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Vol. XXIV.                              Rochester, Tuesday, October 6, 1840.                             No. 39.


THE MORMONS. --The Quiney Whig states that Gov. Boggs, has agreed to comply with the requisition of Gov. Carlin, of Illinois, for the delivery of the persons concerned in outrages upon certain Mormon citizens of Illiiiois, at Tully. And that in like manner, Gov. Boggs has demanded, and Gov. Carlin has agreed to deliver up, Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon, as runaway criminals from Missouri.

Note: (forthcoming)


Vol. IX.                              Rochester, NY, June 23, 1841.                             No. ?

Martin Harris, the Mormon.
(opening paragraph missing -- under construction)

"... [Martin Harris'] death was recently announced, in a letter from the vicinity of Nauvoo, the Mormon headquarters. He abandoned the Mormons some time previously, and had been lecturing against them. He was found dead, two or three weeks since, having been shot through the head with a pistol. No doubt was entertained of his having been murdered.

We have ever regarded Mr. Harris as an honest man. We first became acquainted with him a Palmyra, in the spring of 1828, shortly after the plates from which the Book of Mormon is said to have been translated, were found. At that time Jo Smith had a mere handful of followers, most of whom were as destitute of character and intelligence as the 'Prophet' himself. Mr. H. however, was an exception. Though illiterate and naturally of a superstitious turn of mind, he had long sustained an irreproachable character for probity. He became an early believer in the doctrines of Mormonism, and neglected no opportunity of inculcating them, even at the expense of his pecuniary interests. By his neighbors and townsmen with whom he earnestly and almost incessantly labored, he was regarded rather as being deluded himself, than as wishing to delude others knowingly; but still he was subjected to many scoffs and rebukes, all of which he endured with a meekness becoming a better cause.

Mr. Harris was the only man of wealth among the early Mormons, and many were the calls made upon his purse for the purpose of feeding Smith and fostering his humbug in its incipient stages. The heavier taxes to which he was at first subjected, were for two journies to Pennsylvania, by command of Smith, who was then in that State, and who had received, if we are to credit him, a revelation from the Lord, to the effect that the suffering condition of the Gentiles in that region demanded Mr. H. these visits. That Smith's pecuniary sufferings at least were relieved, is certain. The next was for a journey to Dr. Mitchell of New York, and other men of science in the Eastern States, to ascertain whether they were sufficiently profound to render into English the hieroglyphic characters which had been intrusted to Mr. H. and represented as fac similies of those on some of the plates which Smith pretended to have found, But the most severe tax upon Mr. Harris' purse, was for the publication of the Book of Mormon. To secure the printer, he mortgaged his farm, one of the best in the town, and ultimately lost it. The work did not meet with as ready a sale as was anticipated; but had those to whom its sale was entrusted, appropriated the proceeds as honesty would have dictated, he probably would have been enabled to redeem his farm.

A few years after this, we saw Mr. Harris in Lyons, and found him as firm as ever in his belief in the purity of Mormonism, nothwithstanding he had been fleeced of his good estate. He had just arrived from Liberty, Missouri, the then 'Promised Land,' and soon afterwards returned to that place. We have not seen him since, and had supposed, until we saw the announcement of his death, and the cause of it conjectured, that he was still among the most zealous and conspicuous of Jo. Smith's followers. But we were mistaken -- Mr. Harris's native honesty had gained the mastry of his credulity. He had been so long a confident of Smith and his leading associates, and had seen so much of their villainy, that he undoubtedly felt it a duty to expose them and their debasing doctrines. Hence his lectures against Mormonism in Illinois, and hence, too, his probable murder by some of that sect.

Mr. Harris was about 55 years of age. His first wife died in Palmyra some four years since, having refused to accompany him to the 'Promised Land' -- about a year after this time, he returned to Wayne county and married again.

We have so often expressed our conviction of the humbuggery of Mormonism and the worthlessness of its propagators, that we need not do so at this time. We have merely to express the hope, that the authorities of Illinois may spare no pains or expense in ferreting out the murderers of Mr. Harris, and bringing them to merited punishment.

Note: The above article was probably written by Alvah Strong, who was then editor of the Democrat. See the response to this mistaken death notice, as published in the Ohio Painesville Telegraph of June 30, 1841.


Vol. X.                              Rochester, NY, April 16, 1842.                             No. 90.

D I E D.

