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Vol. XI.                            Fredonia, NY, Wed., January 11, 1832.                           No. 42.

Mormonism in Chautauqe county. -- Some of the followers of Jo. Smith have recently commenced operations in this town; and in fact they deserve credit for their sagacity in selecting a suitable field for operation; for where anti-masonry takes a rank hold nothing else is too absurd to gain credence. They had gained a few proselytes, and had the prospect of doing a fair business, when one of the principal of them was arrested in his career by the tyrant Death on Saturday last.

But it would seem that even in the grave he was not to rest undisturbed. The night following his interment, some of the Mormon folks on going to the grave yard, found two or three chaps busily engaged in digging up the grave, and had nearly reached the coffin when discovered. They all ran on being discovered, They all ran on being discovered, but one of them being somewhat lame, was overtaken and arrested -- brought before a magistrate, and after undergoing an examination, was bound over to take his trial for the statute offense of violating the grave. There appears to be different opinions in regard to this last transaction; some asserting that the Mormonites intended to play off a trick by way of pretending to raise the dead, which led to the belief that it was only a sham burial, and that the object of those found digging at the grave wasn't merely to ascertain that fact; but the Mormonites gave it a different character, in which they were sustained by the magistrate. The subject will of course be fully investigated when it comes to trial.

Note: Elder Joseph H. Brackenbury died in Pomfret township on Jan. 7, 1832. He was perhaps the first LDS missionary to pass away while on a mission for the Church. -- Thanks to Mike Marquardt for this article.


Vol. ?                              Buffalo, NY, January 17, 1832.                             No. ?


Mormonism. -- It seems these miserable fanatics have made a few converts in Pomfret, Chautauqua county. One of their number died, and the night after his burial, a party of "resurrection men" were disturbed while disinterring the deceased, and one of the offenders taken and bound over for trial. The editor of the Censor gives a very flattering account of the intellectual endowments of the community in which he resides, when he says the Mormonites have selected "a suitable field for operation, where nothing is too absurd to gain credence."

Notes: (forthcoming)



Vol. ?                          ________, NY, Wed., January 25?, 1832.                         No. ?

Death of a Mormon Preacher. -- Died, in Pomfret on Saturday, 7th inst. Joseph H. Brackenbury, a 'Mormon Preacher.' He recently came to this town from Ohio, in company with one or two individuals of the same society. -- They preached, exhorted, and with great zeal and apparent humility, attempted to propagate their doctrines. Two or three embraced their sentiments so far as to be baptized -- one a Free Will Baptist, the other a Presbyterian.

In confirmation of their doctrine and divine mission, they professed to have power to heal the sick, and raise the dead. It is credibly reported that they attempted twice without effect, to heal a Miss Nancy Johnson, made a cripple by falling from a horse. She was not healed for lack of faith; but started for Ohio with the Mormons, to obtain more. The company of Brackenbury attempted also to heal him, and since his [decease], to raise him from the dead.

Note 1: The above undated article was printed shortly after Elder Brackenbury's death in nearby Pomfret, Chautauqua Co., New York, on Jan. 7, 1832. Probably it appeared in either the Jan. 18th or 25th issue (or "extra") of a paper called The Censor (but not in the Fredonia Censor's regular issues, which contain no such article). The Palmyra Wayne Sentinel of Feb. 14, 1832 makes reference to the same news story. The Sentinel in its issue of Apr. 11, 1832 inadvertently passed along a second, garbled version of this report, copied from the the Burlington Sentinel, as did Lewis L. Rice's Ohio Star of Apr. 12, 1832.

Note 2: The Nancy Johnson mentioned in the report was the daughter of Ezekiel Johnson of Pomfret. His wife and most of their family settled in Kirtland shortly before D. P. Hurlbut arrived there, early in 1833. Mrs. Johnson procured a home for the family on a house on Kirtland Flats. D. P. Hurlbut boarded there when he was not out of town conducting his various problematical activities. Hurlbut and the Johnsons probably became acquainted in Chautauqua Co. during the second half of 1832, probably the Brackenbury affair was over and forgotten.


Vol. XI.                          Fredonia, NY, Wed., March 7, 1832.                         No. 50.

It would seem from the from the following article that the Mormonites have broken ground in Venango county, Pa. In this vicinity they have become wholly defunct. The young man indicted upon the charge of attempting to dig up a Mormonite, (as we mentioned a few weeks since) has been acquitted. -- Edt. Censor.

From the Franklin (Pa.) Democrat.


We of this place were visited on Saturday last by a couple of young men styling themselves Mormonites. They explained their doctrine to a large part of the citizens in the court house that evening. They commenced by reading the first chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Galatians: also by giving an account of their founder, Joseph Smith, then an inhabitant of the state of New-York, county of Ontario, and town of Manchester. Having repented of his sins, but not attached himself to any party of Christians, owing to the numerous divisions among them, and being in doubt what his duty was, he had recourse prayer. After retiring to bed one night, he was visited by an Angel and directed to proceed to a hill in the neighborhood where he would find a stone box containing a quantity of Gold plates. The plates were six or eight inches square, and as many of them as would make them six or eight inches thick, each as thick as a pane of glass. They were filled with characters which the learned of that state were not able to translate. A Mr. Anthony [sic], a professor of one of the colleges, found them to contain something like the Cyrian, Chaldean, or Hebrew characters. However, Smith with divine aid, was able to translate the plates, and from them we have the Mormon bible, or as they stated it, another Revelation to part of the house of Joseph.

The Revelation commenced about 600 years before Christ, with a prophet of the name of Lehi, of the tribe of Joseph, and a contemporary of the prophet Jeremiah, who had also warned the inhabitants of Jerusalem of their idolatry, & becoming unsafe in the city, was ordered by God to leave Jerusalem and journey toward the Red Sea. He with another family who accompanied him, built themselves a ship and landed on the coast of South America, where they increased very fast, and the Lord raised up a great many prophets among them. They built cities, and encouraged the arts and sciences. -- Their prophecies foretold the appearance of the Messiah on the other continent, and gave as a sign that they should have two days without a night -- also of his death, which was the cause of the terrible earthquakes, which rent all the rocks in our hills into the different shapes they now are. After our Savior's ascension to heaven, that he came down to this continent and appointed twelve disciples, and that Christianity flourished for three or four generations. -- After that the inhabitants divided and wars ensued, in which the pagans prevailed.-- The first battle was fought nigh to the straits of Darien, and the last at a hill called Comoro, when all the Christians were hewn down but one prophet. * He was directed to hide the plates in the earth, and it was intimated to him that they would be found by a gentile people. The last entry on the plates is 420 years after the commencement of the Christian era. The whole history contains their account of 1020 years. The balance of their discourse was on repentance, and quotations from our prophets to prove their doctrine, and the return of the Jews to Palestine, which was to be done by the gentile nations, accompanied with power from above, far superior to that which brought their fathers out of Egypt. They insisted that our Savior would shortly appear, and that there were some present who would see him on the earth -- that they knew it -- that they were not deceiving their hearers; that it was all true. They had one of their bibles with them, which was seen by some of our citizens who visited them.

