experience with, the Mormons, he had won the confidence of their leaders, while his knowledge of the purposes and preparations of the Government enabled him to convince those leaders that resistance on their part was hopeless. We wish he had gone to Utah some months earlier: but his bold and self-sacrificing mission has doubtless been undertaken in season to save millions to the Treasury and avert from our nation the stain of a fruitless slaughter of thousands and the devestation of their homes. 'Blessed are the peacemakers.'"
Vol. III. Jacksonville, July 24, 1858. No. 28.
LATE FROM THE STATES.
... The Mormon war has been ended -- still the reports from there are very contradictory. One day we learn that the Mormons are leaving Utah; the next day that they are not. One thing is certain, they do not intend to molest our troops. Brigham Young has surrendered to Governor Cumming the seals of the Territory...