At Oberlin, Ohio, on the 2d last, in the 43d year of her age, Mrs. Amanda Cowdery, consort of Franklin Cowdery, Esq., formerly of Rochester, N. Y.

Note 1: Amanda Munger (1799-1842) married Benjamin Franklin Cowdery at Moscow, Livingston Co., NY, on Nov. 24, 1819. They had six children, all born in New York. The second of these was Sarah Cowdery, who married Daniel Fairchild Alverson in 1848, in Rochester. For obscure connections between the Fairchilds and Cowderys, see the comments for the Southern Literary Messenger of August, 1845.

Note 2: For the marriage of Amanda's daughter Sarah, see the Rochester Daily Advertiser of June 16, 1848 and the Rochester Republican of June 22, 1848


Vol. XXVI.                              Rochester, Tuesday, July 5, 1842.                             No. 10.


Orson Pratt, a Mormon preacher; has been nominated as a representative to the legislature of Illinois, on a union ticket. Mr. Pratt formerly lived in this city, but is now at Nauvoo. -- Detriot Adv.

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS. Vol. I.                              Rochester, Wednesday, July 20, 1842.                             No. 69.



We publish, entire, from the Sangamon Journal, the opening of the series of disclosures promised by the late Mayor of Nauvoo, on Joe Smithism, omitting the miserable effort of the Journal to make political capital on the presumption that, because the communication was presented to that paper, the democratic papers declined to publish it, lest it should effect the democratic party adversely, at the coming election. But for this insinuation of the Journal -- the communication itself hints at nothing of the kind -- we should never have thought about it having any political object; but we have our suspicions now that the whigs design to make something out of it, if they can.

As to the truth of the disclosures, we have little doubt -- should have none, but for the mixture of bravado and fear running through the body of the letter. Either Bennett is a windy man, or he wrote under so much excitement as to make him appear like one. Be this as it may, we indulge the hope that the days of Joe Smith's humbuggery are nearly ended, and that the mass whom he has so long duped will be restored to the freedom of which an over ready credulity depraved them, while the duper shall be made to feel the penalty of the laws he has outraged for so many years. The reader will find the disclosures of Bennett in another column.


For the Sangamo Journal.

(view Journal article for July 8, 1842)

Note: The same set of articles were published in the Advertiser's sister paper, the weekly Rochester Republican, on July 26th.


Vol. XXVI.                              Rochester, Tuesday, July 26, 1842.                             No. 13.


For the Sangamo Journal.

(see original article in Illinois paper)

==> It is reported that an insurrection had broken out in Nauvoo,in corsequence of the "awful disclosures" of General Bennett. It is charged that some of Joe's creatures murdered a man named Stephenson, in June last, which has just come to light.

We have late information from Nauvoo. Joe Smith anticipates a requisition upon Gov. Carlin from Gov. Reynolds, of Missouri, for his person and is determined not to be given up.

He has all the State arms -- some twenty or thirty cannon -- a large number of muskets, yagers, pistols and cutlasses -- all belongingto the State -- which he is prepared to use against the State authorities if they s hall attempt to deliver him to Governor Reynolds. Joe reiterates that he will not be given up -- and the Mormons say that the Prophet shall not be taken while any of them are left to defend him!

NAUVOO. -- We undetstand that the very mischief is brewing in Nauvoo, since the threatening of Bennett to expose the villany of Joe and his satelites. Several of Joe's right hand men have left the Church and joined Bennett's party. One disclosure, particularly, will prove interesting, and that in relation to Boggs murder. Bennett states that A. P. Rockwood [sic] started suddenly from Nauvoo about two weeks before Boggs assassination; that he (Bennett) asked Joe where Rockwood had gone, and that Joe replied that he had gone to Missouri to fulfil prophecies! He says further that Rockwood returned to Nauvoo, on the very day that the news of Gov. Boggs assassination arrived. Since that the Prophet has presented said Rockwood with a carriage and horse, or horses, and he has suddenly become very flush of money, and lives in style. These statements we give as we received them. It is said that Bennett has affidavits to prove every fact above stated, and will shortly present them to the world. If this be true, then will but little doubt remain thai Joe Smith was the real instigator of Boggs assassination. -- Warsaw Signal.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVI.                              Rochester, Tuesday, October 4, 1842.                             No. 24.