Mr. Editor -- I have compiled the foregoing from memory. If you think it worth publishing, it will probably give some outline of the doctrine of this new sect.
* This prophet they say was Mormon.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. ?                              Buffalo, NY, March 20, 1832.                             No. ?


Mormonism. -- It appears by the following article from the Painesville Telegraph, Ohio. that the Mormonites are still endeavoring to obtain proselytes, notwithstanding one of the initiated has recently renounced and published their secrets. -- Like the followers of Brother Boaz, they are determined to adhere to their order, whether right or wrong; and also like him, they occasionally hoodwinked "a poor blind candidate" under the pretext of bringing "him to the light." And the deception[s] practised by these deluded people to deceive the world are so similar to those used by adhering masonic brethren, that we should not be surprised if they were yet to unite in one Grand Lodge, for the purpose of adopting a uniform mode in their "art of wunderwinking."

Mormonism. -- We hear frequent enquiries respecting the progress of this strange delusion and imposition. We would therefore state generally, that for a long time past it has ceased to be a subject of much attention in this county. The headquarters of the impostors appear to have been removed to the adjoining counties, where it is said that Rigdon (who is claimed to be the Elijah that was to come) and Smith, are making some progress in their work of gulling the ignorant and credulous. Their leisure hours are occupied in making new revelations from Heaven, and translating and remodeling the New Testament, which they pretend to do by inspiration. They have also recently discovered the book or prophecy of Enoch, mentioned in the epistle of Jude, which, with all their other revelations and commandments, are to be sent to Missouri for publication, where they have a printing press in operation. The whole of their works when printed, will probably comprise several volumes, which are to be swallowed, word for word, by all its dupes as though written by the finger of Deity. Those of the Mormons who have nothing to prevent them, are repairing to the "land of promise," on the western line of Missouri, and those who are in lucrative business have a special permit from the prophet to remain for four or five years. They have many missionaries in different parts of the country, proselyting those who are predisposed to place reliance on any thing marvelous. They have made one of their young fanatics believe that he is a descendant of, or belongs to the tribe of Judah, & that it is his duty to repair to Jerusalem, to preach Mormonism, or assist in restoring to Jews their ancient city. He some time since took up his march for Boston.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 1.                                  Westfield, NY, May 8, 1832.                                  No. 27.

For the American Eagle.


I wish to state to the public a simple unvarnished fact, without any comments. On Monday of last week a certain man in this town died and went the way of all the earth, Being in his life time a believer in the faith of Abraham, he requested that his funeral sermon might be delivered by a man of his own faith. His request was complied with, and his friends applied to the Trustees of the Presbyterian Church, in this village, for the use of their Meeting House to conduct the exercises in -- but they were denied this humble privilege. -- Nor is this all. I am informed that the house is partly owned by men of liberal principles, and does not belong exclusively to the Presbyterians.     AMICUS.

Note: In the May 21, 1833 issue of the Eagle a correspondent indentifies "Amicus" as a probable Mormon. Subsequently "Amicus" avoids answering the question directly -- giving the impression that perhaps he was a Mormon, but did not wish to admit it.


Vol. XII.                            Fredonia, NY, Thurs., May 9, 1832.                           No. 7.

The Mormonites are doing a prety fair business in the anti-masonic part of this town. Seven or eight were baptized to that faith by immersion last week. Fit material for a fit delusion.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 1.                                  Westfield, NY, May 29, 1832.                                  No. 30.


Mormonism. -- The Warren, Oh. News Letter states that some persons, lately entered the room where two leaders of the Mormonite fanatics slept, and tarred and feathered them.

(These Mormonites are no doubt very ignorant and fanatical, but those who applied the tar and deathers are much greater fanatics.) -- Bost. Cen.

A member of this singular sect ("Gabriel Crane, Son of Righteousness, Witness and Organ of the Lord,") has made his appearance in Philadelphia, and issued his "denunciations and anathemas, and woes," against that city, and Washington.

A Rochester paper states that on the 7th ult. several members of the Baptist Ch. in Mendon, Monroe county, made a public profession of mormonism, and were baptised. The elder who officiated, stated to the assembly that he should not die; that he should be translated to Heaven like Elijah; that he had power to raise the dead, that in eighteen months the Mormon creed will be the only Religion extant, and that all sinners will then be destroyed.

Note 1: The original report of the assault against Mormon leaders Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon was published in an early April issue of the Hudson, Ohio Observer and Telegraph. The Warren News-Letter of Apr. 10, 1832 was among the first papers to reprint the article.

Note 2: The writer of the second item mistakenly attached the Rev. Gabriel Crane to the Latter Day Saints -- he was not a Mormon preacher. The erroneous report was circulated in various papers that the Mormons had cursed are predicted the destruction of Philadelphia -- alternately, some news reports said the Mormons were moving there.


Vol. XII.                            Fredonia, NY, Wed., Aug. 1, 1832.                           No. 19.

Mormonism is said to have taken seep room in the Baptist church in Mendon, Miss. [sic] -- a number were redipped a few days ago. The preacher said he would never die, but be transplanted after the manner of Enoch, and in eighteen months Mormonism would be the prevailing religion, and that in five years the wicked would be swept from the face of the earth.

Note: The town where the LDS baptisms took place should have been printed as "Mendon, N ew York."


Vol. VII.                               Wednesday, September 26, 1832.                                 No. 326.


IN the village of Jamestown, or between the village and Causadaga Creek, on Thursday the 13th inst. a small leather wallet, containing about three dollars in cash, and a promissory note given by A. & S. R. Gilson to the bearer for $10.00.

Any person finding said wallet, and returning it to me at Plumb's Mills, shall be handsomely rewarded.
Ellicott, September 20, 1832.
view graphic of this ad

Note 1: According to this notice in the classified ads, D. P. Hurlbut lost his wallet in Jamestown, Chatauqua Co., New York on Thursday Sept. 13, 1832. He was then apparently living near Ross Mills on Cassadaga Creek in Ellicott township. Presumably Hurlbut attempted to place his notice in the Sept. 19th issue of the weekly Jamestown Journal, but that number was already ready for the press, forcing him to delay his notice for another week. Four months later the same paper was reporting the alleged outbreak of small pox in Jamestown, four of five miles south of Hurlbut's presumed residence.