THE MORMONS. -- Two Mormon elders recently visited Cincinnati, and delivered an address. They have furnished the editor of the Republican with the following information in relation to the city of Nauvoo:

"It was commenced, by the Mormons, being then a small village of some houses, in November, 1839, and such has been its rapid growth, that it now contains a population of 10,000 souls, and the number is rapidly increasing. It is 200 miles above St. Louis, upon the Misissippi river, at the head of the DesMoines rapids. They have two extensive steam saw mills, a large steam flouring mill -- a tool factory on a handsome scale -- a foundary -- and a company of considerable wealth from Staffordshire, England, who are establishing the manufacture of the English China ware. They have many extensive public buildings in the course of construction, besides the famous temple, and there are a very large number of houses and stores in the progress of construction."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, May 19, 1843.                             No. 4.


THE MORMONS. -- The St. Louis Republican, of the 5th instant, says: -- "Gen. Joseph Smith, (the Prophet) Mayor of the city of Nauvoo, has published a proclamation in the Nauvoo Wasp, addressed to the citizens of the holy city, stating that there exists, up and down the Mississippi, and round about the city of Nauvoo, a band of desperadoes, bound by oaths of secrecy, under severe penalties; and that he understands some of the members, who have, through falsehood and deceit, been drawn into their snares, are, through fear of the execution of said penalties on their persons, prevented from divulging their secret plans and depredations; the Prophet Mayor, therefore grants and insures protection against all personal violence, to each and every citizen of the holy city, who will freely and voluntarily come forward and truly make known the names of all such abominable characters."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, June 20, 1843.                             No. 8.

(For the Daily Advertiser.)  

MR. EDITOR. -- Perhaps an item of information in relation to the far famed city of Nauvoo, might be of interest to your readers, and the public generally -- inasmuch obtained by a residence in that city.

It is beautifully situated on the Mississippi, about 200 miles above St. Louis, the river forming a curve at this point, leaves the location of the city very pleasant, equal, if not superior to any other on the river. The population at present amounts to about 10 or 12,000 in the city, and perhaps 20 or 25,000 in the country, constituting the largest city of the northwest, excepting St. Louis. The city, which extends over considerable territory, perhaps 4 miles square, is laid out in blocks and lots, valued at prices differing from $50 to $1000. The surrounding country is very rich and productive, consisting principally of prairies. Immediately in the vicinity of the city, land varies in value from $20 to $30 per acre, while in the rear of this is an abundance at government price. The city and county are populating very rapidly; several hundreds have come o this spring, and hundreds more are on the way. The people are very industriously engaged in securing locations and habitations in their new home, and looking forward with full confidence to future happiness. There are among them all classes, professional and mechanical. Owing to the limitation of their means, they have no manufactories at present. They are busily engaged in forwarding the operations of the church. The "Temple" is in a state of rapid progress, and is designed to be a splendid edifice, when completed. Its dimensions are -- length 120 feet, breadth 80 feet, height 60 feet, height of spire 100 feet. Its location is fine, commanding a view of the river for several miles north and south, and the vast prairies on the east and west. The "Nauvoo House" also is designed to be very large and commodious -- intended to accommodate any quantity or quality of the traveling public. There are two papers published here, -- the "Times and Seasons," and the "Neighbor;" the former advocates their peculiar doctrines and the latter of a secular character.

The "Prophet," Joseph Smith, is in fine health and spirits, and seems to be "as happy as happy can be;" and he is about 40 years of age, good looking, large dimensions, upwards of 6 feet high, and weighs 220 lbs. Aside from his professions, (of which I have nothing to say,) he is a fine specimen of human nature. The "Nauvoo Legion" numbers some 6000 or 8000 horse and foot, and when armed and equipped, present quite a formidable appearance.
                            GENTILE, JR.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, August 29, 1843.                             No. 18.


NAUVOO. -- We spent a Sunday with the Mormons at their city of Nauvoo, and attended their service in a grove both morning and evening. The great prophet of these "Latter Day Saints," Joe; Smith, addressed the meeting in the morning for about two hours, much of which related to his late arrest and release under a habeas corpus, as an accessary, we believe, in the attempt on the life of Ex-Governor Boggs. He then, for the first time in his life, as he said, and as for our especial information, ran his parallel of the Mormon faith with other denominations of Christians; and to hear the conclusion, you could not say but they were good othodox Baptists, but in some of their forms they run close into Catholicism. He is a bad speaker, and appears to be very imperfectly educated.