Vol. XII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., Nov. 28, 1832.                          No. 36.

The Mormonites. -- It is our humiliating duty to record the fact, that two of preachers * of this fanatical sect have visited our city, endeavoring to propagate their strange doctrines, and it is said that about fifteen persons here became converts, having been led away by their delusions. Rev. Joshua V. Himes, of a baptist church in the city has republished Mr. Cambell's Analysis of the pretended, "Book of Mormon," with prefactory remarks, for which service he merits the thanks of the public. Mr. Himes states that he has had several interviews with these men, and has examined their book, which they pretend is a revelation from God. He has acquainted himself with the details of their history and principles, and is satisfied of the delusion and absurdity of their system, and of its evil tendency. One of the leading tenets of these deluded people is -- positive contradition of the Scriptures -- that the promised land is not Palestine, but a tract of country situated in Jackson county, Missouri, ten miles from the town of Independence. Some of these enthusiasts have set out for "the promised land, the place of refuge for the house of Israel, and of the gentile world who will take warning and flee thither for safety." Mr. Himes says, in his preface, that two individuals who have gone are defenceless females. They had acquired by their hard industry $2,300, one of them having $800, the other 1, 500, which they have given up to the general stock. "One of these females was in a consumption, and her friends thought she would not live to reach her destined place." Her afflicted sister told Mr. Himes that if she had been buried there, before she had been led away by these errors, and had left satisfying evidence of grace, her grief would have been much lessened.

Mr. Himes adds -- "The remaining persons who were baptized and joined the Mormonites, and contemplate going to the west, possess between $3,000 and 4,000, which they also are going to put with the general fund and which they can never draw back again, should they get sick of Mormonism, and wish to return home to their friends." The pretended "promised land" of these ignorant people is about two thousand miles distant.

The preachers intended visiting the cities and principal towns in New England -- We are informed that they have recently visited Lynn where they have endeavored to make a favorable impression, by the appearance of great sincerity. -- N. Y. Paper.
* One of these we believe is Joel H. Johnson of this town. -- Censor.

Note: The two LDS missionaries traveling through eastern New York and New England were Elders Orson Hyde and Samuel H. Smith.


Vol. 2.                                  Westfield, NY, January 22, 1833.                                  No. 8?


The small pox has made its appearance at Jamestown, N. Y. We do not learn that any cases of it have yet proved fatal.

Note: See the Jan. 23, 1833 issue of the Jamestown Journal for more on this outbreak of disease among the Mormons at Jamestown.


Vol. VII.                               Wednesday, January 23, 1833.                                 No. 343.

Considerable excitement has prevailed in our village within a few days, in consequence of reports that cases of the small pox had occurred here. We understand that is now the opinion of the physicians, that the disease is actually among us, though as yet it has been very mild. We are told that [----] measures are taking to procure vaccine matter, and we hope that timely resort to that sure preventative, and by using such other precautions as prudence suggests, all cause for alarm will soon be removed.

Note 1: This initial news on smallpox in Jamestown makes no mention of exactly where or among which residents of the area the illness first appeared. Later reports would show that the disease was prevalent among a group of Mormon converts then living at West Jamestown, probably on or near the William Barker, Sr. farm in northern Busti township.


Vol. VII.                               Wednesday, January 30, 1833.                                 No. 344.

                                                              JAMESTOWN, Jan. 28, 1833.
To the Editor of the Journal: --

  SIR -- The fact that my name has appeared among the members of the Board of health attached to two reports, calling the contagious disease now in our village, the Small Pox; and that I have publically declared to citizens in conversation on the subject, that I confidently believed it is not Small Pox, renders it necessary that I should trouble you with the present communication... on the 23d inst. so many men saw the cases of the said disease, who had seen much of the Small Pox... I concluded that I would accede to the general opinion, and signed the report of that day...

I now think it proper publicly to inform you, that I do not now and never have believed the cases alluded to, to be instances of the small pox, and further, that I do and have for a fortnight or more, made known, that I consider them cases of the disease appropriately, and scientifically named Variloid. I may be mistaken, but I will firmly maintain my present opinions until I am convinced that they are wrong...

It is not as contagious as the small pox. Five weeks have elapsed since the atack of the first case, and previous to the report of two yesterday, there have been but eleven taken down with the complaint in our village of more than 1200 inhabitants.... But of the small pox we are taught to believe that it is the most contagious, febrile disease in existence...

While before the public it may be well barely to alude to the villianous reports that are in circulation about my conduct as regards the present disease. All of which I consider so utterly despicable that they are beneath my notice, for my friends know that they are false...

                W. P. PROUDFIT.

Note: Dr. William Pitt Proudfit (1806-1843), then a recent graduate of Castleton Medical College, may have been correct in his pronouncing the alleged 1833 "smallpox" epidemic in Jamestown to have actually been an outbreak of the less serious disease, variola. However, Dr. Gilbert W. Hazeltine, another of the physicians then living in the area, subsequently supported the notion that the contagion may have actually been small pox -- see the "The Mormons in Jamestown" section in his 1887 book, Early History of the Town of Ellicott, (pp. 343ff.). On the other hand, the Mormons' prospects of building the faith of recent converts (and of bringing in more converts) would have been favorably enhanced by their being able to say that they survived the latter day pestilence of small pox at Jamestown, with very few casualties, due to divine intervention of their behalf. While there is no evidence that the local Mormons were then manufacturing such claims, it would not have been especially suited to their peculiar interests to have accepted Dr. Proudfit's diagnosis of the strange illness in their midst.


Vol. VII.                               Wednesday, February 6, 1833.                                 No. 345.

D I E D.

In this village, last evening, of the Small Pox, Mrs. _____ Clark.

This is the first case where this disease has proved fatal in our town, and we hope that He who governs the destinies of the human race, may so order, that it shall be the last. We believe there are no new cases in our town, and we have strong hopes that there will be none. We are informed that it is spreading in Busti.

Note 1: Probably "Mrs. Clark" was a Mormon convert. No more was said about her in the local press or subsequent histories of the area.

Note 2: Busti is the township that adjoins Jamestown on the southwest. It was here that Elder William Barker, Sr., the local LDS leader had his farm. A band of Mormon converts had "gathered" and were then living in West Jamestown, in close promixity to the the Barker farm in northern part of Busti township. It was on this farm that Elder D. Philastus Hurlbut was baptized into the LDS faith, just prior to the outbreak of this disease in Jamestown.


Vol. VII.                               Wednesday, February 13, 1833.                                 No. 346.