In the afternoon service, his 'vicegerent,' Mr, Rigdon, addressed the numerous multitude. He took noJext, but proceeded at once, in a historical discourse, commencing with the early prophets, and brought us eloquently down to the reign of Charlemagne, and to the Latter Day Saints, as they call themselves. He described the different kingdoms that have passed from the earth, corresponding to the image of gold, silver, brass, iron and clay, revealed to the King of Babylon by the prophet Daniel, which was broken to pieces by "a stone cut out without hands, and became a great mount lin that filled the whole earth."

We could not follow him in all his conclusions, as he Spoke so rapidly, but inferred that the fulfilment of this prophecy was intended to apply; to the Mormons, who are to fill the whole earth. After the discourse was concluded, the choir sang a hymn with much sweetness, accompanied with instrumental music; the ceremonies were then concluded by a solemn prayer from one of the saints; at the end of which, he notified the congregation that he had lost a valuable sorrel horse, about sixteen hands high, and requested to be informed if any person present should discover him!

The evening was then closed by a public baptism in the Mississippi, of one or two hundred, and some of the disciples were immersed perhaps twenty times, first for themselves, and then for some deceased relative or friend. After leaving the water, they take seats on the shore and are confirmed by another set of priests in waiting; this is repeated as often as they are immersed. In all this ceremony there appeared but little solemnity, and indeed in some cases quite a levity of behaviour.

The city of Nauvoo contains 12 to 15,000 inhabitants, all Mormons, we believe, and new converts are fast flocking to their standard. They have many missionaries travelling throughout the country and in Europe, and they are now fitting out one for Russia. We believe they have no community of interest, as some suppose, but each main works for his own living; they are compelled to work one day out of ten, however, on the temple, which will be a magnificent building, when finished. The dwellings are generally small irames, thrown up in a few days. The people are industrious and sober; no spirituous liquors are aliowed in the city, or persons tp be out after 9 o'clock at night. We received much kindness from Smith and others, and the day was very agreeably spent. -- Correspondence of Baltimore Patriot.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, September 5, 1843.                             No. 19.


PROSPECT OF ANOTHER MORMON WAR. -- The St. Louis New Era, of the 16th inst., says:

"We learn by a gentleman from Warsaw, that a meeting of the people of Hancock county to be held at Carthage, was called for to-day, to take into consideration their relations with the Mormons. It is said that a good deal of excitement exists against them, and apprehensions of a serious riot and out break were entertained. The people of that section of the State are as heartily tired of the Mormons as ever the citizens of Missouri were, but they have suffered the to obtain so strong a foothold that no power exists which can deprive them of their possessions, or induce them to abandon their present residence."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVIII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, January 23, 1844.                             No. 38.


KIDNAPPING MORMONS. -- A Springfield correspondent of the St. Louis Republican writes under date of the 19th:

"A messenger was here a few days since from Nauvoo, bringing information that two Mormons had been kidnapped from that place and carried over to the Missouri side of the river. The Governor was called upon to demand these men from the Governor of Missouri, but he refused to make the demand. Whatever may be said of the leading mormons, it is certain that the mass, while they obey our laws as good citizens should be protected in their rights by the Governor of the State. But there is no election pending at this time."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVIII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, February 6, 1844.                             No. 40.


THE MORMONS. -- An intelligent gentleman who resides in the vicinity of Nauvoo, informs the editor of the Cleveland Herald, that the Mormons are receiving constant accessions to their numbers from various portions of the United States and from Europe -- that the Great Temple is progressing slowly -- and that "Gen. Joseph Smith" is becoming more and more dictatorial and threatening towards the worldly powers that be, and more impious in his pretensions to the character of a prophet. Still he is so much of the "earth, earthly," that he fears kidnapping or assassination by the "evil mind ed Missourians," and keeps a portion of his forty policemen pretty constantly about his person! Smith keeps a tavern called the Nauvoo House, anfd by special ordinance monopolizes the liquor trade at 12 1/2 cents a glass!

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVIII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, April 30, 1844.                             No. 52.


MORMONS. -- A steamer recently arrived at St. Louis, having been more than five weeks on the voyage from New Orleans up. She broke her shaft three times on the way and had to lie by. She had on board 216 English emigrants, all Mormons, bound for Nauvoo. A large portion of them were women, boys, girls, and small children. Three children were born on the boat on her way from New Orleans to St. Louis.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVIII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, May 7, 1844.                             Whole 1427.


NAUVOO. -- Sunday, 7th inst., was a great day with the Mormons. From fifteen to twenty-five thousand persons were present at the temple on this occasion. Sidney Rigdon, who has been for a time suspended from his ministerial functions, was orator of the day.