This singular sect, says the Ohio Atlas, now number about four or five hundred, at Mount Zion, their New Jerusalem in the West. Their possessions are small compared with their numbers, being only about four sections of land. Twenty acres is the portion assigned for each family to improve, but they are to hold no property should they leave the community. Mount Zion is not elevated, and the settlement resembles "new beginnings" generally in the west. They are represented as already suffering for the necessities of life, and by squalid poverty preparing for theor reception of their expected Saviour. Their creed appears to have undergone but very little change -- Originally members of almost every sect, they now cordially unite in destesting all, save Mormonites. They all pretend to the gift of miracles, of tongues, of healing their sick, and of visions, although, like all other modern miracles, often told but never seen. Their Prophet, Smith, is now busy in restoring the present Bible to its primitive purity, and in adding some lost books of great importance. A new Revelation is also forthcoming. The Mormons still profess to walk with angels, visit the third heaven and converse with Christ face to face. Their form of baptism is changed to "I, John the Messenger, baptize thee," &c. The gift of imparting the Holy Ghost is yet professed. They pretend to have discovered where the Ark of the Covenant, Aaron's rod, and the pot of Manna are now hid. At no distant period, they expect Christ will reappear to live and reign on the earth a thousand years. Such are the present Mormons and such is their New Jerusalem. We believe their society in this country numbers something more than one hundred souls, many of whom intend removing to Mount Zion in the spring. Mormonism was was introduced by a few illiterate disciples of Joseph Smith, in the summer of 1831, a time when religious excitements were the order of the day. -- A sort of revival enthusiasm pervaded many neighborhoods, and wherever Mormonism obtained a footing, it spread like wild fire. Scores were awakened, converted, baptized, and endowed with the holy spirit in a few hours at a single meeting, in the midst of shoutings, wailings, fallings, contortions, trances, visions, speaking in unknown tongues and prophesyings. The timid were frightened, the credulous believed, and we were frequently eye witnesses to scenes of strange and unnatural conduct of Mormons, professedly under the influence of the spirit, that staggered the belief of the most stable and incredulous. But the storm passed, a calm followed -- reason triumphed -- and Mormonism waned.

As a curiosity, we have carefully examined the Golden Bible, and pronounce it not even "a cunningly devised fable," Every page bears the impress of its human authorship. -- Though free from vulgar obscenities, it is an absurd collection of dull, stupid and foolishly improbable stories, which no person, unless under the influence of powerfully excited feelings can mistake for truth and inspiration. With its authors, the Book of Mormon cannot survive this generation. And the next will remember it, only to smile at the credulity of the present.

MR. EDITOR -- The fact that Dr. Proudfit, in his communication of the 28th ult. advanced opinions which by many respectable members of the community are believed to be erroneous, is my apology for asking of you the indulgence of your columns as a medium through which to communicate the following facts in regard to the contagious disorder now to some extent prevailing in Busti and your Village... [description of disease symptoms follows]...

The foregoing description of the disease will enable medical gentlemen to ascertain its proper appellation, and determine whether it is a nettle-rash, chicken pox, small pox, or varioloid.

Many of the senior class of our citizens, who do not belong to the medical profession, will undoubtedly recognize in the above description of the disease, all the most prominent symptoms of small pox, as they have observed it...

Dr. Proudfit considers it as too mild a complaint for small pox and thinks the worst cases that he has seen, have indicated no danger. Now it is possible that another person might have thought it a dangerous complaint, but this could not prove it to be small pox, neither does Dr. Proudfit's estimate of its mildness prove it to be varioloid... If the disease thus far has proved to be generally mild for small pox, it may be satisfactorily accounted for from the fact that it occurred at a favorable season of the year, and in a healthy situation...

It is admitted the origin of the disease is mysterious; but there is not the remotest probability that it was introduced by any member of the medical profession; nor can it now be very importantfrom whence it was derived. Some difference of opinion may still exist as to the mere name of the complaint. Its [nature] is tolerably well ascertained, and [time] will determine whether the opinions of experienced persons will prevail, [or] the closet speculations of an unpracticed Doctor.
                          S. J. BROWN.

Note 1: The article reprinted from the Elyria, Ohio,Ohio Atlas, and Lorain County Gazette of Dec. 6, 1832, is a mixture of local information from Lorain county, Ohio and other information derived from the reports of Rev. Benton Pixley of Independence, Missouri. The Jamestown Journal editor may have chosen to feature this particular reprint on the Mormons in his columns because it speaks of their pretensions to "the gift" of divinely imparted "healing" of "their sick,"... often told but never seen. At this very time the Mormon colony in West Jamestown was refusing medical treatment and preventative care for members exposed to the mysterious illness then afflicting the Jamestown area.

Note 2: Obviously Mr. S. J. Brown had little use for the "unpracticed" medical college graduate who had recently moved into the tiny Jamestown professional community. However, Brown's admission of the mildness of the contagion, along with the fact that it was not spreading with the quickness or severity one might expect from an actual outbreak of small pox, probably confirms Dr. Proudfit's original diagnosis. Although the editor also printed an article on "Mormonites" in this issue, there was still no mention that the pestilence was largely confined to the "Mormonites" of Busti township.

Note 3: At about this same time Elder Sidney Rigdon was reportedly assembling recent Mormon converts from western New York, with an intention of "gathering" them to Kirtland or to Independence. Rigdon allegedly directed the activities of Elder William Barker, Sr. of Busti township, Chautaqua Co., in this temporary congregation of mobile Mormons. Barker is said to have made advance arrangements to house the expected influx of converts into Jamestown. Apparently there was not enough room at his Busti farm to care for all of these people -- or perhaps Elder Barker sold the farm in anticipation of his own move west -- for Barker apparently procured "a number of indifferent houses on Third street west of Jefferson street" prior to May of 1833, in which to lodge the congregation of between 100 and 300 converts. Recalling that the entire population of Jamestown was only about 1200 in 1833, this was a large project in the little town.

Note 4: According to the Jamestown Journal of Sept. 26, 1832, D. P. Hurlbut was present in the Jamestown area prior to the outbreak of the disease and the ingathering of Mormon converts. Elder Hiram P. Brown (writing in 1885) says that Hurlbut "was baptized into the Church of Latter Day Saints on the farm of our father-in-law, William Barker, near Jamestown, Chatauqua county, New York, somewhere between 1832 and 1835." Elder George Reynolds narrows the time down, by saying: "Hurlburt embraced the gospel in 1832," and Elder Benjamin Winchester confirms the place, by saying, "Dr. P. Hulbert resided at Jamestown, N.Y., previous to his embracing the profession of a Latter Day Saint." Hiram P. Brown's first wife, Hannah A. Barker (1827-1883?), was the daughter of Elder William Barker, Sr., and Sylvia Barker. The Barker family was living at Busti (adjacent to Jamestown on the west), Chautauqua Co., New York in the early 1830s. D. P. Hurlbut became a Mormon in Chautauqua Co., New York near the end of 1832 and was probably baptized there by Elder William Barker, Sr. It is also possible that the officiating LDS Elder was Sidney Rigdon, who reportedly supervised Brown's activities for the Church at this time. If so, it may well have been Rigdon who sent Hurlbut directly on to Kirtland, rather than having the new convert remain with other Mormons who gathered in Jamestown early in 1833. Hurlbut probably left Jamestown in mid-February, just as the "epidemic" was generating so many health fears in Jamestown, but before the full influx of new converts were settled in their "indifferent houses."