Note: This reports the 1844 Spring Conference at Nauvoo -- Rigdon spoke at length on both the 6th and the 7th of April, before large crowds, in a three part address. Part 1 of his speech was printed in the May 1, 1844 issue of the Times & Seasons, while the second two parts of this candid oration were suppressed from publication.


Vol. XXVIII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, June 18, 1844.                             Whole 1433.


MORMONISM. -- About forty Mormons arrived here yesterday on the steamer Victress from Cincinnati. They are from Vermont, and Massachusetts, on their way to Nauvoo. --   St. Louis Era, May 31.

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS. Vol. ?                              Rochester, Thursday, July 4, 1844.                             No. ?

"Later  From  Nauvoo."

The St. Louis Reveille of Sunday, says:

By the clerk of the steamer Gen. Brooks, which came down yesterday evening, we are informed that Gov. Ford had arrived at Carthage, approved of present operations, to further which he had ordered out 2,500 men. By this time, it is supposed, that active operations have been commenced.


As there are a number of statements in circulation, which have for their object the injury of the "Latter Day Saints" all of which are fueled and prompted by black-hearted villains; I therefore deem it my duty to disabuse the public mind in regsrd to them, and to give a plain statement of facts which have taken place in the city within a few days past, and which have brought upon us the displeasure of the unprincipled and the uninformed, and seems to afford an opportunity to our enemies to unite and arouse themselves to mob; and already they have commenced their hellish operations by driving a few defenseless Mormons from their houses and homes in the vicinity of Warsaw and Carthage.

A short time since, a press was started in this city which had for its object the destruction of the institutions of the city, both civil and religious. Its proprietors are a set of unprincipled scoundrels, who attempted in every possible way to defame the character of the most virtuous of our community, and change our peaceful and prosperous city into a place as evil and polluted as their own black hearts. To rid the city of a paper so filthy and pestilential as this became the duty of every good citizen who loves good order and morality: a complaint was made before the City Council, and after a full and impartial investigation it was voted, without one dissenting voice, a public nuisance, and to be immediately destroyed -- the peace and happiness of the place demanded it, the virtue of our wives and daughters demanded it, and our consciences demanded it at our hands as conservators of the public peace. That we acted right in this matter we have the assurance of one of the ablest expounders of the laws of England, namely, Blackstone -- the Constitution of the state of Illinois, and our own chartered rights. If, then, our charter gives us the power to decide what shall be s nuisance, and cause it to be removed, where is the offense? What law is violated? If, then, no law has been violated, why this ridiculous excitement and bandying with lawless ruffians to destroy the happiness of a people whose religious motto is "peace and good will towards all men?"

Our city is infested with a set of blacklegs, counterfeiters and debauchees, and that the proprietors of this press were of that class, the minutes of the Municipal Court fully testify, and in ridding our young and flourishing city of such characters we are abused by not only villainous demagogues, but by some who, from their station and influence in society, ought rather to raise than repress the standard of human excellence. We have no disturbance or excitement among us, save what is made by the thousand and one idle rumors afloat in the country. Everyone is protected in his person and property, and but few cities of a population of twenty thousand people, in the United States, hath less of dissipation or vice of any kind than the city of Nauvoo.

Of the correctness of our conduct in this affair, we appeal to every high court in the State, and to its ordeal we are willing to appear at any time that His Excellency, Governor Ford, shall please call us before it. I. therefore, in behalf of the Municipal Court of Nauvoo, warn the lawless not to be precipitate in any interference in our affairs, for as sure as there is a God in Israel, we shall ride triumphant over all oppression.
                                        JOSEPH SMITH, Mayor.

Note: This same article was also published in the Advertiser's sister paper, the weekly Rochester Republican, on July 9th, along with the "Mormons in Boston" report from the July 8th Advertiser.


NS. Vol. ?                              Rochester, Monday, July 8, 1844.                             No. ?


MORMONS IN BOSTON. -- The centre of the land of "notions" was enlivened on Tuesday, with a Mormon Convention, the entire object of which was to bring out the Prophet Smith for the Presidency. There were several speakers from Nauvoo. Finally some youngsters raised a row and broke up the meeting. No lives lost or bones broken.

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS. Vol. ?                              Rochester, Tuesday, July 9, 1844.                             No. ?