Vol. 2.                                  Westfield, NY, March 12, 1833.                                  No. 15.

                                                 For the Eagle.

Mr. Editor --

Although I have long cherished the most liberal feeling toward all Christian denominations with which I have been acquainted, yet toward Mormonism I feel a great aversion, and on some occasions, I have expressed it, and from all the evidence I can obtain I must say I believe it to be an imposition of the basest sort, and well calculated to lead a certain class of the community to receive it and confide in at, as a revelation from God. For these remarks no doubt some of that faith will do as others have done before, denounce (as by prophecy) the curse of Heaven upon me; but, conscious of the rectitude of my intentions, it gives me no alarm. I have long been acquainted with one of the ringleaders, (Mr. Rigdon,) and have had some acquaintance with another, (Mr. Harris,) and finding their character properly delineated, by Mr. Booth, in his letters to the Rev. J. Eddy, I should be glad if you would give these letters a place in your columns of the Eagle, as the information he gives is derived from what he saw. Mr. Booth is a gentleman long favorably known in the state of Ohio, as a man and a minister and if these letters are admissible some farther information may be communicated.     Yours with esteem.
                                           J. S. BARRIS.
March 6th, 1833.

(the 1832-32 Ezra Booth letters follow in this and the next issue)

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. VII.                               Wednesday, April 17, 1833.                                 No. 355.

"Mormons and the Smallpox."

(under construction)

Note: This issue of the Jamestown Journal has not yet been located. It evidently carried an important article concerning the continued outbreak of disease among the Mormons at Jamestown. See the Apr. 4, 1833 issue of the Fredonia Censor for a summary of this account.


Vol. 2.                                  Westfield, NY, April 23, 1833.                                  No. 21?

Intelligence  Respecting  Mormonites.

To the Editor of the Christian Watchman.

Sir -- Dwelling as I do among a people called Mormonites, and on the very land which they sometimes call Mount-Zion, at other times the New-Jerusalem, and where, at no distant period, they expect the reappearing of the Lord Jesus, to live and reign with them on earth a thousand years -- I have thought that it might be a part of duty, to inform those who may be interested in relation of this subject, that although there has been from first to last, four or five hundred Mormonites in all, men women and children, arrived at this place, yet there is no appearance here different from that of other wicked places. The people eat and drink, and some get frunk, suffer pain and disease, live and die like other people, the Mormons themselves not excepted, They declare there can be no true church, where the gift of miracles, of tongues, of healing, &c. are not exhibited and continued. Several of them, however, have died; yet none of them have been raised from the dead; and the sickm unhappily, seem not to have faith to be healed of their diseases. One woman, I am told, declared in her sickness, with much confidence, that she should not die, but here live and reign with Christ a thousand years; but unfortunately she died, like other people, three days later.

Their first, best, great and celebrated preacher, Elder Rigdon, tells us the epistles are not and were not given for our instruction, but for the instruction of people of another age and country, far removed from ours, of different manners and habits, and needing different teaching; and that it is altogether inconsistent for us to take the epistles written for that people, at that age of the world, as containing suitable instruction for this people, at this age of the world. The gospels, too, we are given by them to understand, are so mutilated and altered, as to convey little of the instruction which they should convey. -- Hence we are told a new revelation is to be sought; is to be expected; indeed is coming forthwith.

They profess to hold frequent converse with angels. Some go, if we may believe what they say, as far as the third heaven, and converse with the Lord Jesus face to face.

They profess to know where the ark of the covenant, Aaron's rod, the pot of manna, &c. now remain hid.

The last preaching I heard of theirs was a most labored discourse. Its object was to prove that this place, here fixed upon by the Mormons as their location, is the very Mount Zion so often mentioned in scripture.

The possessions here are small, very small compared with their members; something less, I believe, than four sections of land, which would cost but little more than three thousand dollars. Twenty acres is the portion assigned to each family, to use and improve while they continue members of the society; but if they leave, they are to go out empty. Some in comfortable circumstances at the east, have spent or given to the society their little all in coming to this land of promise, and now find themselves in no very enviable circumstances, looking here and there for labor, and women going to wash for their neighbors of the world to supply themselves with the necessities of life.

The idea of equality is held forth; but time will show that some take deeds of property in their own name, and those too of the most zealous and forward in the cause and prosperity of the society. And perhaps they do not pretend, like Annanias and Sapphira, to have given all to the society; yet it is a point of duty they most rigidly enjoin on all their proselytes to cast their all into the common stock. Unver these circumstances, it needs no prophetic eye to forsee that there will soon be a murmuring of the Greeks against the Hebrews. Indeed there already begins to be some feeling and some defection arising from this subject. There is much reason to believe they cannot hold together long. With Theudas, it is more than probable they will soon be scattered and brought to naught.

The very materials of which the society is composed must at length produce an explosion. Yet judging from the past, and from what our Saviour has told us of the future, that there should be false Christs and fakse prophets, showing signs and wonders so as to deceive, if it were possible, the very elect, we may well look on this new sect as ominous of the latter day approaching, and calling upon all to watch and pray, and to give good heed to the word of our Saviour, where he says, "Go ye not after them, nor follow them."

                  Yours, &c.
                  B. Pixley.

Independence, Jackson Co. Mo. Oct. 12, 1832.

Note 1: Rev. Pixley wrote several informative letters regarding the Mormons, to various newspapers during the early 1830s. This appears to have been his first such letter -- it was published in the Boston Christian Watchman about the end of 1832. The editor of the Westfield, Chautauqua Co., NY American Eagle was concerfned about the recent growth of Mormonism in western New York and featured a number of articles on their activities. It is likely that D. P. Hurlbut, then living in nearby Jamestown, was reading such articles at about the same time he converted to the Mormon Church.

Note 2: Some other papers publishing part or all of Pixley's Oct. 12, 1832 letter include: the Boston Independent Messenger of Nov. 29, 1832; the Christian Messenger of Feb. 1833; the Elyria Ohio Atlas of Dec. 6, 1832; and the Missouri Intelligencer of Apr. 13, 1833. Pixley wrote a follow-up letter on Nov. 7, 1833, to the New York Observer. That letter was reprinted in the Christian Watchman of Dec. 13, 1833.


Vol. XIII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., Apr. 24, 1833.                          No. 5.

Small Pox. -- It appears from the last Jamestown papers that the small pox has again broken out at that place, and that one man, of the name of Sherman has died with it. The authorities of the village say that it is confined to a particular section of the village.

It is also stated that several of that infatuated sect called Mormons, who are in that neighborhood, give out that they cannot take the disorder, and that even if they should they could not convey it to any one else -- consequently they use no precaution to guard against it. We understand that one of them, broken out with the disorder, was last week wandering about this town.

Note 1: The dead Mormon at Jamestown was evidently a relative of Elder Lyman R. Sherman and his wife Diadama Johnson, both of Chautauqua Co. Their son Albey Lyman Sherman was born at Jamestown Oct. 30, 1832 and survived the health hazards there. Another LDS infant born at Jamestown was was not so fortunate -- Benjamin Jacob died victim of the disease at Jamestown in January, 1833.

Note 2: Mormon missionaries passing through Jamestown contracted the disease and carried it with them on their eastward journeys. Elder Zebedee Coltrin was taken ill with the same disease but eventually recovered. The following is his journal entry for Apr. 12, 1833: "we went to Jamestown church and found the Desiples in disstress and some of them had the small pox one had died and we prayed for them & laid hands & hear we Found Brother L. Johnson & O Prat & S. Smith & H. Riggs & on Sat the 13 the church met to call on the lord fore the sick & the Lord blest us much and we Stade thare till monday the 15 -- & then we went to the church in Pomfret & thare we call the church to gether & found them in good sircumstanceis..." After passing through Silver Creek (in Chautauqua Co.) and "Chollins" (in Cattaraugus Co.), Coltrin came to "Brother Lyons" at Warsaw (in Wyoming Co.), where he "was taken with the sm. poxs." Thus, Elder Coltrin passed though Fedonia (Pomfret twp., Chautauqua Co.) on April 15th-16th, and may have been "last week wandering about this town," in the words of the editor of the Fredonia Censor. Perhaps the disease began to affect Coltrin at Fredonia and totally incapacitated him at Warsaw, a week later.


Vol. 2.                                  Westfield, NY, May 21, 1833.                                  No. 25.

           For the Eagle.

Mr. "Amicus" driven to take some position where he could be found a moment, has entrenched himself behind the broad assertion that my statement of April 2d, "as a whole," is not true;" ... I will only take the shepherd's sling and staff to "measure" with your Goliath sword.     EQUAL RIGHTS.

       For the Eagle.

MR. EDITOR. -- I observed in the communication of your very learned correspondent "Amicus," this Italicised sentence, "non compus mentis," in endeavoring to come at the meaning of which I spent much labor to no purpose. Neither the Latin or Greek Lexicon, though searched with great care, could furnish the word "compus." And at last in despair I came to the conclusion that Mr. "Amicus" must be a Mormon. And being very anxious to learn the definition of this strange word "compus," & understanding that those Mormons who speak or write in unknown tongues are able to translate them into our language, I would most earnestly request our Mormon friend "Amicus" to interprest without delay.     ANTI-MORMON.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 2.                                  Westfield, NY, May 28, 1833.                                  No. 26.

       For the Eagle.

              And like
    A cinder that had life and feeling, seem'd
    His face, with inward pining, to be what
    He could not be --

Mr. Editor.
    A correspondent of yours comes out over the signature "Anti-mormon" wishing to know something about something, but it would puzzle Jo Smith himself with all his profundity in the mysteries of mormonism, to perpetrate the deep obscurity which clouds his communication and ascertain the desires of the gentleman. I am afraid that like the boys beans his thoughts came up "wrong end up" when he penned his witicism. Now I am willing to accomodate this candid solicitor with any thing that I know if only I only find out what he wants, but my opportunities to improve my mind have been so few that I can not delve into the meaning of hieroglyphical sentences. I would that he had been more explicit. ...To conclude, I advise you never again to attempt to [criticise] the orthography of words borrowed from a dead language, till you shall have made such proficiency in your own native tongue as to write common sense.
      Q. E. D.                 AMICUS.
Westfield, May 22.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 2.                                  Westfield, NY, June 4, 1833.                                  No. 27.


The sect that has lately arisen in this country, distinguished by the name of Mormons, are rapidly increasing in different parts; and even Westfield is favored with a society of this order.

A curious circumstance, however, of no little importance to them, has recently transpired among the Mormons of Westfield.

It is well known that they profess to have the gift of tongues, the interpretation of tongues, the discerning of spirits, the gift of healing, the gift of prophecy &c.; and they have for a considerable time, spoken, as they allege, unknown tongues, as did the apostles on the day of Pentecost, and they have attracted crowds to their meetings. -- It happened, however, than an individual joined himself to them who had not very great faith. This individual, as he states, was an earnest seeker after light; and he was determined, if possible, to satisfy himself whether Mormonism was or was not true. He was accordingly baptized. He went on with the "brethren" in full fellowship, and in the course of a few days was confirmed by the laying on of hands and received the gift of tongues. He accordingly spoke with tongues, and others, as is their custom, gave the interpretation. -- He, also, himself was favored with the interpretation of tongues when that gift was bestowed upon some other one: in fine, he was becoming one of the brightest ornaments of the church, and it was declared by the High Priest, that he had the spirit of the Lord and spoke as he was moved by the Holy Ghost. Last Thursday, however, this man, (Mr. Robinson,) completely analyzed this gift of tongues. The circumstances are these:

The preacher delivered a discourse as usual, and, according to custom, called upon the brethren to use their privilege and speak if they had aught to say.

Accordingly a young man arose, and, after a short exhortation in the English language, broke out vehemently in an unknown tongue, as it was called. When he had concluded the preacher called upon any brother who might have the interpretation, to rise and declare it. The member before spoken of, (Mr. Robinson,) was favored with the interpretation. He declared that the young man had cited the people to him as one that had somewhat to say unto them: that he had declared that through him, (Robinson,) they would receive great light, and that his testimony would be true, and that they were admonished to give heed to it. To this, the preacher, Mr. Gould, assented, saying that Mr. R. had given the substance of the young man's talk. Mr. R. then received the spirit and spoke with tongues, and the interpretation was given to Mr. G. the preacher and leader. He declared that Mr. R. had spoken an unknown tongue, and that the interpretation was thus, and thus. One of the spectators then asked leave to be as inquisitive as Nicodemus was relative to the new birth, and inquired of Mr. R. whether Mr. G. had given the true interpretation of his language. Mr. R. accordingly related the circumstances by which he became connected with the Mormons, and how he obtained the gift of tongues, &c.