Intelligence was received last evening by the Steamboat Harrison, Capt. Atwood, of the death of Joe Smith, the Mormon Prophet, and his brother Hyram. The particulars as near as we could learn were these. Joe Smith and his brother Hyram, having been charged with various crimes and indicted, were arrested, taken to Carthage and committed to jail to await their trial. An attempt at rescue having been threatened, was expected, and a strong guard placed round the jail to prevent it. -- The Mormons gathered in force to effect the release of their leaders, marched to Carthage, and made an attack upon the guard. The latter finding themselves too weak to defend their charge and beat off their opponents, and bring withal wrought up to the highest pitch of exasperation, entered the jail and shot both the Prophet and his brother as the only means of preventing their escape. The Prophet was pierced with four balls, and killed instantly, as also was his brother.

The Buffalo Gazette gives a different version of the matter on the authority of the Hon. Frances Granger who states the rumor well founded as he believed: -- "That the Mormons came down with the evident intention of a rescue. That a pistol was fired by one of them, without doing injury, however, when a fight commenced between the guard of the jail and others, and the Mormons, during which Joe Smith and his brothers were shot down, and the Mormons repulsed. Great excitement prevailed in that region, and fears were entertained for the safety of Governor Ford and the small party with him. The inhabitants of Warsaw, it was also stated, had entirely evacuated their town, fearing sack and massacre.

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS. Vol. ?                              Rochester, Tuesday, July 16, 1844.                             No. ?

Death of Joseph Smith, and his Brother Confirmed.

A gentleman who was present, at the time of the slaughter, informs the Cincinnati Chronicle as follows:

Jo and Hiram Smith were confined in the debtor's apartment of the Carthage Jail, and had been guarded by 50 or 60 soldiers, but all being quiet, the Governor, previous to going to Nauvoo, dismissed all except 8 or 10 of the guard.

There was no attempt made by any of the Mormons to rescue the prisoners, nor did Jo or his brother use or have any arms. The mob, consisting of sixty men all disguised, rushed in through the guard, and first fired through the door of the jail, wounding Jo, as is supposed, through the leg; whereupon he and his brother rushed for the window, and were in the act of jumping out, when Jo received three balls thro' his body, and fell out of the window upon the ground, when one of the mob immediately stabbed him two or three times with a sword. Hiram, who fell inside of the building, received twelve or fifteen balls through his body.

Jo's body was taken to Nauvoo. The Mormons were exasperated, but were kept back in subjection by the leaders, and more particularly by Jo's mother, who seemed to have the most influence.

It is much to be regretted that the Prophet had not been allowed a trial, that the proofs, if they exist, of the atrocities charged against him, might have been placed fairly before the world. As it is, he will be regarded as a martyr to the cause of the new revelation, while a stain will rest on the people of that region, for having interposed between the law and the subject of it. This is a deplorable instance of the supremacy of Judge Lynch -- calculated to aid the cause it would over throw.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVIII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, July 16, 1844.                             Whole 1437.

More  Mormon  News.

From passengers and officers of the steamboat Dove, as we learn that on yesterday a messenger from Governor Ford arrived at Rushville, calling on the militia to march speedily to Carthage to resist an attack apprehended from the Mormons. He stated that about 4 o'clock on the 27th, a mob of two hundred men armed, painted, and disguised, came to Carthage, demanded the key of the jail and took out Joe Smith, Hyrum Smith, and Wm. Richards, and shot them forthwith. They were fearful that the Mormons would retaliate this murder, by burning Carthage and Warsaw. Several hundred of the militia were about to march for Schuyler county when the Dove left. The governor's message arrived at Rushville about 12 o'clock. Those who came down on the boat consider this news as authentic. It was cruel and cowardly to murder the unarmed prisoners when they had surrendered themselves, and were in the custody of the laws; the word of the Governor and the faith of the Saints were pledged to ptotect them from mobs, and to procure them a fair trial.

From the Cleveland Herald.


The editor of the St. Louis Republican writes from Quincy, the 30th ultimo, that Gov. Ford had arrived there, and established his headquarters. He removed to Quincy in consequence of want of confidence in the people in the immediate vicinity of the excitement, being afraid to trust either the troops or the citizens around Carthage or Warsaw. The Governor deputed a commission of two persons to visit Nauvoo, to inquire particularly into the situation of the Mormons, and to give them such instructions or orders as they may deem necessary. The same commission is authorized to disband the troops at Warsaw and Carthage, if thought advisable.