He said that for some days after his baptism, he had no other impressions than he formerly had; he thought as he had before thought, and felt as he had before felt. At a certain time, however, he was in company with some of the brethren, and they declared to him that he might have the gift of tongues if he chose; asking him if he had not had a humming in his mind for days past, and told him to sing in an unknown tongue; he declared himself no singer and declined; but after a little was induced to make the attempt, and did sing in an unknown tongue; still his feelings remained the same; he perceived no change in his mind, the spirit did not come upon him like a rushing mighty wind and fill all the house; neither was it like the still small voice heard by Elijah, when the wind and the earthquake had ceased. And now I testify to you, before God and these witnesses, that I never had any impressions or exercises different from other times, since I joined the Mormons; that the tongues spoken by me are of my own invention, and that, as far as my knowledge extends, the whole is a farce; and may my fate be like that of Annanias and Sapphira if I do not speak the truth honestly before God.

As may be inferred, the above scene produced a strong sensation in the house; and it was strongly urged by the spectators that his testimony corroberated and substantiated as it had been by the gift of tongues (as it is called) must be received at least by the Mormons. And indeed it makes a strong case:

1st He had received the gift and had the testimony of those who think themselves capable of discerning spirits, was, that he had the spirit of God.

2d. He had the testimony of a miraculous gift -- an unknown tongue -- that the testimony he was about to give would be true, and that the people were obligated to believe it.

3. The testimony which he did give was that Mormonism is a delusion -- an imposition; and the people do give credit to his testimony.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., June 12, 1833.                          No. 12.

Our antimasonic neighbor at Westfield, not having any masonic renunciations to record about these days, has commenced giving the renunciations if the mormons, one which, that of a Mr. Robinson, after considerable extraneous matter is thus summed up in the last Eagle"--

"And now I testify to you, before God and these witnesses, that I never had any impressions or exercises different from other times, since I joined the Mormons; that the tongues spoken by me are of my own invention, and that, as far as my knowledge extends, the whole is a farce; and may my fate be like that of Annanias and Sapphira if I do not speak the truth honestly before God."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., August 21, 1833.                          No. 22.

              From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.

Head Quarters of Mormonism broken up. -- You have probably heard of the Mormon establishment in this vicinity. Six hundred or more, of that misguided people, have emigrated within the last two years to Jackson city [sic], in the next county to this, and have rendered themselves obnixious to the citizens by holding out inducements for free negroes to settle in the country, and urging salves to be unfaithful. Last week the citizens organized themselves for the purpose of breaking up the establishment. -- Their (the Mormonite) printing press was torn down; -- store and machine shop broken up, -- the leaders tarred and feathered, and a time set for their departure. What course may be pursued toward the followers, is not yet known.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., August 28, 1833.                          No. 23.

We learn from the Mormon colony in Missouri, that a great riot took place there about the 20th ult. We understand that O. Cowdery, one of the principal men among the pilgrims, has just arrived at the head quarters of the Prophet in this county, with the tidings that 4 or 500 of the inhabitants of that region, including most of the military and civil authorities of the country, assembled at mid-day, in an uproarious manner, made an attack upon a brick building containing the printing establishment, and the family of the editor, and razed it to the ground -- scattering the type, revelations, translations and commandments, printed or in manuscript, to the four winds. They in the mean time took six of the head men, bishop and elders, to whom they applied the tar and its concomitants, & kept them in durance vile for two or three days, threatening to take their lives and destroy their property, if they did not depart the place. -- A treaty of amity was finally entered into between the mobors and the mobees, wherein the latter agreed to leave the County as soon as they conveniently could, and the former to pay damages. This is the substance of the affair as related to us. We presume, however, that it has been somewhat magnified & exaggerated. -- Painesville Telegraph.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. VIII.                               Wednesday, August 28, 1833.                                 No. 374.

              From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.

Head Quarters of Mormonism broken up. -- You have probably heard of the Mormon establishment in this vicinity. Six hundred or more, of that misguided people, have emigrated within the last two years to Jackson city [sic], in the next county to this, and have rendered themselves obnixious to the citizens by holding out inducements for free negroes to settle in the country, and urging salves to be unfaithful. Last week the citizens organized themselves for the purpose of breaking up the establishment. -- Their (the Mormonite) printing press was torn down; -- store and machine shop broken up, -- the leaders tarred and feathered, and a time set for their departure. What course may be pursued toward the followers, is not yet known.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. ?                              Buffalo, NY, September 3, 1833.                             No. ?


Some days since we announced to our readers by means of a letter from Missouri, that the Mormonite head quarters in Jackson county, in that state, had been broken up. The St. Louis Republican of the 9th inst. just received, gives the annexed particulars of the transaction. We can easily conceive that such an establishment would be quite a nuisance any-where; but we must say, notwithstanding, that such a mode of breaking it up is illegal and riotous, however respectable may have been the individuals concerned. What avail our toleration principles, if no sect is to be endured but such as are free from the extravagance of fanaticism? -- Jour. of Commerce.

from the St. Louis Republican.

(view original article from that paper)

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. ?                              Buffalo, NY, December 3, 1833.                             No. ?


More trouble in the Mormon camp. -- We learn that there has been another fracas in Missouri, between the Mormon fanatics and the citizens, in which fire arms were resorted to. Twenty of the latter and two of the former were killed. It has been said that since the previous affair, the Prophet has sent orders to the brethren there, to "stand by their arms," instead of leaving the place as they had agreed. They had accordingly erected some kind of barricase and supplied themselves with arms. The citizens commenced the attack, and were totally routed, with the loss as above stated. There were also several wounded. We understand that dispatches have arrived at the head quarters of the prophets in this county, by special messenger from the seat of war. -- Painesville Telegraph.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. VIII.                               Wednesday, December 11, 1833.                                 No. 389.

More Troubles in the Mormon camp. -- We learn that there has been another fracas in Missouri, between the Mormon fanatics, and the citizens, in which fire arms were resorted to. -- Twenty of the latter, and two of the former were killed. It is said that since the previous affair, the Prophet had sent orders to the brethren there, to "stand by their arms," instead of leaving the place as they had agreed. They had accordingly erected some kind of barricade and supplied themselves with arms. The citizens commenced the attack and were totally routed, with the loss above stated. There was also several wounded. We understand that despatches have arrived at the head quarters of the prophet in this county, by special messenger from the seat of war. -- Painesville Telegraph.