At Warsaw, Mr. Jones one of the Commissioners made a speech, in which he assured the people of the Governor's intention, at all hazards, to prevent further aggression on either side. The speech was well received.

Gov. Ford had issued an address to the people of Illinois, of which the following is a part:

On the morning of the day the deed was committed, we had proposed to march the army under my command into Nauvoo. I had, however, discovered the evening before, that nothing but utter destruction of the city would satisfy a portion of the troops; and that if we marched into the city, pretexts would not be wanting for commencing hostilities. The Mormons had done everything required or which ought to have been required of them. Offensive operations on our part would have been impolitic, in the present critical season of the year, the harvest, and the crops. For these reasons I decided, in a council of officers, to disband the army, except three companies, two of which were reserved as a guard for the jail. With the other company I marched into Nauvoo, to address the inhabitants there, and tell them what they might expect in case they designedly or imprudently provoked a war. I performed this duty, as I think plainly and emphatically, and then set out to return to Carthage. I hastened on to that place. The guard, it is said, did their duty, but were overpowered. Many of the inhabitants of Carthage had fled with their families. I apprehended danger to the settlements from the sudden fury and passion of the Mormons, and sanctioned their movements.

General Deming volunteered to remain with a few troops, to observe the progress of events, to defend property against small numbers, and with orders to retreat if menaced by a superior force. I decided to proceed immediately to Quincy, to prepare a force sufficient to suppress disorders, in case it should ensue from the foregoing transactions or from any other cause. I have hopes that the Mormons will make no further difficulties. In this I may be mistaken. The other party may not be satisfied. They may recommence aggression. I am determined to preserve the peace against all breakers of the same, at all hazards. I think present circumstances warrant the precautions, of having a competent force at my disposal, in readiness to march at a moment's warning. My position at Quincy will enable me to get the earliest intelligence, and to communicate orders with greater celerity.

I have decided to issue the following general orders:-

                    Head Quarters,
                    Quincy, June 29, 1844.
It is ordered that the commandants of regiments in the counties of Adams. Marquette, Pike, Brown, Schuyler, Morgan, Scott, Cass, Fulton, and McDonough, and the Regiments composing General Stapp's Brigade, will call their respective Regiments and Battalions together immediately upon the receipt of this order, and proceed by voluntary enlistment to enroll as many men as can be armed in their respective regiments. They will make arrangements for a campaign of twelve days, and will provide themselves with arms, ammunition, and provisions accordingly, and hold themselves in readiness immediately to march upon the receipt of further orders.

The independent companies of Riflemen, Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery in the above-named counties and in the county of Sangamon will hold themselves in readiness in like manner.
                              THOMAS FORD.
                    Governor and Commander in Chief.

Note: This issue of the Republican also reprinted the July 9th and July 16th Mormon news articles from its sister paper, the Advertiser.


NS. Vol. ?                              Rochester, Monday, July 22, 1844.                             No. ?


(From the Nauvoo Neighbor, June 20.