Civil War in Missouri. -- The people of Jackson county are using the torch, the sword, the musket, against the Mormonites. On the 31st of October, a mob of fifty persobs attacked and demolished 12 of the mormon dwellings, beat the inmates, and drove the women and children into the woods. On the first Nov. the war recommenced, both parties using fire arms. On the fifth the mob recommenced the assault about 300 strong. -- Several of the assailants were badly wounded and three of them killed. Among the latter was an Attorney named Hugh L. Breazeale. Subsequently, there was another battle, in which several were killed on both sides. One of the Mormon worshippers gives an account of the affair in a St. Louis paper, concluding as follows:

"I am satisfied that it is useless to undertake to enforce the laws in that country under the present circumstances, because there is no one to enforce them. Every officer, civil and military, with one or two exceptions, is either directly or indirectly engaged in the mob.

Under these painful circumstances, what remains to be done? Must we be driven from our homes? Must we leave the soil for which we have paid our money? Most our women and children be turned out of doors with nothing but the clouded canopy to cover them, and the perpetration of the above crimes escape unpunished? Or must we fight our enemies three to one, or lie down and die and our names be blotted out from among men? Let the Executive of our state and Nation consider these questions, and if they will answer them in the negative, let them signify it by raising the helping hand. Again, I ask in behalf of my brethren: Will not the Governor or President lend a helping hand in this dreadful extremity? -- Shall the crisis of the innocent and distressed, salute the ears of the Executive in vain? God forbid! For while the constitution of the United States, which was given by the inspiration of Almighty God through the instrumentality of our fathers, shall stand, I trust that those who are honored with the Executive, will see that the laws are magnified and made honorable. Perhaps some of my friends, on reading this letter; will be ready to ask me what I think of my religion now: I have no reply, other than this: Paul said, "He that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution."

Editors throughout the United States, are requested to publish this letter, if they are willing to confer a favour upon those who are journeying through much tribulation

I am, sirs, though a stranger, your friend and humble servant.
                                ORSAN [sic] HYDE.

Note 1: The first of the above two articles was reprinted from the Nov. 29, 1833 issue of the Painesville Telegraph. Coming, as it did, from Geauga Co., Ohio, it supplied news almost directly from the Mormon headquarters at nearby Kirtland.

Note 2: Orson Hyde's highly colored letter from the "Steam Boat Charleston" was apparently addressed to the editors of the Missouri Intelligencer in Columbia. By Nov. 12th it had been reprinted in the St. Louis Missouri Republican, and from there was spread to other papers across the country. A fairly accurate rendering of the text may be found in the Dec. 7th issue of the Chardon Spectator, while a much condensed version appeared in newspapers like the Dec. 2, 1833 issue of the New York Spectator. A copy of the Chardon Spectator's reprint was mailed to D. P. Hurlbut at Palmyra, New York, which he handed over to the editor of the Wayne Sentinel. The latter paper published a summary of this particular news on Dec. 6th.

Note 3: Probably, by the time the Jamestown Journal came out with its belated report of the deteriorating situation in Missouri, D. P. Hurlbut had already left his affidavit gathering activities western New York and was on his way back to Kirtland -- expecting to catch Joseph Smith, Jr. and the other top Mormon leaders at a moment of high vulnerability. There is no evidence that he revisited his old haunts in Jamestown either coming or going on his jaunt to Palmyra and points eastward.


Vol. XIII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., December 11, 1833.                          No. 38.

Civil War and Bloodshed. -- The St. Louis (Missouri) Republican of the 12th ult., gives an account of a series of outrages by the inhabitants if Independence, Jackson county, (Missouri) upon the Mormonites, derived from Mr. Orson Hyde, an eye-witness and sufferer, and a leader of that sect. From his statement, which is confirmed by a postscript in the Boonville Herald of the 7th ult., it appears that on the night of October 31st, some forty or fifty of the citizens of Jackson county, made an assault upon the Mormonite village, and demolished twelve dwelling houses. Two of the Mormonites were taken and severely beaten and stoned. On the following night, the attack was renewed by the same mob, who broke open Gilbert and Whitney's store, and scattered their goods through the streets. On Saturday night another assault was made, but the Mormons, in the meantime, had conveyed their goods to a place of safety, and prepared themselves for defense. There were fired upon by the mob, and returned the fire, by which two men were wounded. On Monday, the mob had increased to between two and three hundred men, well armed, who called themselves the Militia. They again attacked the settlements, and poured a deadly fire -- says the informant -- upon the settlers, several of whom were killed. A party of the Mormons returned the fire, with a fatal effect. Some twenty or thirty of the assailants fell, mortally wounded; among them Hugh L. [Breazeale] and a Mr. Hicks, attorneys at law. The writer, after this battle, left the settlement to wait upon the governor, to petition for a redress of these grievances. The issue of the application is not stated.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., December 18, 1833.                          No. 39.

The War against the Mormonites. -- It appears from the following extract from the St. Louis Republican, that the affrays between the Mormonites and other inhabitants of the western part of Missouri have not been so sanguinary as at first represented, and are supposed to be now at an end:

The disturbances in Jackson County. -- We are glad to receive more pacific accounts from the county of Jackson. The Mormonites have determined to oppose no further armed resistance to the dominent party, and they were rapidly leaving the county and their homes, with intention of forming another community elsewhere. They are determined, however, to prosecute the citizens engaged in hostilities toward them, and for the depredations committed upon their property. They have undoubtedly adopted the best course which was left to them; and all alarm has subsided in that county.

All our accounts concur in one thing, that the original statement as to the number killed, was much exaggerated. The most authentic and latest account which has reached us, puts down the number at 6 -- 2 of the citizens, and 4 of the Mormonites, and a good many wounded.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. VIII.                               Albion, Wednesday, December 25, 1833.                                 No. 391.

The War against the Mormonites in Missouri intermits, according to the St. Louis Republican of the 22d ult. not, however, by reason of the law having interposed to protect individual rights but because "the Mormonites have determined to resist no more, and were rapidly leaving their country and homes."! The previous accounts as to the numbers killed were exaggerated; the latest & most authentic statement puts the number at six, two citizens and four Mormonites. A good many, however were wounded.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIII.                           Fredonia, NY, Wed., December 25, 1833.                          No. 40.

The Mormon War. -- The disturbances between the citizens of Jackson county, Missouri, and the Mormonites, have ceased, and the latter have removed to an adjoining county. The statement of Mr. Hyde, in relation to the number killed appears to be incorrect. Only three or four lives have been lost. -- Cleve. Adv., Dec. 19.

Notes: (forthcoming)



Vol. II.                                   Albion, December 25, 1833.                                  No. 10.


Mormonism Exploded -- The Book of Mormon it has been ascertained by Doct. Hurlbert, of Kirtland, Ohio, was written some thirty years since, by a respectable clergyman, now deceased, designed to be published as a romance. The religious character of the work is supposed to have been superadded by the notorious Rigdon.

Notes: (forthcoming)

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