On Monday the 24th inst. after Gov. Ford had sent word that those eighteen persons demanded on a warrant, among whom were Joseph Smith and Hyrum Smith, should be protected, by the Militia of the State, they in company with some ten or twelve others, started for Carthage. Four miles from that place, they were met by Capt. Dunn, with a company of cavalry, who had an order from the Gov. for the "State Arms." -- Gen. Smith endorsed his acceptance of the same, and both parties returned to Nauvoo to obtain same arms. After the arms were obtained both parties took up the line of march for Carthage, where they arrived about five minutes before twelve o'clock at night. Capt. Dunn nobly acquitting himself, landed us safely at Hamilton's Hotel. In the morning we saw the Governor and he pledged the faith of the State. that we should be protected. General Smith and his brother Hiram were arrested by a warrant founded upon the oaths of H. O. Norton and Augustine Spencer for treason. Knowing the threats from several persons, that the two Smiths should never leave Carthage alive, we all began to be alarmed for their personal safety. The Gov. and Gen. Demming conducted them before the McDonough troops and introduced as Gen. Joseph Smith and Gen. Hiram Smith. This maneuver came near raising a mutiny among the "Carthage Grays," but the Governor quelled it. In the afternoon, after great exertions on the part of our counsel, we dispensed with an investigation, and voluntarily gave bail for our appearance to the Circuit Court, to answer in the case of abating the Nauvoo Expositor, as a nuisance. At evening the Justice made out a mittimus, without an investigation, and committed the two Gen. Smiths to prison until discharged by due course of law, and they were safely guarded to jail. In the morning the Governor went to jail and had an interview with these men, and to every appearance all things were explained on both sides. The constable then went to take these men from the jail, before the Justice for examination, but the jailer refused to let them go, as they were under his direction "till discharged by due course of law;" but the Governor's troops, to the amount of one or two hundred, took them to the Court House, when the hearing was continued till Saturday the 29th, and they were remanded to jail. ... It now began to be rumored by several men, whose names will be forthcoming in time, that there was nothing against these men, the law could not reach them, but powder and ball would! The Governor was made acquainted with these facts, but on the morning of the 27th, he disbanded McDonough's troops, and sent them home; took Captain Dunn's company of cavalry and proceeded to Nauvoo, leaving these two men and three or four friends, to be guarded by eight men at the jail; and a company in town of 60 men, 80 to 100 rods from the jail, as a corps in reserve. About six o'clock in the afternoon the guard was surprised by an armed mob of from 150 to 250, painted red and black and yellow, which surrounded the jail, forced in -- poured a shower of bullets into the room where these unfortunate men were held, "in durance vile," to answer to the laws of Illinois; under the solemn pledge of the faith of the State, by Gov. Ford, that they should be protected, but the mob ruled! They fell as martyrs amid this tornado of lead, receiving four bullets! -- John Taylor was wounded by four bullets in his limbs but not seriously. Thus perishes the hope of law; thus vanishes the plighted faith of the State; thus the blood of innocence stains the constituted authorities of the United States, and thus have 2 among the most noble martyrs since the slaughter of Abel, sealed the truth of their divine mission, by being shot, by a mob for their religion! Messengers were dispatched to Nauvoo, but did not reach there till morning.

Notes: (forthcoming)


NS. Vol. ?                              Rochester, Monday, August 4, 1844.                             No. ?


NAUVOO. -- "Manhattan," the now perambulating correspondent of the Journal of Commerce, under date of July 13, says:

"I went ashore at Nauvoo, and conversed with several of the Mormons. I asked them if Gov. Ford had offered a reward for the apprehension of the murderers of Joseph and Hiram Smith? They said, no, "that he was afraid to do so." I asked them if they knew who the murderers were? They replied, "yes; that they could point every man out to the Governor, if he was disposed to have them arrested. They knew perfectly well who they were." I asked who they expected would succeed Joseph Smith, as chief prophet of the Mormons? They replied in the most simple manner, "that they expected him to be called by the Lord. It was not the Mormons who made or appointed a prophet or leader, but the Lord, who would send them one, if one came at all."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XII.                              Rochester, NY, Aug. 5, 1844.                             No. 177.


THE MORMONS. -- Good order reigned at our latest dates from Nauvoo. The work on the Temple was continued as previous to the violent death of the Prophet, and no change of note had taken place in the Government of the city or church. We learn from a source likely to be well informed, that the reports in regard to a probable successor to Smith are unfounded, and that the contingency of his death had been provided for by the appointment of the Twelve Elders on whom the management of the Church of the Latter Day Saints now devolves. The Elders are men of tried faith and experience, and it is to be anticipated that the interests of the sect will be well cared for under their administration.

Notwithstanding the pretensions of Mormonism and the high handed acts of Smith and his Council, under the extraordinary city charter granted by the Locofoco Legislature of Illinois to secure Mormon votes, the brutal murder of the prophet Smith and his brother by a mob has elicited a general feeling of indignation; and instead of dispersing his people or depressing their zeal, we are told by intelligent Mormons that the Illinois outrages have given firmer faith and increased activity to the Latter Day Saints. The proposed political organization for the present Presidential contest by the Mormons, has been abandoned.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XXVIII.                              Rochester, Tuesday, Sept. 10, 1844.                             No. 37.


NAUVOO NEWS. -- The Warsaw Signal says that Daniel Spencer has heen elected mayor of Nauvoo pro. tem. George Miller and Whitney have been, elected trustees of the church property, and under their management the Temple is progressing rapidly. Samuel H. Smith, brother of the Prophet, died at Nauvoo about two weeks since. -- William is now the only surviving brother. Sidney Rigdon, who claimed the leadership of the church on the ground of his being the only survivor of the first Presidency, and also, on the ground of his having been named by Joe at one time as his successor, has had his claims rejected by the twelve, who have decided not to have one man for leader, but that the church shall be governed by them collectively.

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